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35 terms

AP Psychology Chapter 3 MIDTERM

STUDY
PLAY
behavior genetics
The study of the relative power and limits of genetic and environmental influences on behavior and personality traits is known as...
gene
A segment of DNA capable of synthesizing a specific protein is called a...
chromosomes
The threadlike structures that contain genes are called...
genetic predispositions
Studies of identical twins who had been reared apart most clearly highlight the importance of ___ in personality development.
political attitudes
Adoptive parents are most likely to influence the ___ of their adopted children.
emotional excitability
An infant's temperament refers most directly to its...
twin studies
In order to estimate trait heritability, researchers are most likely to make use of...
monozygotic twins
Which type of siblings share 100 percent of their genes?
they are formed when 2 different eggs are fertilized by different sperm cells
Which of the following are characteristics of dizygotic twins...
natural selection
Evolutionary Psychology studies the evolution of behavior and the mind using principles of...
mutation
A random error in gene replication is known as...
reproductive success
Evolutionary psychologists emphasize that environmentally adaptive behaviors are those that have been promoted.
evolutionary
Professor Patterson suggests that men are more likely than women to initiate casual sex because this has historically served to be a more successful reproductive strategy for men than women. The professor's suggestion best illustrates a ___ theory.
providing hindsight explanations for human behaviors
Evolutionary psychologists are most likely to be criticized for...
placenta
Identical twins are most likely to share a similar prenatal environment if they share the same...
neural connections
A stimulating environment is most likely to facilitate the development of a child's...
parental behavior is only one of many factors that influence children's behavior
Parents should not take too much blame for the failures and shortcomings of their children because...
a selection effect
Kids choose peers who share their own attitudes and interests as their friends. This best illustrates...
culture
The enduring traditions, ideas, attitudes, and behaviors shared by a large group of people and transmitted from one generation to the next define their...
norms
The practice of covering your mouth when you cough best illustrates the impact of...
personal space
Even though many chairs in the library study area are unoccupied, Wang chooses to sit right next to Chung. Chung is likely to feel uncomfortable because Wang has violated his...
love
In comparison to 40 years ago, American women today are more likely to marry for the sake of...
individualism
A willingness to switch jobs and move from one part of the country to another best illustrates one of the consequences of...
social harmony
A collectivist culture is especially likely to emphasize the importance of...
family loyalty
Popel living in a culture that promotes collectivism are more likely than those in individualist culture to report experiencing
individualism
Innovation and creativity are most likely to be appreciated in a culture characterized by...
nonconformity
Parents in Westernized cultures are more likely than parent in Asian cultures to encourage children to value...
tend and befriend
Women are more likely than men to...
testosterone
Female children are most likely to act like tomboys if they were exposed to excess ___ during their prenatal development.
the sperm contributes a Y chromosome
The fertilized egg will develop into a boy if, at conception...
a set of expected behaviors for males and females
Gender roles refer to...
a biopsychosocial approach
Professor King emphasizes that gender similarities and differences are products of a continuous interplay among genetically predisposed traits, culturally shaped roles, and personally constructed expectations and assumptions. The professor's emphasis best illustrates...
the sense of being male or female
Gender identity refers to...
schemas
Concepts of masculinity and femeinty that influence our perceptions are called gender...
collectivism
The importance of romance in marriage relationships is most strongly emphasized