The Unfinished Nation, Chapter 9
Terms in this set (46)
A compromise drafted by __________ __________ brought the nullification crisis to an end.
After John __________ died in 1835, President Jackson appointed Roger B. Taney to take his place.
By 1828, presidential electors were elected by _____ in every state except South Carolina.
By embracing the philosophy of the __________ system, the Jackson administration established elected officials' right to appoint their followers to public office.
Drawing from the ideas of _____, John C. Calhoun argued that the states were the final arbiters of the constitutionality of federal laws.
Madison and Jefferson
Henry Clay and Daniel Webster persuaded Nicholas Biddle to apply to Congress for renewal of the Bank of the United States' charter because it would
-make the Bank a major issue in the national election.
-force a congressional vote.
In 1830, Massachusetts Senator Daniel__________ challenged Senator Robert Y. Hayne to a debate about states' rights versus national power.
In 1832, the Democrats became the first major American party to hold a
In 1836, a "distribution" act required the federal government to pay its surplus funds to the
In developing his theory of __________, John C. Calhoun believed he was offering a moderate alternative to secession.
In the spring of 1842, Secretary of State Daniel Webster and Lord Ashburton
-agreed that the United States would receive slightly more than half of the disputed border territory.
-reached some resolution on the Caroline and Creole Incidents.
-established a revised northern boundary as far west as the Rocky Mountains.
Jackson was consistently opposed to concentration of power in the federal government over
economics and banking.
Presidents prior to Jackson viewed the Indians as
Martin Van Buren argued that a strong national party is essential for
Of the Five Civilized Tribes, only the __________ and the __________ managed to partially aviod forced relocation.
The central issue of the 1832 elections was the _____, which was exactly what _____ wanted.
Bank of the United States; Henry Clay
The election of Andrew Jackson as president in 1828 was historically significant because it
-legitimized the idea of political parties as popular, democratic institutions.
-was the result of a popular movement, not simply the work of political elites.
The first issue of the New York Sun on September 3, 1833, marked the introduction of the "__________ __________," which inaugurated a new age in American Journalism.
The Locofocos were
-a radical faction of the Democratic Party in the 1830s.
-in favor of vigorous, perhaps even violent, action.
-mainly workingmen, small businessmen, and professionals in the Northeast.
The outcome of the 1836 presidential election was partly the result of a nationwide
The route the Cherokees took on their removal from Georgia is now commonly known as the Trail
The three leading figures in the Whig Party became known as the "__________ __________."
Though he had won election as New York governor in 1828, __________ __________ __________ resigned when Andrew Jackson appointed him secretary of state.
Martin Van Buren
What significant lesson did the resolution of the nullification crisis demonstrate?
No state could defy the federal government alone.
When the Jackson administration began transferring funds from the Bank of the United States to state banks, Nicholas Biddle responded by
calling in loans and raising interest rates.
Which of the following accurately describe Indian and white relations before the mid-nineteenth century?
-Whites were at least somewhat aware of Indians' claims to the land.
-Interactions were sometimes, but not usually, unfriendly.
-The two groups lived in close proximity to one another.
Which of the following accurately describe President Jackson's views on the Maysville Road Bill?
-It was unconstitutional because the road was located entirely in Kentucky.
-It was unwise because it committed the federal government to large expenditures.
Which of the following best describes Andrew Jackson's view of Indians?
He was deeply hostile toward them and wanted them to move west.
Which of the following best describe the soft-money opponents to the Bank of the United States?
-They thought the Bank restrained state banks from freely issuing notes.
-They were mostly state bankers and their allies.
Which of the following best describes Americans who qualified to vote prior to the 1820s?
white property owners
Which of the following best describes the 1836 presidential election?
Democrats united behind Martin Van Buren.
Which of the following best describes the significance of the Whigs' attacks on Jackson and Van Buren for their association with the Freemasons?
By accusing Democrats of association with the undemocratic Freemasons, the Whigs beat them with their own issue.
Which of the following changed most during the "age of Jackson"?
the American electorate
Which of the following did Martin Van Buren emphasize?
-the party's need for a permanent opposition.
-party loyalty and preservation of the party.
Which of the following did the results of the 1836 presidential election illustrate?
-the Whigs' inability to find a single strong candidate.
-the continuing strength of Jackson within the Democratic Party.
-the Whigs' problem of divided leadership.
Which of the following emerged as the core concerns of the Webster-Hayne debate?
-preservation of the Union.
Which of the following groups was not a strong supporter of the Whigs?
small farmers in the West who had migrated from the South
Which of the following groups were strong supporters of the Democrats in the 1830s?
-southern planters suspicious of industrial growth.
-smaller merchants and workingmen in the Northeast.
-westerners who had roots in the South.
Which of the following sparked the nullification crisis of 1832?
a state convention vote on the "tariff of abominations"
Which of the following statements about Indian removal is not correct?
Had the federal government employed scientific study and planning, white expansion into the West could have been controlled.
Which of the following statements about people and events that surrounded President Harrison's inauguration is not correct?
John Tyler looked to guidance from Whig Party leaders after Harrison died.
Which of the following statements about the 1840 presidential election is not correct?
It presented a stark contrast between aristocratic Van Buren and honest, man-of-the-people Harrison.
Which of the following statements regarding actions by the Jackson administration against the Bank of the United States in 1833 is not correct?
Jackson recognized that he had the legal means to abolish the Bank, but he needed the help of a reliable treasury secretary.
Which of the following was not one of the "Five Civilized Tribes"?
Which of the following were beliefs held by a large portion of the Democratic Party in the 1830s?
-The Union should be defended.
-The role of the government should be limited.
-The government should help remove obstacles to opportunity.
With the emergence of the Whigs, the era know to scholars as the "__________ __________ system" had begun.
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