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77 terms

LIT. exam Mags Nelson

exam review. enjoy !
STUDY
PLAY
conflict
is the dramatic struggle between two forces in a story. Without conflict, there is no plot.
internal conflict
the character wrestles with himself or herself.
external conflict
the conflict is between a character and some outside person or force.
exposition
the start of the story; the situation before the action starts.
rising action
the series of conflict and crisis in the story that leads to the climax.
climax
the turning point; the most intense moment-either mentally or in action.
falling action
all of the action which fallows the climax.
resolution
the conclusion; the tying together of all of the threads.
character
a person or other figure that is part of a story.
ourselves
by reading about the character's struggles, we often learn something about.......
direct characterization
the writer tells readers directly what a character is like.
indirect characterization
the writer reveals characters' traits through: appearance, dialogue, private thoughts, effects on others, actions.
appearance
the way writers describe characters' __________: physical features, clothing, and general demeanor- provides insight into their personalities.
dialogue
reveals a lot about characters. Pay attention to what characters say and how they say it.
private thoughts
reveals what characters think, feel, want, or fear.
actions
characters- what they do and how they do it. Tells a great deal about them.
effects on others
the _______ a character has on others also helps readers understand what the character is like.
inference
coming to a conclusion based on context clues.
personification
when an author gives un human like characteristics to think, feel, and be.
setting
the time and place of the story. Provides a place where the characters can live and act.
setting includes
location of a story, peoples customs- how they live, dress, eat, and behave.
examples of setting
weather,time of day, time period (past, present, future)
imagery
Writers carefully select images and details to create a setting that draws us into the story.
examples of imagery
sight, taste, sound, touch, smell.
mood
atmosphere ;Effects the way we feel about the characters.
tone
attitude toward a subject or object.
narrator
the person telling the story
; controles everything you know about the characters and events.
point of view
the vantage point from which the story is told.
third person omniscient
narrator is NOT a character in the story: knows all; can tell us everything about every character.
first person point of view
narrator IS a character in the story; uses first person pronouns such as I and me; tells us only what he/she thinks and experiences. called a persona.
Joseph
17 years old
Naive or Arrogant?
Hated by his brothers, but adored by Jacob, his father
Prophetic Dreamer
Living under God's promise to Abraham

Becomes Egypt's #2 man in charge
Jacob
Named "Israel" by God
Grandson of Abraham, Son of Isaac
Has 12 sons, but Joseph is his favorite
Reuben
Saves Joseph's life by convincing the brothers to throw him in a well instead of killing him
Canaan
Land promised to Abraham
Home to Jacob and his sons
Dreams
Joseph's
show his brothers bowing down to him

Dream 1: 11 sheaves of grain bowing down to 1
Dream 2: the sun, moon, and stars bow down to him
Symbolism
A device in literature where an object represents an idea.

Example: the covenant walk through animal carcasses; Joseph's dreams
Joseph's Brothers
Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Dan, Naphtali, Gad, Asher, Issachar, Zebulun, Benjamin
Musical
a play or film whose action and dialogue consists of singing and dancing
Butler
In jail with Joseph
Joseph interpreted his dream that he would one day be let out of jail

Also known as the cupbearer- very trusted by a king
Baker
In jail with Joseph
Joseph interpreted his dream that Pharaoh would execute him
Pharaoh (Joseph Story)
Needed someone to interpret his dreams

Dream 1: 7 Skinny Cows Eat 7 Fat Cows
Dream 2: 7 Thin heads of grain swallowed 7 healthy heads of grain
Egypt
Place where Joseph was taken after being sold into slavery
Golden Cup
Hidden in Benjamin's sack by Joseph
Theme
Theme—the central idea, or insight, about life or human behavior that a story reveals
A theme is always a statement, not a subject.

What are some of the themes in Joseph?
Idiom
A group of words established by usage as having a meaning not deducible from those of the individual words

Example: A lifetime in prison seemed quite in the cards (for Joseph)
Abraham
Originally named Abram
Hometown: Ur
Married to Sarai
son of Terah and uncle to Lot
Told by God to move his family and possessions to a land that God would show him
Lied to Pharaoh and didn't trust God in the process
Sarah
Originally named Sarai
married to Abram and mother of Isaac
Barren- could not have children
Lied to God about laughing at his promise of a son
Laughed with joy at the birth of Isaac
Terah
The father of Abram
God
Instructed Abram to leave Ur without telling him where he was going
Made 7 promises to Abram
Required Abram to trust him
Haran
Abram's first stop
Terah dies here at 205 years old
Canaan
Abram's second stop
Abram makes an altar here and worships God publicly
Egypt
Abram's third stop
Abram lies about Sarai being his sister to protect himself rather than trusting God
Pharaoh (Abraham Story)
ruler of Ancient Egypt
Takes Sarai to be his wife before he knows that she is actually Abram's wife
Ur
Abram's hometown
In Mesopotamia and Sumer
Polytheistic
Characterization
the process by which the writer reveals the personality of a character
Nation
a community of people that shares territory
Altar
Any raised place or structure on which sacrifices may be offered
Covenant
1) a usually formal, solemn, and binding agreement

2) a written agreement or promise usually under seal between two or more parties especially for the performance of some action

Example: God's covenant with Abraham
Hyperbole
Extreme exaggeration

Example: God telling Abram his offspring will outnumber the stars
Stars/Descendants
God promised Abram that his descendants would be innumerable
Righteous
Free from guilt or sin;
Genesis 15:6 "Abram believed the Lord, and he credited it to him as righteousness."
heir
a person who inherits some title or possesion
Abram's Reward
God
Foreshadowing
the use of hints and clues to suggest what will happen later in a plot
25
The number of years between God telling Abraham that he would have a son and Isaac's birth
Isaac
Son of Abraham and Sarah;
name means "Laughter"
Laughter
1) Abraham and Sarah's response of DOUBT to God promising them a child at the ages of 99 and 89.
2) Abraham and Sarah's response of JOY to the birth of Isaac
3) the meaning of Isaac's name
Domain
territory over which rule or control is exercised

Example: Your bedroom
Dominion
authority; rule; area of influence
Simile
a figure of speech that expresses a resemblance between things of different kinds (usually formed with 'like' or 'as')
Backstory
A story providing a history or background context, especially for a character situation in a literary work, film, dramatic series
Flashback
When a character tellls about something that happened in the past
Theme
the idea on which the story is built. main idea or lesson that the character learns. central idea, insight about life.
subject vs theme
Subject: the topic. single word Theme central idea.
Moses first 40 years
Spent two years with real mother
Raised in luxurary of Egyptian palace.
Adoped by Pharaoh's daughter.
highly educated
Angereissues
Misguided idea of leadership.
Middle 40 years
Moses marries Zippora and works for Jethtro\
He rescues Jethro's daughter's from bulling sheperds at the well.
Shepered spends long days in the fields.
bitter humiliation in his fall from royalty
Last 40 years
GOD calls Moses back to Egypt!