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339 terms

SAT-500 Key Words for SAT

STUDY
PLAY
abstract
theoretical, not concrete
abstruse
difficult to understand
acclaim
praise; applaud
accolade
an award, or praise
acquiescent
recluctantly agreeable; compliant
acrimony
words or behaviro filled with harshness or anger
adamant
refusing to change: stubborn, unyielding
adroit
skillful in physical activity, or in handling difficult situations
advocate
support; plead for; spea on behalf of
affable
friendly; easygoing
affirmation
positive statement; assertion; agreement
alienate
to push someone away, or cause him to separate from people
aloof
detached; apart; indifferent
altruistic
unselfish; caring
ambidextrous
able to use both hands with equal skill
ambiguous
unclear; vague; having several possible interpretation
ambivalence
indecision; feeing of being pulled in two directions
ameliorate
to make an unpleasant situation better; to improve
amity
friendship
amorphous
without form or shape
analogous
similar
anarchy
a lack of order; chaos
anathema
a religious curse, or he thing or person being cursed
antagonistic
in hostile competition; opposing
antiquated
too old to be useful; outdate; obsolete
antithesis
opposite
apathy
lack of interest or concern
apex
top; highest point; summit
appease
calm; pacify
arbitrary
selected by random choice ad without solid reason
Word
Definition
arcane
secret; mysterious
archaic
old; antiquated
arrogant
acting superior, obnosxious, smug, or rude
articulate
able to speak clearly and effectively
ascendance
domination; controlling power
ascetic
person who rejects physical comfort and luxury for self-discipline
asperity
roughness; harshness; irritability
assail
attack with words or force
assiduous
persistence; hard-working; dilligent; attentive to detail
assuage
relieve; ease; pacify
astute
wise; insightfully clever; shrewd
atrophy
waste away; wither
audacious
brazen; bravery; nervy
augment
make larter; increase
auspicious
taking place under promising conditions; likely to succeed
austere
stern; plain; without luxuries
avarice
greed
averse
feeling repelled; wanting to avoid
baleful
harmful; menacing
banal
boring; trite; insipid
beguile
to cheat or deceive, usually through charm; also to amuse
belie
to give an impression that is the opposite of the way things really are
belligerent
having a strong tendency to argue and fight
benediction
good wishes; a blessing
benevolent
kindhearted; good-natured; generous
benign
gentle; kind-hearted; mild
bequeath
to leave behind or hand down through a will; transmit
blight
decay; disease; widespread death
bolster
to support; to reinforce
bombast
speech or writing intended to impress the audience; pompous
Word
Definition
brevity
briefness; conciseness
bumptious
pushy; obnoxiously self-assertive
cacophony
harshness in sound; opposite of harmony
cajole
to fool with flattery or false promises; coax; deceive
candor
honesty; frankness
capacious
large; roomy; spacious
capitulate
surrender; yield
capricious
unpredictable
castigate
scold; punish
caustic
burning, either with chemicals or sarcasm
celerity
speed
censure
to criticize
chasten
punish; discipline; castigate
chastise
scod; punish; castigate
choler
anger
circumscribe
draw a line around; define limits; confine; restrict
circumspect
cautious
celemency
mercy
cloister
secluded or isolated from the outside world; also, a place of seclusion
coalesce
unite; grow together
coerce
to force someone by threatening or physically overpowering him
complacent
self-satisfied; unconcerned
compliant
following someone else' demands; conforming; obeying
composure
calmness; equanimity
concede
admit reluctantly; yield
concise
short and to the point; terse
concur
agree
condone
to overlook, excuse, or pardon
Word
Definition
confound
to mix up; to confuse someone else
consonance
a blending of sounds or opinions; harmony; agreement
consummate
to complete or make whole
contend
to argue a point or position; to struggle for
contingent
dependent upon other circumstances; conditional
contract
squeeze together; shrink
contrite
sorry; penitent
conundrum
riddle; mystery
converge
move together to meet at a common point
conviction
an opinion that is strongly held
convivial
fond of parties; sociable
copious
in large quantity; abundant
cordial
friendly; welcoming; gracious
corporeal
having to do with the body or the physical world
corroborate
support with evidence; tell the same story; confirm
criteria
requirement or standards used to make a decision
cryptic
hidden; secret; mysterious
culpable
guilty; blameworthy
cupidity
greed for money
cursory
quickly and incompletely done; superficial
daunted
dismayed; disheartened; discouraged
decadence
moral decay or decline
defame
to say things harmful to a person's reputation; malign; vilify
deference
the act of yielding to someone else out of respect
denounce
criticize; condemn
