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BioPsych Chapter 3 Test
Terms in this set (48)
Conscious recall of people, places, objects—you can tell someone about it
Ability to keep an incident or fact in mind while consciously attending to it.
First factor in the list that slows age-related memory loss.
high levels education
Next factor in the list that slows age-related memory loss.
Increased Activity Level
Last factor in the list that slows age-related memory loss.
Enhanced Efficacy Levels
The transfer of a memory from short-term to long-term storage
Famous case of complete explicit anterograde amnesia due to bilateral medial temporal lobectomy
At one time, the study of learning and memory was almost exclusively focused in this brain location.
A hummingbird does not revisit flowers from which it has emptied the nectar.
What is this?
Radial Arm Maze
This behavior should show habituation.
Most sensitive task demonstrating spatial learning
Morris Water Maze
Dr. Huda Zoghbi used this test to measure the degree of anxiety in mice.
Open Field Test
Whether a person "feels" male or female appears to depend upon
the hormones the brain was exposed to during development
Masculinization or feminization of genitalia during development most likely depends upon
the ratio of testosterone to estrogen
When we encode memories, we record
the meaning (to us) of what happened
Normally the hormones to which a developing brain is exposed will be determined by
the mother's diet
Girls tend to process language
on both sides of their brain
Most boys process language
on the left side of their brain
Large decreases in mental function are an inevitable result of aging
Girls have greater speech fluency than boys, perhaps because
they process language on both sides of their brain
Boys are better at visualizing things in three dimensions than girls are. On average, this ability gap
never goes away
Signals "by land and by sea"—neural and endocrine output
Most distinctly sexually dimorphic region of the human brain
What do rehearsal, using multiple sensory modalities, and attaching emotion do?
Which of these is NOT regulated by the hypothalamus?
Monkeys raised in the absence of adult animals
show some gender specific behavior
Who has the larger sexually dimorphic nucleus?
Which is most affected by pollution of lakes and streams?
pelicans (eat fish)
Which is most affected by pollution of the ocean?
Killer whales (eat sea lions)
The infundibular stalk
connects hypothalamus and pituitary
Which of these things could NOT be the result of artificial estrogens?
increase in the size of the sexually dimorphic nucleus in male humans
Women pick up emotions faster from female faces. and men pick up emotions faster from male faces
Men react to emotion with action.
Spatial reasoning is better in women than in men.
Dyslexia, autism and ADD occur more often in boys than girls
Women pick up emotions faster from faces
Male brains shrink faster than female brains with age.
By the time they are old enough to go to school, girls are a full year ahead of boys in terms of brain development.
Baby girls crawl faster and earlier than baby boys.
The age of puberty has more influence on verbal/spatial ability than does gender.
Men recover better from strokes than women do.
Over the last 100 years, the average age when girls enter puberty has dropped by 5 years.
The hypothalamus has neurons that direct the activity of the pituitary through axons they have extended into the pituitary.
The hypothalamus has neurons that direct the activity of the pituitary by releasing hormones into the network of capillaries surrounding the pituitary.
A decrease in the startle response is caused by habituation.
As an important part of the limbic system, the hypothalamus controls feeding, fighting, fleeing, and forgetting.
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