77 terms

LIT. exam Mags Nelson

exam review. enjoy !
is the dramatic struggle between two forces in a story. Without conflict, there is no plot.
internal conflict
the character wrestles with himself or herself.
external conflict
the conflict is between a character and some outside person or force.
the start of the story; the situation before the action starts.
rising action
the series of conflict and crisis in the story that leads to the climax.
the turning point; the most intense moment-either mentally or in action.
falling action
all of the action which fallows the climax.
the conclusion; the tying together of all of the threads.
a person or other figure that is part of a story.
by reading about the character's struggles, we often learn something about.......
direct characterization
the writer tells readers directly what a character is like.
indirect characterization
the writer reveals characters' traits through: appearance, dialogue, private thoughts, effects on others, actions.
the way writers describe characters' __________: physical features, clothing, and general demeanor- provides insight into their personalities.
reveals a lot about characters. Pay attention to what characters say and how they say it.
private thoughts
reveals what characters think, feel, want, or fear.
characters- what they do and how they do it. Tells a great deal about them.
effects on others
the _______ a character has on others also helps readers understand what the character is like.
coming to a conclusion based on context clues.
when an author gives un human like characteristics to think, feel, and be.
the time and place of the story. Provides a place where the characters can live and act.
setting includes
location of a story, peoples customs- how they live, dress, eat, and behave.
examples of setting
weather,time of day, time period (past, present, future)
Writers carefully select images and details to create a setting that draws us into the story.
examples of imagery
sight, taste, sound, touch, smell.
atmosphere ;Effects the way we feel about the characters.
attitude toward a subject or object.
the person telling the story
; controles everything you know about the characters and events.
point of view
the vantage point from which the story is told.
third person omniscient
narrator is NOT a character in the story: knows all; can tell us everything about every character.
first person point of view
narrator IS a character in the story; uses first person pronouns such as I and me; tells us only what he/she thinks and experiences. called a persona.
17 years old
Naive or Arrogant?
Hated by his brothers, but adored by Jacob, his father
Prophetic Dreamer
Living under God's promise to Abraham

Becomes Egypt's #2 man in charge
Named "Israel" by God
Grandson of Abraham, Son of Isaac
Has 12 sons, but Joseph is his favorite
Saves Joseph's life by convincing the brothers to throw him in a well instead of killing him
Land promised to Abraham
Home to Jacob and his sons
show his brothers bowing down to him

Dream 1: 11 sheaves of grain bowing down to 1
Dream 2: the sun, moon, and stars bow down to him
A device in literature where an object represents an idea.

Example: the covenant walk through animal carcasses; Joseph's dreams
Joseph's Brothers
Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Dan, Naphtali, Gad, Asher, Issachar, Zebulun, Benjamin
a play or film whose action and dialogue consists of singing and dancing
In jail with Joseph
Joseph interpreted his dream that he would one day be let out of jail

Also known as the cupbearer- very trusted by a king
In jail with Joseph
Joseph interpreted his dream that Pharaoh would execute him
Pharaoh (Joseph Story)
Needed someone to interpret his dreams

Dream 1: 7 Skinny Cows Eat 7 Fat Cows
Dream 2: 7 Thin heads of grain swallowed 7 healthy heads of grain
Place where Joseph was taken after being sold into slavery
Golden Cup
Hidden in Benjamin's sack by Joseph
Theme—the central idea, or insight, about life or human behavior that a story reveals
A theme is always a statement, not a subject.

What are some of the themes in Joseph?
A group of words established by usage as having a meaning not deducible from those of the individual words

Example: A lifetime in prison seemed quite in the cards (for Joseph)
Originally named Abram
Hometown: Ur
Married to Sarai
son of Terah and uncle to Lot
Told by God to move his family and possessions to a land that God would show him
Lied to Pharaoh and didn't trust God in the process
Originally named Sarai
married to Abram and mother of Isaac
Barren- could not have children
Lied to God about laughing at his promise of a son
Laughed with joy at the birth of Isaac
The father of Abram
Instructed Abram to leave Ur without telling him where he was going
Made 7 promises to Abram
Required Abram to trust him
Abram's first stop
Terah dies here at 205 years old
Abram's second stop
Abram makes an altar here and worships God publicly
Abram's third stop
Abram lies about Sarai being his sister to protect himself rather than trusting God
Pharaoh (Abraham Story)
ruler of Ancient Egypt
Takes Sarai to be his wife before he knows that she is actually Abram's wife
Abram's hometown
In Mesopotamia and Sumer
the process by which the writer reveals the personality of a character
a community of people that shares territory
Any raised place or structure on which sacrifices may be offered
1) a usually formal, solemn, and binding agreement

2) a written agreement or promise usually under seal between two or more parties especially for the performance of some action

Example: God's covenant with Abraham
Extreme exaggeration

Example: God telling Abram his offspring will outnumber the stars
God promised Abram that his descendants would be innumerable
Free from guilt or sin;
Genesis 15:6 "Abram believed the Lord, and he credited it to him as righteousness."
a person who inherits some title or possesion
Abram's Reward
the use of hints and clues to suggest what will happen later in a plot
The number of years between God telling Abraham that he would have a son and Isaac's birth
Son of Abraham and Sarah;
name means "Laughter"
1) Abraham and Sarah's response of DOUBT to God promising them a child at the ages of 99 and 89.
2) Abraham and Sarah's response of JOY to the birth of Isaac
3) the meaning of Isaac's name
territory over which rule or control is exercised

Example: Your bedroom
authority; rule; area of influence
a figure of speech that expresses a resemblance between things of different kinds (usually formed with 'like' or 'as')
A story providing a history or background context, especially for a character situation in a literary work, film, dramatic series
When a character tellls about something that happened in the past
the idea on which the story is built. main idea or lesson that the character learns. central idea, insight about life.
subject vs theme
Subject: the topic. single word Theme central idea.
Moses first 40 years
Spent two years with real mother
Raised in luxurary of Egyptian palace.
Adoped by Pharaoh's daughter.
highly educated
Misguided idea of leadership.
Middle 40 years
Moses marries Zippora and works for Jethtro\
He rescues Jethro's daughter's from bulling sheperds at the well.
Shepered spends long days in the fields.
bitter humiliation in his fall from royalty
Last 40 years
GOD calls Moses back to Egypt!