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20 terms

Chapter 12

Research participants believed that the Asch conformity test involved a study of
visual perception
Solomon Asch reported that individuals conformed to a group's judgement of the lengths of lines
even when the group judgment was clearly incorrect
The affectionate attachment that keeps a relationship going after passionate feelings cool is known as
companionate love
Which theory best explains why our actions can lead us to modify our attitudes?
cognitive dissonance theory
Overgeneralized beliefs abut a group of people that often underlie prejudicial emotions are called
The discomfort we feel when two thoughts are inconsistent is called
cognitive dissonance.
Most people are likely to be suprised by the results of Milgram's intitial obedience experiment becasue
the "teachers" were more obedient than most people would have predicted
Darley and Latane observed that most university students failed to help a person having an epileptic seizure when they thought there were four other witnesses to the emergency. The student's failure to help is best explained in
a diffusion of responsibility
Which of the following persons is most clearly acting aggressively
a child who tries to hit another child with a rock
Philip Zimbardo devised a simulated prison and randomly assigned and randomly assigned college students to serve as prisoners or guards. This experiment best illustrated the impact of
role-playing on attitudes
Alexis believes that all male atheltes are self centered and sexist. Her beleifs are an example of
Prejudice is best defined as
an unjustifiable attitude toward a group and its members
The mere exposure effect refers to the fact that people
experience increasing attraction to novel stimuli that become more familiar
Most children believe their school is better than other schools in town. This best illustrates
ingroup bias
According to Milgram, the most fundamental lesson to be learned from his study of obedience is that
even ordinary people, who are not usually hostile, can become agents of destruction and the desire to be accepted by others is one of the strongest human motives
The tragic murder of Kitty Genovese outside her New York apartment stimulated social-psychological research on
According to social exchange theory, altruistic behavior is guided by
calculations of costs and benefits
The frustration-aggression principle suggests that anger results when
an attempt to achieve some goal is blocked
Studies of implicit attitudes indicate that prejudice is often
A store owner charges lack customers more than Hispanic customers for the very dame merchandise. the owner is most likely engaging in