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Christian kingdom in the mountains of east Africa?

great Zimbabwe

capital of inland empire whose name means "great stone building"?


center for trade and learning in Mali


capital of Songhai


kingdom in the rain forest of the guinea coast


worlds largest desert?


ancient kingdom located along the fertile land of the upper Nile?


What is the Kingdom of the Soninke People located between the Niger and Sengal rivers?

iron ore

The Nubian capital of Meroe was an important producer of ________.


The kingdom of _______ had a port on the Red Sea.


monsoon winds aided trade between east Africa and what other country?


what religious tradition did the axumites pars on to the Ethiopia


what group of people developed expert knowledge of the natural world by adapting to life in the Kalahari?

coast line, rain forest, high plateaus and Sahara

what geographic barriers hindered movement in Africa?

Nubian created their ow system of writing using an alphabet.
they worship their own god

how did Nubia prosper?

the Romans built roads ,clams , aqueducts and cities across north Africa

how did the Romans influence northern Africa ?

the savanna traded gold in return of salt because they need salt for their diets and hydration

describe the network of the gold salt trade between the people in the savanna and the people in the Sahara

mansa musa perform the firth pillar (the hajj) he was influential to the kingdom of Mali because he expanded

why was mansa musa so in influential to the kingdom of Mali

history and traditional folk tale

The griots of West Africa preserved _______ traditions.

Asika Muhammad

Who set up a Muslim dynasty in Songhai?

mansa musa

_______ was the ruler who made a hajj that resulted in trading and diplomatic ties between Mali and other Muslim states.


The lack of these presented a barrier to the movement of people and
goods in Africa.

its mineral wealth

Africa's trade has always been spurred by this.

its location along a vast trade network

Meroë lasted for hundreds of years in part due to this


The wealth of Carthage arose from this

camel caravans

Trade across the Sahara was revolutionized by this

gold and salt

The Sahara trade was dominated by what two products?

by collecting a toll on all goods entering or leaving Ghana

How did the ruler of Ghana profit from the trade routes that met
in his empire?

military technology

What did the king of Ghana gradually absorb from Muslim traders?

by completing the hajj

How did Mansa Musa forge new trading and diplomatic ties with Muslim states?

by establishing separate government departments

What is one way in which Askia Muhammad improved the government
of Songhai?

strategic location

Axum profited from its

first beneficial, then a drawback.

Axum's conversion to Christianity was

absorbed many traditions

Over the centuries, Ethiopian Christians

marriages between Africans and non-African Muslims.

The spread of Muslim culture in East African city-states was furthered by

includes porcelain from China

Evidence of Zimbabwe's importance as a trading center


One reason Zimbabwe declined was

hunting and gathering

In dry desert areas, people adapted by practicing

matrilineal or patrilineal

Families in Africa might be either _________ or ___________ .


Africans identified __________ with divine spirits.


Art in Africa was closely tied to


The Nubian capital of Meroë was an important producer of

. Mansa Musa

Which of the following rulers made a hajj that resulted in trading and diplomatic ties between Mali and other Muslim states?

Red Sea.

Axum prospered partly because it had a port on the

converting to Christianity

King Ezana of Axum strengthened ties with the Mediterranean world by

Kinship ties came through the father's side.

Which of the following statements describes a patrilineal culture?

believing in a supreme being

6.Which of the following practices represents an adaptation to the environment?

_______ was founded in Ethiopia

The Coptic Church

_________ did not influence early North African civilizations


According to the passage, the effect of mining wealth was

to make Spain's king stronger in Europe for awhile

advanced civilization near the Pacific coast, not far south of the border of Ecuador


All of the following statements are true of Axum EXCEPT:

Axum fell shortly after Africa converted to Islam.

all young inca women were required to serve in the army


Ancient kingdom located along the fertile land of the upper Nile


areas of Mexico and Central America that were civilized before the Spaniards arrived


Axum conquered and absorbed


Axum prospered partly because it had a port on the

Red Sea

Aztec god who took the form of a feathered serpent


Aztec monarch


Aztec monarch who initially welcomed the Spaniards


Aztec religion was based on belief in a struggle between

good and evil

Based on the map, which of the following statements is true

Incan civilization included former Moche and Chimor lands

Capital of inland empire whose name means great stone buildings

Great Zimbabwe

Capital of Songhai


conqueror of Atahuallpa


conqueror of the Aztec


conqueror of the Inca capital


disease carried to Mesoamerica by Europeans


earliest known civilization of Mesoamerica


established their capital at Tenochtitlán, on an island in the middle of Lake Texcoco


Ethiopians learned Christian traditions from

their Axumite ancestors

Historians can trace the migration of the Bantu people by their

root language

In contrast to Egyptian art, the art Nubia was more


In what modern-day country was Potosi located


Inca women might expect to do any of the following EXPECT

serve in the army

King Ezana of Axum strengthened ties with the Mediterranean world by

converting to Christianity

King of Mali


Kingdom of the Soninke people located between the Niger and Senegal rivers


Machu Picchu was

a city built by the Inca, and serves as the finest example of Incan architecture

Mayan cities were built around a central


Monsoon winds aided trade between East Africa and


montezuma II did not attack cortes initially because

he believed Cortes was the Aztec god Quetzalcoatl

one of the factors that contributed to the downfall of both the inca and the aztec empires was their

lack of the natural immunity to diseases that the Spanish brought them from Europe

Pachacuti was their powerful ruler in the 1440s


Process by which a desert spreads


records system using knotted string


Rulers of the Mayan city-states claimed

to be descended from gods

Since the Inca lacked a writing system, they

kept records using a system of knotted strings called the quipu

the aztec capital was built on an island in the middle of lake texcoco


The Aztecs practiced human sacrifice in order to

to fight off diseases brought to their civilization by European explorers

The Great Zimbabwe controlled the gold trade in ______.