depleted
emptied; drained; used up
Word
Definition
deplore
to express regret or disapproval; complain; criticize
deprecate
disapprove; belittle
deride
make fun of; ridicule
despondent
feeling hopeless or depressed
despot
tyrant
destitute
poor; lacking possessions
desultory
lacking a plan; aimless
dexterity
high level of skill, especially with the hand; adroitness
diatribe
a bitterly critical speech
digress
to move away from the main topic when writing or speaking; to go off on a tangent
dilatory
causing lateness; stalling
discerning
insightful; perceptive
disclose
provide information; reveal
discord
disagreement; dissonance
discourse
exchange of ideas; conversation
disdain
a feeling of scorn or contempt
disparage
say negative things; belittle
disparate
different
disperse
spread around; scatter
dissent
to disagree, especially with the majority, or with an authority
dissolution
separation into parts; the process of dissolving
distended
swollen; extended
divergence
the act of splitting off into different directions
diverse
different; various
dogmatic
sticking to widely-accepted beliefs, even when faced with contrary evidence; closed minded
doleful
extremely sad
eccentric
different from most, especially in personality or behavior
Word
Definition
eclectic
choosing from many different sources; carefully selective
efface
erase
effervescence
the quality of being bubbly or full of life
efficacy
the ability to produce desired results
elated
extremely happy; overjoyed
eloquence
powerfully effective speech
embellish
to make more beautiful; decorate; adorn
emulate
imitate
endemic
native to a particular country or among a particular group
endorse
promote; recommend
enervate
sap the strength; weaken
enhance
intensify; improve
enigma
mystery; puzzle
enmity
mutual hatred
ephemeral
temporary; short-lived
eradicate
remove completely and permanently; exterminate
erratic
unpredictable; differing from what is normal or expected
erudition
the knowledge acquired through many years of study
esoteric
known to, or understood by a limited group of people
ethereal
heavenly; fine; delicately beautiful
eulogize
to praise highly; to extol
euphemism
a word or phrase that's used to make an unpleasant idea sound better
evasive
tending to avoid giving direct answers
exacerbate
to make a bad siutation worse
exalt
raise in rank; elevate; praise
expunge
erase
expurgate
to remove offensive words, ideas or symbols; censor
extemporaneous
done without planning; improvised
extol
praise
extraneous
unnecessary; irrelevant
extricate
to free from a trap or difficult situation; to disentangle
exuberant
uncontrollably joyous
fallacious
false; misleading
fastidious
difficult to please
fervor
strong passion
fickle
erratic; lacking loyalty; unpredictably changeable
flaccid
limp; soft; lacking firmness
flagrant
openly and obviously evil; glaring; conspicuous
fledgling
beginner
flippancy
treating a serious situation with arrogant humor or disrespect
foment
to stir into action; rouse; incite
foresight
the ability to see ahead, anticipate, or predict
frugal
thrifty; careful use of money
fulminate
to explode with sound or anger
furtive
sneaky; secretive
futile
hopelessly ineffective; useless; in vain
garbled
changed so much that the original meaning has been distorted; scrambled
garish
flashy; gaudy
garner
collect; gather; accumulate; earn
garrulous
very talkative; loquacious
genial
friendly; kind; gracious
germane
fitting; relevant
girth
distance around an object; circumference
glutton
a person who consumes huge quantities of food or drink
gravity
seriousness
gregarious
sociable; extroverted; enjoying companionship
gullible
easily deceived
hackneyed
unoriginal; trite
hamper
interfere with movement or progress
haphazard
without plan or direction
harangue
a long, lecturing speech
harbor
to provide shelter or refuse; hide
hardy
to avoid giving a clear answer, thereby escaping responsibility or blame
hedge
notice; pay attention to
heed
shockingly evil
neinous
an opinion expressed in defiance of generally accepted ideas
heresy
gap; interruption; a break in the continuity of a process; a pause
hiatus
a group of people in authority, ranked in order of pwer; a sequential listing
hierarchy
bold; brave; capable of withstanding harsh condition
homage
respect paid to someone or something; tribute; honor
homogeneous
the same throughout; consistent; uniform
hyperbole
extreme exaggeration
hypocrite
an insincere person; one who pretends to have feelings he doesn't really possess
idolatry
the worship of objects or people as gods
imbue
to fill, as with a strong dye or a strong feeling
imminent
about to take palce; happening soon
immutable
uable to change
impair
weaken in strength or value
impasse
a situation from which you cannot escape; stalemate
imassiveadaf
without feeling; expressionless
impede
get in the way; hinder
impetuous
making quick decisions and taking sudden action; hasty; impulsive
