50 terms

Art 1 Midterm Vocabulary Review

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A lighter value of a hue made by adding white to it.
tint
A circular diagram showing the spectrum of colors and their relation to one another.
color wheel
A principle of design concerned with differences in the elements of a composition to add interest to an artwork.
variety
Free forms, or shapes and forms that represent living things having irregular edges, as distinguished from the regular edges of geometric shapes.
organic shapes
The space around an object or figure.
negative space
This describes an artwork based on a subject you name in the artwork, but with few or no details. Parts of the objects may be rearranged.
abstract
Handwriting or letters formed by hand. Elegant penmanship usually featuring a precise line.
calligraphy
Line, shape, form, color, value, space, and texture. The building blocks the artist works with to create an artwork.
elements of art
An explanation of the meaning of an artwork.
interpretation
Unity, variety, emphasis, rhythm, movement, balance, pattern, and proportion. The effects that may result when the art elements are structured to achieve a successful composition.
principles of design
A systematic discussion of the characteristics of an artwork, usually involving four stages: description, analysis, interpretation, and evaluation.
art criticism
Two colors that are directly opposite each other on the color wheel, meaning they are in extreme contrast with each other.
complementary colors
A figure of speech in which a word or phrase referring to one thing or idea is applied to something different.
metaphor
A listing of the facts in an artwork, such as objects, people, shapes, and colors.
description
One color that is modified by changing the values and saturation of the hue by additions of black or white.
monochromatic
An element of art that is used to define space, contours, and outlines, or suggest mass and volume.
Line
Lines that are indicated indirectly in artworks by positioning several objects or figures in a row.
implied line
A process used to determine the quality or lasting importance of a work.
evaluation
A flat enclosed space defined by other art elements such as line, color, and texture.
shape
The surface quality of an artwork usually perceived through the sense of touch. However, it can also be implied, perceived visually though not felt through touch.
texture
An element of art that indicates areas between, around, above, below, or within something.
space
A principle of design related to the sense of wholeness that results from the successful combination of the elements of an artwork.
unity
The property of color that gives it its name.
hue
Shading using closely spaced, parallel lines; used to suggest light and shadow.
hatching
Objects made of clay and fired in a kiln to a permanent form. These can be sculpture or pottery.
ceramics
A horizontal line across a picture picture-plane which establishes the viewer's eye level or height of view.
horizon line
Artworks that have no recognizable subject matter.
nonobjective art
An element of art that appears three-dimensional and encloses volume such as a cube, sphere, pyramid, or cylinder.
form
Lines that define the outer edges of forms and surfaces within a form, such as shapes or wrinkles and folds.
contour line
Those with the training, experience, and commitment that gives them the authority to make judgements in order to determine when something is art.
art critics
Those hues in which yellow and red are dominant.
warm colors
Mechanical, human-made shapes such as squares, triangles, circles. These shapes have regular edges as opposed to the irregular edges of organic shapes.
geometric shapes
Color harmonies or combinations of colors generally considered aesthetically pleasing or used to create a certain effect.
color schemes
Colors that are next to each other on the color wheel and are closely related.
analogous colors
Those analogous colors in which blue is dominant.
cool colors
A principle of design referring to the arrangement of visual elements to create stability in an artwork.
balance
The materials, such as acrylic paint, watercolor, pencil, or clay used to create an artwork.
medium
The degree of purity, saturation, or strength of a color.
intensity
Colors produced by mixing a primary color and the adjacent secondary color on the color wheel.
intermediate colors
Variations in the darkness of color made by adding black to the color.
shade
Bands of colored light created when white light is passed through a prism.
spectrum
An element of art concerned with the degree of lightness and darkness of colors.
value
The things that are represented in an artwork, such as people, buildings, trees, etc.
subject matter
Colors that result from a mixture of two primary colors.
secondary colors
An art element with three properties: hue, value, and intensity.
color
A technique of creating the illusion of depth on a flat surface. All parallel lines receding into the distance are drawn to converge at one or more vanishing points on the horizon line.
linear perspective
A technique in which the artist creates the illusion of depth by placing one object in front of another.
overlapping
Shading created by crossed parallel lines.
crosshatching
The three basic colors, red, yellow, and blue, from which it is possible to mix all other colors.
primary colors
A point on the eye-level line where lines meet in perspective drawing.
vanishing point
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