South Africa

The Inca civilization built their massive army by requiring

that all men join in the service

The Inca were conquered by Spanish force led by


The Incan Empire was organized into quarters and clans, each ruled by a prince.


The kingdoms of Songhai, Ghana, and Mali were all centered around

the gold and salt trade

The largest Mayan city w? over 100,000 inhabitants


The largest West African state was forged by

Sonni Ali

the mayans created a sophisticated writing system based on hieroglyphs which

Spanish conquerors made no effort to decipher, deciding instead to burn Mayan books

The new Aztec kingdom was

a collection of semi-independent territories

The Nubian capital of Meroe was important producer of


The triangular trade network of 200 B.C. - A.D. 400 was between Africa, the Mediterranean, and __________.


used both a solar calendar and a sacred calendar for measuring time


What religious tradition did the Axumites pass on to the Ethiopians


What was placed over the high alter of the temple at Cuzco

an image of the sun

What was the Triangle of Trade

It was a trade network established between Africa, the Mediterranean and India

Where was Nubian Kingdom located

along the Upper Nile

which city was located within the toltec heartland


which of the following is not a theory for the decline of the mayan civilization

a lack of invention and adaptation

Which of the following leaders set up a Muslim dynasty in Songhai

Askia Muhammad

Which of the following rulers made a hajj that resulted in trading and diplomatic ties between Mali and other Muslim states?

Mansa Musa

Which of the following statements is not a result of Ethiopia interacting with other cultures

The language in Ethiopia blended w/ other African dialiects

Which of the following were not discovered in the ruins of Great Zimbabwe


Who was Apendemak

both a and b

Why did the farming villages of West Africa expand?

They began accumulating a surplus of crops

With the capital moved to Meroe, Nubians controlled trade in

both a and b

World's largest desert


Along with Italy, a key center for change in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries was

the Iberian peninsula

By 1500, agriculture was

largely diffused throughout the Americas, although not always in sedentary agricultural communities.

How did the Aztecs view the cultural achievements of the Toltecs?

as the givers of civilization

In all Mesoamerican civilzations the highest social status was given to


In comparison to medieval culture, Renaissance culture was

more concerned with things of the earthly world.

In what region of Europe did the Renaissance begin?


The Aztec innovation in intensive agriculture in the aquatic environments of the lakes of central Mexico was the development of


The key theme of Polynesian culture from the seventh century to1400 was

spurts of migration and conquest that implanted Polynesian culture beyond the inital base in the Society Islands.

The mita labor system was used by the


The practice of judgine other peoples by the standards and practices of one's own culture of


The religious practice most closely associated with the state and the person of the Inca in Andean civilization was the cult of

human sacrifice

What Italin city-state was best placed to engage in the new, wester-oriented commercial ventures of the fifteenth century?


What was the Aztec view of history?

Like other Mesoamerican peoples, the Aztecs believed in a cyclical pattern of repetitive destructions of the world.

What was the impact of expansion and conquest on the Aztec social system?

From a loose association of clans, Aztec society became a stratified society.

What was the Inca practice of split inheritance?

All political power and titles went to the ruler's successor, but his wealth was kept in the hands of the male descendants to support the cult of the dead Inca's mummy.

What was the nature of the AAztec economy?

The Aztec state redistributed many goods recieved as tribute, but there was a specialized merchant class that also handeled long-distance trade in rare commodities.

What was unique about the development of states in the Iberian peninsula?

Spain and Portugal developed effectuve new governments with a special sense of religious mission and religious support.

Which of following was not a reason used by the Ming dynasty to halt the trading expeditions?

the technological inferiority of Chinese ships and navigation

Which of the following civilizations first attempted to fill the commercial vacuum created by the decline in Arabic trade?


Which of the following did not occur as a result of the Aztec rise to power?

the abandoment of human sacrifice

Which of the following existed in the Aztec empire, but not in the Inca empire?

an extensive merchan class

Which of the following represents a cultural difference between the Incas and Aztecs?

lack of a writing system

Which of the following represents a significant difference between the Andean and Mesoamerican civilizations?

climate and geography

Which of the following statements about the population of the Americas is most true?

The population of the Americas was nearly the same as that of contemporary Europe(not including Russia).

Which of the following statements concerning Arabic trade after1100 is most accurate?

Although Arabic dynamism in trade was reduced, Muslims remined active in world markets.

Which of the following statements concerning Aztec religion is most accurate?

Aztec deities were numerous and had different forms or manifestations somewhat like the avatars of the Hindu deities.

Which of the following statements concerning the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan is not accurate?

Despite the existence of thousands of houses and other varieties of domestic architecture, unlike other Mesoamerican cities it lacked a temple complex.

Which of the following statements concerning the Ottoman Empire is most accurate?

Turkish rulers did not promote maritime trade as vigorously as had the Arabs.

Which of the following statements concerning the Ottoman Empire is most accurate?

The expansionist power of the Ottoman Empire was very real, but the focus on conquest and adminstration overshadowed wider commercial ambitions.

Which of the following statements concerning the politciccal fragmentation of the Arabic world is most accurate?

After the fall of the Abbasid Caliphate, the emerging Ottoman Empire soon mastered most of the lands of the old caliphate plus the Byzantine corner.

Which of the following statements is most accurate?

Because of internal weaknesses, both the Inca and the Aztec empires were receding and might not have survived, even if the Europeans had not arrived.

Which of the following was not a characteristic of American civilizations during the post-classic period?


Which of the following was not a contributing factor to the economic crises of the fourteenth century?

withdrawal from the global trading network

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