Upgrade to remove ads
Terms in this set (30)
The land between 2 rivers
Mesopotamia, present-day location
Tigris and Euphrates
A wedge-shaped system of writing developed in Mesopotamia., an ancient wedge-shaped script used in Mesopotamia and Persia
King who designed a legal code in early Babylon (Mesopotamia) that gave punishment based on crime and social status (different punishment for rich and poor for the same crime).
pyramid-temple dedicated to the chief god or goddess of an ancient Sumerian city-state
Hanging Gardens of Babylon
terraced garden at Babylon watered by pumps from the Euphrates, built to please King Nebacunezer's Wife. One of the 7 wonders of the Ancient World.
The Great Pyramid
The largest and grandest of the pyramids; built for King Khufu around 2540 B.C.; one of three still standing in Giza on the west bank of the Nile
First female pharaoh who expanded Egypt through trade
a legendary Sumerian king who was the hero of an epic collection of mythic stories
supplying land with water through a network of canals
a professional writer who kept records and copied letters and official documents
a huge stone slab inscribed with hieroglyphics, Greek, and a later form of Egyptian that allowed historians to understand Egyptian writing
Chinese dynasty (221-207 B.C.E.) that was founded by Qin Shihuangdi and was marked by the first unification of China and the early construction of defensive walls.
a multistoried Chinese tower, usually associated with a temple.
the Aryans system of social classes in India and one of the cornerstones of Hinduism religion, in which each person is born into a cast (which were more than 3000); and can only move into a different caste through reincarnation.
The writing-paper of the ancient Egyptians, and later of the Romans.
the chief temple of the Greek goddess Athena on the hill of the Acropolis in Athens, Greece
Greek "child-guide" "tutor" ; accompanied boy to school, carried books, and teaching him good manners and good conduct to living
- Spartan women were required to be in shape, and started physical training at age 7 and competed in their own athletic events (not Olympics).
- Athenian women had less right and and weren't allowed to compete with men or participate in parties.
Girls and boys were educated in school until age 12. Boys took classes in rhetoric
Ability to speak in public and persuade listeners to your way of
In ancient Rome, the supreme governing body, originally made up only of aristocrats.
a Roman outdoor arena in which public games, such as chariot races, were held
A pipe or channel built to carry water between distant places
Existed from 27 BCE to about 400 CE. Conquiered entire Mediterranean coast and most of Europe. Ruled by an emperor. Eventually oversaw the rise and spread of Christianity.
The ancient Roman state from 509 BC until Augustus assumed power in 27 BC. was governed by an elected Senate but dissatisfaction with the Senate led to civil wars that culminated in a brief dictatorship by Julius Caesar.
The Law of the 12 Tables
Roman Laws displayed in the Roman Forum (public place), written on 12 bronze tablets. Guaranteed eual rights for the citizens.
The language of ancient Rome that became the foundation of many western European languages, including English.
Powerful city in Ancient Greece that was run like a military state. It competed with Athens for dominance
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Final Study Guide Social Studies
History Test 1 - Please add terms!
WHAP PERIOD 1 TEXTBOOK NOTES PT.1
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Journeys Lesson 14
Grammar Unit 2 Practice
Grammar Unit 2 THEORY
Journeys Vocabulary lesson 5