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AP Bio Final 1 16-17
Terms in this set (37)
Which of the following transmits genes from both parent to child, or from one generation of a family to another?
Fertilization is to zygote as meiosis is to ...
Privet shrubs and humans each have a diploid number of 46 chromosomes per cell. Why are the two species so dissimilar?
The two species have appreciably different genes.
Why is it more practical to prepare karyotypes by viewing somatic diploid cells rather than haploid cells?
Both sets of chromosomes, which are present in somatic diploid cells, need to be examined.
Diploid cells may undergo either mitosis or meiosis. Haploid cells may undergo mitosis but not meiosis because
Homologous chromosomes cannot pair
How and what stage do chromosomes go through independent assortment?
Meiosis 1 metaphase alignment
Which of the following is not a theme that unifies about biology?
What is the correct order (from small to large)
Molecules, organisms, population, communities, biosphere
All of the gray squirrels that inhabit an oak forest describes a
Which of the following scientific studies would represent an example of "systems biology" approach?
Measuring the effect of and invading insect that eats oak leaves on the number of oak trees and any subsequent changes in the number of decomposer fungi in the soil.
Like jackrabbits, elephants have blood vessels in their ears that help them cook their bodies by radiating heat. What statement about this radiated energy is accurate?
The original source of energy was the sun.
The idea that form and function are related would NOT be exemplified by
none of the above
Imagine that you have just discovered a new multicellular but microscopic organism that swims in ponds. What can you say about the evolutionary relationships about this organism?
The presence of cilia shows that it shares a common ancestor with paramecium and humans.
What is an activity that would NOT reflect the practice of science?
Science is typically performed alone in labs.
Based on the periodic table, which two elements would most likely form and ionic bond?
Na and Cl, and Li and F
Based on the periodic table, which two elements will most likely form a covalent bond?
H and H
Titanium has an atomic number of 22. How many protons, neutrons, and electrons are in an isotope of titanium with a mass of 48?
H2O can be considered ______. But H2 can only be considered _______.
Molecule and a compound. A molecule.
What type of bond is prevalent in lipids and gives lipids their properties?
What are the emergent properties of water that are important in life?
Cohesion, moderation of temperature, expansion upon freezing, solvent properties.
In a glass of old fashioned lemon juice, which is the solvent?
What is not one of the seven functional groups found in biological molecules?
What functional group behaves as a weak acid in organic molecules?
What functional group behaves as a weak base in organic molecules?
What type of molecule always contains phosphate groups?
What type of isomer is propanol compared to acetone?
Which type of molecule may contain sulfhydryl groups?
Which polysaccharide has the greatest number of branches?
What is not a function of proteins?
Carry the code for translation from nucleus to ribosomes.
How is RNA different from DNA?
DNA contains thymine; RNA contains uracil
Which cellular structure is common to all three domains of life?
Phospholipid bilayer cell membrane.
Enzymes responsible for biosynthesis of membrane lipids are located in what part of the animal cell?
Brefeldin A is a drug that disrupts transport from the ER to the Golgi Apparatus. What other organelles and membranes in the animal cell are affected?
Lysosomes, transport vesicles, plasma membrane, nuclear membrane
What is the correct order to exocytosis or secretion pathway?
Rough ER, Golgi, transport vesicle, plasma membrane
What proteins are NOT made at the rough ER?
Proteins that enter the nucleus and bind there with the DNA as part of the chromatin.
Autophagy removes old damaged organelles like the mitochondria. Decrease autophagy results in degeneration and inflammation and may result in the symptoms of aging. What is most directly involved in the process of autophagy?
What is an argument for the theory that mitochondria and chloroplasts evolved from prokaryotic endosymbionts?
Both matrix and strongly spaces of these organelles contain many types of soluble proteins.
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