Knowledge we have for a specific thing, like our majors
knowledge based on the condition and tells you how to use that knowledge
I know hot to..muscle memory
memory for meaning, general knowledge we have, everything we learn in school
tied to a time and place, personal experience
what you are thinking about right now, hold for 20 seconds
based on the five senses, lasts for three seconds
in depth process of saving information
practicing it over and over in your head
an address, you are picturing the address
putting information together to remember them, to reduce the amount of information stored in working memory
rehearse so much it becomes automatic, it gets it into long term memory
when, where, how we get information and how we make the logical connections
spread of activation
retrieval of information with relationship to each other
always guaranteed correct answer
does not guarantee a correct answer, leads to a solution, and is our common sense, crossword puzzle
thinking about your thinking, how do i learn. think and what strategies for studying work best for me
over learning convert
you can't visually see, when you are thinking how to organize what you are writing down
over learning overt
you can see it happening, concept map
new phone vs old phone, try what you did on something similar on something new
finding an answer by working backwards
using something you already learned and transferring it on different material
rigidity to solve a problem, we get stuck seeing something one way
when we organize a problem, the AHA moment
key is that the student become the expert
the expert does the lesson and teaches, then gets the group to think, students think of questions then talk about them
What is the cognitive approach to learning?
Learning is active, construction of knowledge; the same vent means different things to different people. Behavioral is passive learning, goals is identify a few general principles that apply in all situations
What is the purpose of chunking?
to reduce the amount of information stored in the working memory. 5-9 pieces of information in working memory at a time (7+-2)
Describe the concept of elaboration, in relation to memory?
Make sure students work together to expand the meaning, someone who learns about percentages and realizes they can use this to find the stats of favorite baseball players
Define, describe and create an example for each type of mnemonic?
mnemonics is a memory trick or aid to help us recall information
create it's own word to help remember a phrase-it has to make sense to you
key word mnemonic
associating key concepts with learned material
associations or links to the information, have to have an association with precious word (Do Re Mi)
What are visual organizers?
learning strategies, convert and overt learning, either you can't see it or you can see it in a concept map. KWL- what i know what i want to know, what i already know ven diagram- know one thing and another thing and there are shared things in the middle
What is functional fixedness?
Inability to use an object or a tool in a different way, response set rigidity. the brick example in class
How are Torrence's creativity tests scored? (draw in circles test)
originality, fluency, flexibility
What is a good example of creative behavior when given a problem and what type of thinking is directly associated with creativity?
Gloria thinks about the solution to a problem regarding welfare in her American problem course, She asks herself what she needs to know in order to solve the problem, She tries to think about the problem in different ways. She then decides of a useful solution----creativity
High road transfer
mindful and conscious use of that information, first aid after many years
low road transfer
automatic use of that information, driving a stick shift in any car
How does the constructivist view learning?
By reflecting on our experiences we construct our ideas, learners are active and social interactions are important
What are the requirements of a true cooperative learning group?