Retroviruses have a RNA genome rather than a DNA genome. These viruses convert their RNA genome into DNA for the purpose of replication. Following genome replication, the DNA is transcribed back into RNA and then translated into protein. The conversion of RNA → DNA violates the information flow of the central dogma, which states DNA → RNA →protein.
How do retroviruses, such as the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), violate the central dogma of molecular biology?