73 terms

Biblical Literature Final

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The academy at Jamnia was responsible for establishing what canon?
old testament canon/tenoch
bye whom and in what year was the second temple in Jerusalem destroyed?
babylonians, 70 CE
What are the documents found in the Qumran Library that was part of an Essene community?
dead sea scrolls
In what city were the followers of The Way first called christian?
antioch
Who was the Roman Centurion in the book of Acts, who was the first Gentile convert to Christianity?
cornelius the centurion
Describe the nature of the early church as described in the acts of apostles.
they broke bread every time they met, daily attendance of church, praise God.
Who is the circumcision party?
Judaizers: jewish christians that believe you have to become a jew in order to be a christian
Where would you find the earliest written description of the Lord's Supper/Eucharist?
1 Corinthians 11
The parable of wise and foolish maidens
matthew
I am the good shepherd; I know my own sheep and my sheep know me.
john
the parable of the prodigal son/loving father
luke
Thomas doubts the resurrection of Jesus until he can touch the wounds.
John
The visit of the magi to the child Jesus
matthew
Jesus washing the diciples feet in the upper room
john
The announcement of the angels of peace on earth to the shepherds of Bethlehem
luke
the Sermon on the Mount, including the Lord's prayer.
matthew
The parable of the good samaritan
luke
the centurion pierces Jesus side and at once blood and water came out
john
the only gospel that mentions the word "church/ekklesia" and has 5 blocks of teachings
matthew
the magnificat, Mary's greeting to Elizabeth that begins, "My soul magnifies the Lord..."
luke
the crucifixion takes place on the day of preparation when the passover lambs are being sacrificed.
john
a group of wmen who had been "cured of evil spirits and infirmities: Mary called Magdalene,
luke
Jesus has a conversation with Nicodemus
john
"and I tell you, you are peter, and on this rock I will build my church..."
matthew
A conversation with samaritan woman at the well...
john
"I am the light of the world.. whoever follows me will never walk in darkness but will have the light of life."
john
The sermon on the plain... "Blessed are the poor"
luke
The beattitudes
matthew
the birth of John the Baptist
luke
In the synoptic gospels, what even was the cause for the authorities to arrest and crucify Jesus?
cleansing of the temple
What event was the cause for the authorities to arrest and crucify Jesus in the Gospel of John?
the raising of lazarus
Who was the early christian leader who was stoned while saul looked on?
stephen
what great event did paul expect to come in his lifetime?
the second coming of jesus
In many of paul's letters he answered questions from the congregation. Describe the key issue paul addressed in his letters to the thessalonians.
why was the rapture delayed? the lordship of jesus vs. lordship of ceasar
Name the oldest book in the New Testament
1 thessalonians
name the pauline letter that deals extensively with the concept of "justification by faith alone."
romans
According to luke's gospel, what was the response of the people when jesus visited the town of nazareth, early in his ministry? What was the scroll given to him?
jesus was rejected by the people, he was given the book of isaiah.
Martin Luther called this New Testament book, "the epistle of straw."
james
Name the Greco-Roman mystery cult that became Rome's official state religion in the third century C.E., which included a baptismal ritual in which followers were "washed in the blood of the bull," and whose birthday was celebrated on December 25.
mythra
In the synoptic gospels, what are the brief fictional narratives that Jesus uses for teaching?
parables
The two-document theory is a result of source criticism that explains the literary relationship of the three Synoptic Gospels. Which gospel is the primary source for the chronological frame work of the Synoptic Gospels?
mark
1. Jesus' ministry represents a new beginning that establishes a heightened awareness of God's intentions for humanity, instead of an apocalyptic end.
luke
Jesus is perceived as the new Moses. The Gospel is divided into 5 sections; there is teaching on a Mountain; it presents Jesus as fulfilling the ancient Hebrew Bible prophecies; it is the only Gospel to use the term ekklesia (church).
matthew
From the beginning Jesus' career has an eschatological urgency; the nature of his messianic role is hidden or secret until his trial before the Sanhedrin where he reveals his true identity for the first time, leading to his crucifixion.
