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World History Chapter 13 & 14
Terms in this set (73)
The era in European history that followed the fall of the Roman Empire, lasting from about 500 to 1500- also called the medieval period:
A Germanic people who settled in the Roman province of Gaul (roughly the area now occupied by France) and established a great empire during the Middle Ages.
A religious community of men (called monks) who have given up their possessions to devote themselves to a life of prayer and worship.
Concerned with worldly rather than spiritual matters.
A dynasty of Frankish rulers, lasting from A.D. 751 to 981.
Known as Charles the great, who seized control of the entire Frankish kindom.
The leader of the Franks who brought Christianity to their region.
The dynasty that replaced the Roman Empire and named after Clovis's legendary ancestor Meroveg.
An Italian monk who wrote a book of strict yet practical rules for monasteries.
Benedict's sister who headed a convent and set similar principles for women.
A person who controlled land and could therefore grant estates to vassals.
An estate granted to a vassal by a lord under the feudal system in medieval Europe.
In feudal Europe, a person who received a grant of land from a lord in exchange for a pledge of loyalty and services.
An armored warrior who fought on horseback.
A medieval peasant legally bound to live on a lord's estate.
A lord's estate.
A family's payment of one-tenth of its income to a church.
Land to the north-east of England, where the Vikings were from.
A Viking explorer, who reached North America around 1000 A.D.
A way of demonstrating power in an empire.
A code of behavior for knights in medieval Europe, stressing ideals such as courage, loyalty, and devotion.
A mock battle between groups of knights.
A medieval poet and musician who traveled from place to place, entertaining people with songs of courtly love.
The home of the lord and his family and their servants and knights.
A blockage staged by enemy armies trying to capture a fortress.
A device that flung huge rocks into castle walls from a distance up to 1,300 feet.
A giant slingshot that propelled objects up to a distance of 980 feet.
A body of officials who perform religious services—such as priests, ministers, or rabbis.
One of the Christian ceremonies in which God's grace is transmitted to people.
The body of laws governing the religious practices of a Christian church.
Holy Roman Empire
An empire established in Europe in the 10th century A.D., originally consisting mainly of lands in what is now Germany.
The appointment of religious officials by kings or nobles.
Banishment from the church.
Concordat of worms
The church could grant a bishop his ring and staff, symbols of Church office. Yet the emperor had veto power.
The selling or buying of a position in a Christian Church.
A style of church architecture that developed in medieval Europe.
A pope who called for a Crusade to gain the holy land.
One of the expeditions in which medieval Christian warriors sought to recover control of the Holy Land from the Muslims.
Richard the Lion-Hearted
The English king and one of the three monarchs who led the third crusade.
The effort by Christian leaders to drive the Muslims out of Spain, lasting from the 1100s until 1492.
A Roman Catholic tribunal for investigating and prosecuting charges of heresy.
Religious devotion and reverence for God.
The position or office of the pope.
Took place twice. Neither were successful. Led the deaths of thousands of Kids.
A style of church architecture from 800 B.C. to 1100 B.C.
Palestine; the area where Jesus had lived and preached.
Three field system
A successful farming method developed in medieval Europe that divides land into 3 equally sized fields.
A medieval association of people working at the same occupation.
The everyday language of people in a region or country.
Wrote "The Divine Comedy"
Wrote "The Canterbury Tales"
Wrote "The City of Ladies"
Scholars who gathered and taught at medieval European universities.
A journey to a sacred place or shrine.
William the Conqueror
The duke of Normandy that conquered the Vikings and invaded Normandy.
An English king who married Eleanor of Aquitaine.
Eleanor of Aquitaine
Married Kind Henry the Third and brought land from France into her marriage.
A document guaranteeing basic political rights in England.
A body of representatives that makes laws for a nation.
Called Phillip Augustus, who was one of the most powerful Capetians.
Philip's grandson who made France even stronger and was made a saint by the Catholic church.
Battle of Hastings
On October 14, 1066 the Normans and the Saxons fought and changed the course of English history.
Law methods used by England's royal judges and English speaking countries today.
Citizens of wealth and property.
House of Commons
A group of knights and burgesses in parliament.
House of Lords
A group of Nobles and Bishops in parliament.
A division in the medieval Roman Catholic Church, during which rival popes were established in Avignon and in Rome.
A professor that taught that the bible holds more power than the pope.
A deadly disease that spread across Asia and Europe in the mid-14th century, killing millions of people.
Hundred Years' war
A conflict in which England and France battled on French soil on and off from 1337 to 1453.
Joan of Arc
A French teenage peasant who felt that heavenly voices told her to drive the English out of France. She led a French army to victory over the English.
Nickname for the bubonic plague, named after the black spots on skin.
War of the Roses
A fight between nobles who wanted the throne, but lead the parliament to become stronger.
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