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Semester 1 WRS Vocab
Terms in this set (64)
A person who favors a more active federal government for regulating business, supporting social welfare, and protecting minority rights. They prefer less regulation of private social conduct.
The right to vote; a vote given to favor of a proposed measure of candidate.
The complete absence of government; political disorder and violence disorder in any sphere of activity.
An area defined by a common characteristic.
Preference that inhibit impartial judgement
The difference in value between a country's imports and exports
Balance of Trade
Facilities and structures such as roads, bridges, and power plants, that are needed to build industries and move goods in and out of a country
Holds beliefs that fall between liberal and conservative. Favors a non-violent and practical approach to solving society's problems, on any given issue one could side with liberals or conservatives.
Specific statements that people hold to be true.
The beliefs, values, and material objects that constitute a people's way of life.
The practice of judging another culture by the standards of one's own culture.
To remove or set apart; segregate (as in jury). To withdraw into seclusion.
THe measure of the number of people per square mile. It is calculated by dividing the number of people in the country by the land area of the country.
Created by someone either not present when the event took place or removed by the time from the event. Examples include textbooks, journal articles, histories, and encyclopedias.
Original works in various media formats such as photographs, drawing, letters, diaries, documents, books, films, posters ,play scripts, speeches, songs, sheet music, and first person accounts that are recorded at the time of an event.
Inalienable individual rights derived from nature. Inalienable :not capable of being transferred to another
Liberty legally guaranteeing to the individual the rights free of speech, thought, and action, limited only in so far as their use does not interfere with rights of others.
A union of nations or states in which sovereignty is retained by each member.
Holds ultraconservative political ideas. Favors extreme and immediate change; willingness to use violence. Change comes in the form of restoring society to its former state.
The value of goods and services produced within a country in a year, not including income earned outside that country.
The value of goods and services produced by a country in a year, both inside and outside.
A downturn in the business cycle in which real GDP declines.
Formal approval of a constitution, constitutional amendment or treaty.
The best alternative sacrificed for a chosen alternative.
A system that answers the What, How and For Who questions by a central authority.*
An economic system that answers that What, How and For Whom questions using prices determined by the interaction of the forces of supply and demand.
A market economy with some government regulations
Believes that the role of government in society should be very limited. Individuals should be responsible for their own well-being. They are opposed to abrupt change, and they value tradition.
Mental activities of thinking, knowing, and remembering.
An inert substance administered to see if it triggers the effect believed to characterize the active agent.
A statistical measure indicating the extent to which two factors vary together and thus how well either factor predicts the other.
Native to a certain area. Occurring or living naturally in an area.
Worship of many gods.
The prescribed form or order of conducting a religious or solemn ceremony
A ceremonial act of series of acts
A candidate who is not expected to win, but who has an outside chance of winning.
Leadership; preponderant influence or authority, especially of a government or state.
The policy of extending the rule of authority of an empire or nation over countries, or of acquiring and holding colonies (usually for economic gain).
An adherent or supporter of a person, party, or cause; a member of an irregular troop engaged in harassing an enemy.
A person already holding office.
Powers denied within the Constitution.
Article VI, Section 2. The Constitution and the treaties of United States are the "supreme law of the land". This actually creates a "ladder of laws" with the Constitution being on top rung of the ladder followed by the acts of Congress and treaties, State constitutions, State statutes, and finally local law.
Rule imposed by military forces.
This is the inherent power of the United States government to take property for public use.
The national government is a government of delegated powers or only powers granted to it in the constitution. Three types exist: Expressed, implied, and inherent.
Those powers that any sovereign state needs to operate in a world community. The chief ones include the power to regulate immigration, deport aliens, acquire territory, give diplomatic recognition to other states and protect the nation against rebellion or internal subversion. These powers are not expressed powers.
These are powers not expressly stated in the Constitution but are implied by the powers that are so stated.
The powers explicitly granted to Congress by the Constitution. (Same as enumerated powers.)
An englishman who wrote The Wealth of Nations in 1776. When individuals are free to pursue their own private economic interests, an "invisible hand" works to promote the general welfare.
(1818 - 1883) He is the father of modern socialism and the most significant critic of capitalism of the 19th century. He believed that capitalism was fatally flawed. The workers would eventually rise up against the capitalists because of abuse by them and overthrow the capitalist system. He and Friedrich Engels wrote The Communist Manifesto in 1848.
It is the ability of a country to produce a good at a lower opportunity cost than another country. (Remember: Opportunity cost is the best alternative not chosen.)
A policy favoring strong centralized government power. Power of government is divided between national and state government.
Acting in accordance with principles of government in which political expediency is placed above morality; subtly or unscrupulously cunning or deceptive. Niccolo Machiavelli in The Prince expounded the doctrine of political expediency.
Greater interaction of culture and economies among people around the world.
Unemployment caused by a mismatch of skills of workers out of work and the skills required for existing job opportunities.
Unemployment caused by recurring changes in hiring due to change in weather conditions.
The percentage of people in the labor force who are without jobs are actively seeking jobs.
Supreme and absolute power of a state within its own territorial boundaries.
North American Free Trade Agreement is a treaty made in 1993 which lowered tariffs and brought Mexico into the free-trade zone established by the United States and Canada.
Work Progress Administration. An agency, established as part of the New Deal during Franklin Roosevelt's administration, that provided the unemployed with jobs in construction, garment making, teaching, the arts, and other fields.
National association for the advancement of colored people. An organization founded in 1909 to promote full racial equality. It is still active today. Current president: Cornell W. Brooks.
In 1951, six western European nations joined together in the European Coal and Steel Community. In 1993, it was renamed the European Union (EU), with 28 nations as members. The EU has a flag, an anthem, and a single currency (the euro).
A family of rulers whose right to rule is passed on within the family.
An area where innovation develops, with subsequent spreading to other areas. This is how culture advances.
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