mark
Jesus is the Lamb of God who is sacrificed for the sins of the world. The author seeks to inspire faith in Jesus' divinity, including a number of sayings that reflect Jesus' identification with God in terms heard by Moses at the Burning Bush. Jesus is crucified on the day of preparation when the sacrificial lambs are slaughtered for Passover.
john
5. Christianity is presented as a universal faith; Through Jesus, God directs human history to achieve humanity's (all nations) redemption. The Savior is concerned for outcasts, women, and the poor.
luke
What is the hypothetical document that scholars believe is the source for a large collection of Jesus' teachings?
quelle
What are the major stories of the Christian tradition that are omitted in the Gospel of John that are found in the synoptic Gospels?
birth story, baptism by john, different date of crucifixion
Name the teaching method when Jesus said, "You have heard that it was said ...But I say to you..."
antithesis
Who preached the Pentecost sermon in Acts 2?
peter
In what New Testament apocalyptic book does the heavenly figure state, "I am the Alpha and the Omega, the first and the last? (It must be spelled correctly or you will miss it on the test.)
revelation
In the Acts of the Apostles, why did Luke believe that it was not necessary for a second coming of Christ?
you need to believe without having to rely on the fact that you know he is coming again.
What was James' understanding of the relationship between faith and works?
faith without works is dead
Name 2 cities in which there were churches to which Paul wrote letters.
corinth, rome
In Corinthians, what did Paul believe was the essence of true religion?
faith, hope, and love... but the greatest of these is love. Agape.
When Peter had the vision of a great sheet let down from heaven and filled with all manner of animals, what did Peter and the disciples understand it to mean?
the gospel should be also preached to the gentiles
The New Testament writers had different views of when Jesus became the "Son of God" ("The Messiah"). The Davidic Kings became God's son by adoption at the king's coronation. How does each Gospel and Paul present the time when Jesus became the messiah?
paul: declared son of God by his resurrection.
mark: from the baptism of christ.
matthew: from the virginal birth
luke: from virgin birth
john: begins with the cosmic christ.
What are some examples of controversies in the early church found in Acts?
issue of paul and barnabus splitting, appointment of deacons, do gentiles have to become jewish before becoming christian?
1. "The one who is righteous shall live by faith." "Therefore, since we are justified by faith, we have peace with God Through our Lord Jesus Christ." "Faith, hope and love, these three, but the greatest of these is love."
paul
2. In order to be a Christian, one must be circumcised, abstain from blood and food sacrificed to idols, and fornication.
judaizers
3. Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth; for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away and the sea was no more . . . Those who conquer will inherit these things, and I will be their God and they will be my children. But for the cowardly, the faithless, the polluted . . . their place will be in the lake that burns with fire and sulfur, which is the second death.
apocalyptic
4. Salvation is gained through special knowledge revealed through Jesus as a spiritual savior. Jesus only appeared to be a human being - he was wholly spiritual and at the crucifixion ascended to heaven, leaving behind another's corpse on the cross.
gnostics
5. "Religion that is pure and undefiled before God, the Father is this; to care for orphans and widows in their distress, and to keep oneself unstained by the world." "Be doers of the word, and not merely hearers who deceive themselves.
james
State the early Christian baptismal formula that empowered women that was quoted in Galatians.
male and female now equal under christ
What are the reasons that scholars believe that the writer of the Gospel of John and the writer of the Revelation to John are different persons?
quality of greek language used in revelation is greater. Jesus is like a warrior in revelation and is calmer and already with the believer in john.
glossolalia
unknown language
The tradition of anointing and praying for the sick that is the source for the Roman Catholic sacrament of unction is found in what New Testament book?
james 5
What was the impact of the Roman destruction of Jerusalem in 70 CE on the early church?
loss of sacred space
Describe the issues that Paul addressed in his letter to the Corinthians and summarize the key points of his instructions.
-avoiding divisions
-need for order
-role of women in church
-need to have correct order of communion
-nature of resurrection
In what gospel would you find a series of songs such as the Benedictus of Zechariah, the Magnificat of Mary, and the Nunc Dimmitis of Simeon?
luke
blessed be the lord god of israel for he hath visited and redeeed his people...
benedictus of zechariah
my soul magnigies the lord and my spirit rejoices in god my savior...
magnificat of mary
master, how you are dissmissing your servant in peace...
dimmitis of simeon