Early Japanese Society & Geography
Terms in this set (48)
chain of islands
major geographic feature of Japan; made farming difficult
Japanese belief system that respected nature
the way of the gods; Shinto belief
Served as a cultural bridge between China and Japan
System of exchanging land for service and loyalty
held real power in feudal Japan
warriors in feudla Japan
code of conduct for samurai warriors
Brought order to Japan during feudal times
Policy of the Tokugawa Shogunate; separate Japan from the rest of the world
What is Shinto?
Basis of Japanese culture; ancient system of animistic beliefs/customs
What are the Japanese deities known as?
Kami (the 8 million gods)
Who is the most important Japanese deity?
Who is Amaterasu Omikami?
sun goddess/legendary ancestor of the Imperial family
What royalty promoted Buddhism?
Why is Buddhism/Shinto confusing?
Buddhism was gradually absorbed into local Shinto folk religions; practiced simultaneously
What was the result of the mixture of Buddhism/Shinto?
Hachiman, Shinto God of War, was seen as a Buddhist saint/protector of the Buddha since he helped construct a Buddha statue in the Nara period
What is syncretism?
Mixing of religions
Eighth century relevance to today?
'Shinto-Buddhism coalescence/jumble' = Buddhist monks chant sutras in front of sacred Shinto god homes since they 'need salvation' which helped form shrine-temples
What is Kami?
Spirits of nature worshipped by the first animists of Japan
What is Zen Buddhism?
The school of Buddhism meditation known as Ch'an, Thien, or Seon which refers to dhayana. Japanese meditation practice is called zazen
What is the land between Japan and mainland called? Relevance?
a narrow strip of water that allowed Korean and Japanese language to intermix
Who did Japan predominantly trade with?
China/Korea offered rich materials for borrowing without risk of invasion or interference to Japan
What was China's "first great gift" to Japan?
ideographic writing system
What is the climate in much of Japan?
What protects Japan from winds and high waves of Pacific Ocean?
What does the climate allow Japanese farmers to do?
Harvest rice 2 times a year
What affect does the mountainous region have on Japan?
20% land for living/agriculture
Island chain significance?
Protection from foreign invasion
Strengthening of culture/identity
Perspective of 'most homogenous'
Since race identifies them, they have no problem changing their culture and mixing it with other ones
Who is Amaterasu Omikami?
Sun goddess of Izanagi/Izanami
Descendant founded Japan (land of the rising sun)
Who is Izanami?
Goddess that gave birth to Japan/Amaterasu
Who is Izanagi
God that married Izanami, a marriage that formed Japan
4 Major Japanese Islands, North to South
Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu
Major City on Hokkaido
Major Cities on Honshu, North to South
Sendai, Tokyo, Kawasaki, Yokohama, Nagoya, Kyoto, Osaka, Kobe, Hiroshima
Major City on Kyushu
Capital of North Korea
Capital of South Korea
Islands to the South of Japan
Ryukyu Islands (Okinawa)
Sea to the Southeast of Japan
Ocean to the East of Japan
North Pacific Ocean
Sea to the West of Japan
Sea of Japan/East Sea
Narrow body of Water between the Korean Peninsula and Japan
Sea to the Southwest of Japan
East China Sea
Physical landmark on Honshu
Early capital city of Japan in the Heian Period
Kyoto (present day)
Area of seismic activity throughout and surrounding the Pacific Ocean, causing frequent earthquakes and volcanic eruptions
Ring of Fire
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