imposter
pretender
impudence
insolence; rudeness
inadvertent
unintentional
inane
silly; insignificant
inaugurate
induct into; begin
incessant
continuous; endless
inchoate
not yet fully developed
incite
arouse to action; stir up; foment
incompatible
incapable of existing together in peace
incongruous
out of place
incorrigible
impossible to correct, control, or discipline
incredulous
unwilling or unable to believe
indict
charge with a crime; accuse
indigent
very poor
indolent
lazy
induce
bring about; cause to happen
inert
inactive; sluggish; lacking movement
infallible
incapable of making a mistake
infamy
a bad reputation; notoriety
infer
to figure out, based on given information; conclude; deduce
infiltrate
penetrate by passing through gaps; neter secretly and become established, such as a spy might do in an enemy organization
ingenuous
naïve; unsophisticated; inexperienced
innate
having a quality that arises from within, rather than learned or acquired from the outside; native; inborn
innocuous
harmless; inoffensive
innovation
a new idea or product; a new way of doin something that is so much better, it causes others to copy it
inscrutable
mysterious
insipid
dull; flat; without sparkle or flavor
insolent
rude; haughty
insolvent
unable to pay bills; bankrupt
intermittent
occurring at intervals; periodic
intractable
stubborn; immovable
intrinsic
located within the very nature of an object or person; inherent
invert
turn upside down or inside out; reverse position
irascible
easily angered
irony
an unexpected outcome, or the use of a word that is the opposite of its literal meaning
irresolute
indecisive; unsure
irreverent
disrespectful
jargon
specialized language used by a particular group
jaundice
yellow color; or envy, or resentment
jaunty
lively; perky; springly
jeopardy
the threat or possibility of danger
jettison
to throw overboard; to discard
jocular
joking; playful; jesting; witty
jubilant
filled with joy
judicious
wise; making good decision
juncture
point in time, especially a crucial one; joint or connection
juxtapose
to place side by side
kindle
to start a fire; ignite; arouse
kinetic
in motion; active
laconic
quiet; of few words; terse
lament
express sorrow; complain
languish
lose energy or motivation; become weak or depressed
latent
existing but inactive, such as a certain quality; dormant
laud
praise; worship; extol
legcy
something inhertied, either from an ancestor or from the past itself
lethargic
tired; sluggish; drowsy
levity
lightness; playfulness; jocularity
lionize
to put someone onto a pedestal; to trea with great respect
listless
tired; sluggish; lack drive
loath
reluctant; unwilling
loathe
to hate
lofty
at a great height; elevated; noble
loquacious
talkative
lucid
easy to understand; trasparent; clear -thinking
ludicrous
absurd; ridiculous
lugubrious
mournful
magnanimous
big-hearted; generous; forgiving; noble
magnate
a person of great power
malediction
evil speech; curse
malefactor
person who tries to hurt others; criminal
malice
a desire to cause harm or suffering
malign
to say evil or harmful things about someone; defame; vilify
malleable
able to be reshpaed by force; pliable; impressionable
marred
spoiled, scratched, blemish
meager
small in size or amount ; thin; weak
meander
wander in a carefree manner; follow a winding course; ramble
mellifluous
smooth; sweetly flowing
mendacity
a lie; a false statement
meticulous
extremely careful about details
minute
very small in size
misconstrue
misunderstand; interpret incorrectly
mitigte
make less severe
mollify
lessen ager; soothe; placate
monologue
a long, uninterrupted speech by one person
morose
depressed
mundane
ordinary; earthly
myriad
large number; many
nefarious
extremely evil
negligent
careless in a situation that could result in harm; neglectful
neophyte
beginner
nocturnal
active at night
nostalgic
wishing for a return to the way things used to be; longing for the past; homesick
novelty
something new or unusual
nuance
slight degree; shade of difference
nullify
remove or cancel all value or force; negate
nurture
provide care and support; nourish; train or educate
obdurate
stubborn; unyielding
objurgate
scold; castigate; denounce
obliterate
remove or destroy completely; erase
obscure
hazy; unfamiliar; difficult to understand
obsequious
behaving like a meek, spinless servant; subservient; sycophantic
obsolete
no longer usable; outdated
obstinate
stubborn; refusing to be persuaded
obtuse
dull; blunt; unintelligent; lacking sharpness
obviate
eliminate the need for something; make unnecessary
ominous
a sign of something unpleasant that's about to happen; inauspicious
onerous
burdensome; oppressive
opaque
too dark or thick fo light to pass through
opportunist
someone who takes advantage of the situation
optimist
someone who always believes things will turn out okay
opulence
luxury; wealth; riches