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The Dietary Guidelines were issued in response to
over-consumption of energy, fat, cholesterol, and alcohol
Kathy consumes 1900 kilocalories each day. She requires 1750 kilocalories to meet daily energy needs. Over time, Kathy's kcalorie consumption could lead to
Which of the following is a description of chyme?
A watery mixture of partially digested food released by the stomach into the intestine
Two tablespoons (tbsp) of salad dressing, peanut butter, or margarine is about the size of a
The psychological desire to eat that accompanies the sight, smell, or thought of food is known as:
Weight gain during college may be a result of
stressful life changes
abundant access to unhealthy food choices
all of these choices are correct
Adequate Intakes (AI)
include nutrients of which there is not enough information on which to set RDA's
The ring-like muscles that retard or prevent backflow of partially digested food into the gastrointestinal tract are called
Minerals can be described as
inorganic molecules regulating chemical reactions and comprising part of some body structures
Carbohydrates, lipids, and protein all contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Which one also contains nitrogen?
Which of the following is true about the way we should eat to acheive good nutritional status?
Eat a wide variety of foods because no single natural food meets all human nutrient needs.
Which statement best describes the healthful diet principle of moderation?
Plan your entire day's diet so you don't overconsume nutrient sources.
These protein-based substances enhance digestion by making chemical reactions more likely to happen:
After digestion and absorption, which circulatory system carries fat and fat-soluble vitamins?
Which of the following is true about the North American diet?
Approximately half of our carbohydrates come from simple sugars.
The primary physiological drive to find and eat food, mostly regulated by innate cues to eating is known as:
One cup of apple juice has 111 kcalories and 1.4 mg of Vitamin C. The same serving size of orange juice has 112 kcalories and 124 mg of Vitamin C. Which of the following is true regarding their nutrient density?
Orange juice is more Vitamin C nutrient dense than apple juice.
The RDA's for nutrients are
designed to meet nutrient needs for specific classes of people, children, the elderly, and during pregnancy
You have just had a snack that contains 9 grams of fat, 2 grams of protein, and 5 grams of carbohydrate. How many calories does it contain?
Weighing and measuring portion sizes is an example of applying which of the following to your diet?
The Choose My Plate guidelines recommend that we be physically active for at least how many days of the week?
Information that must be lawfully provided on food labels includes all of the following except:
the amount recommended for ingestion each day
Which statement best describes the healthful diet principle of balance?
Consume a variety of foods from MyPyramid's five major food groups each day.
Which of the following is true about the energy content of nutrients?
Lipids supply 9 kilocalories per gram.
Mary visits a doctor because she feels tired most of the time, is easily distracted, and feels chilled. As a part of her examination, Mary has blood drawn to be tested for concentrations of nutrients and their by-products. This part of the examination is the
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