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Terms in this set (53)
How do scientists believe the first humans came to North America?
Crossing a land bridge (Beringia) from Asia into North America
Why did the first Americans migrate from Asia to the Americas?
following a food source
How did the Magna Carta affect the English Citizens?
Gave more political power to citizens
How did Magna Carta affect the King?
Limited some of the powers of the King
What are the characteristics of an American Indian cultural region?
Distinct food sources, clothing, shelter, customs and beliefs
What was the most important factor in determining the way of life of an American Indian group?
The availability of food sources
What are some ways American Indians adapted the environment to meet their needs?
Burned trees to plant corn, Dug irrigation ditches for growing crops
What other motivations drove European exploration?
A northwest trade passage, wealth, spreading religion
What were some effects of Christopher Columbus's voyages to the Americas?
Transfer of goods between Europe and the Americas, (Columbian Exchange), disease
What were the goals of the Spanish conquistadors and missionaries?
To conquer an empire for Spain and to spread Christianity to the New World
What is the Middle Passage?
The journey that slaves made from Africa to N. America
Who did African slaves replace as a labor force in America?
Why did African slaves replace indentured servants
Gave planters a cheaper more permanent source of labor
What is an indentured servant?
A person who signs a contract to work for a set number of years in exchange for the cost of passage to America
What was the experience of the first Jamestown settlers?
Initial hardships, ultimately flourishes
What crop enabled Jamestown to succeed?
How is the Mayflower Compact similar to the Constitution?
Both written by citizens and describing self-government
Who are the Separatists?
A group that shared religious beliefs and wanted to separate from the Church of England
How did the colony of Providence differ from the Puritan colony of Massachusetts?
Tolerant of all religions
Who is the founder of Providence?
Why is Pennsylvania considered to have offered the most freedom for those who lived there in colonial times?
Based on religious tolerance and equality
How did the English Bill of Rights affect the colonies?
Gave more power to citizens and colonial assemblies
How did the Great Awakening prepare the colonists for the American Revolution?
Encouraged the ideals of liberty and equality
What happened to the British government as a result of the French and Indian War?
British government acquired a large debt
Who gained territory in America as a result of the French and Indian War?
How did Great Britain increase its control of the colonies after 1763?
Required that colonists pay taxes
What did the colonists resent most about the Stamp Act?
They had no representatives to vote in Parliament
How did Parliament respond to the colonists' protests against the Stamp Act?
Repealed the tax
Why was the name Massacre was given to the events of March 5, 1770 in Boston?
To stir anti-British feelings among citizens to promote independence
What was Great Britain's response to the Boston Tea Party?
Passed the Intolerable Acts
What was the purpose of the Intolerable Acts?
To punish Massachusetts for the Tea Protest
What was the goal of the First Continental Congress?
To find a peaceful solution with Britain
What did the Battles of Lexington and Concord reveal about the colonists ability to fight?
They were willing to fight and die for their freedom
Why is Lexington and Concord considered an important event in American History?
Considered the first battle of the American Revolution
What was the outcome of the battle of Bunker Hill?
British won but took heavy casualties
What effect did Common Sense have in the colonies?
Persuaded many colonists to support the cause of independence
Why was the Declaration of Independence written?
Stated that the colonies were separate and free from Britain
According to Thomas Jefferson, the power to rule comes from?
The consent/permission of the citizens
How do natural rights differ from other rights?
People are born with natural rights
How did Great Britain view the signing of the Declaration of Independence?
An act of treason
What was the result of the American victories at Trenton and Princeton?
Boosted American morale and showed they could win a battle
Which battle of the American Revolution resulted in the surrender of Cornwallis and was the last major battle between the Americans and British?
What was the first plan of government for the United States?
Articles of Confederation
Why did the Articles fail?
It was too weak to be effective
In addition to independence, what did the Treaty of Paris give to the Americans?
Land east of the Mississippi River
What land was affected by the Land Ordinance of 1785?
Land bordered by the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers and the Great Lakes
Why is Shays' Rebellion an important event in U.S. history?
Led to the passage of the new Constitution
What was the original purpose of the Constitutional Convention?
To revise the Articles of Confederation
What did the Great Compromise decide?
Representation in Congress for states and citizens
What was the position of the group known as the Federalists?
They supported the Constitution
In order to be adopted as the supreme law of the land, what had to occur?
At least 9 of the 13 states had to ratify it
Why is James Madison considered the "father of the Constitution?"
He was the most prepared delegate at the convention
Why were several people executed during the Salem Witch Trials?
Fear of witchcraft present in Salem
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