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61 terms

Social Studies, Grade 5, Chapter 6, Middle and Southern Colonies

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New Netherland
What colony did King Charles give his brother?
His Brother
After England captured the colony of New Netherland, whom did King Charles give the colony to?
Colonists
The proprietors of New York and New Jersey allowed whom to take part in government?
William Penn
Who wanted a colony where all Christians could live in peace?
Pennsylvania
The city of Philadelphia was in which colony?
Penn's woods
What does the word Pennsylvania mean?
Philadelphia
Ben Franklin was the most famous citizen of which city?
Ben Franklin
Whom was Philadelphia's most famous citizen?
Ben Franklin
Whom invented the following items: odometer, battery, and bifocals?
odometer, battery, and bifocals
Name three items that Ben Franklin invented.
Ben Franklin
Whom started the library, fire department and hospital in Philadelphia?
library, fire department and hospital
Ben Franklin started which institutions in Philadelphia?
A mix of people from different nations
In the 1600's, where did the population of the Middle Colonies come from?
They were farmers.
What job did many families have in the Middle Colonies?
No
Did the colony proprietors tell the colonists what to produce?
Wheat and furs
Name two things that the Middle Colonies sent to Great Britain.
Great Britain
Where did the Middle Colonies send wheat and fur?
Wheat, corn and barley
What grains contributed to the Middle Colonies' nickname of "The Breadbasket"?
The Breadbasket
What nickname did the Middle Colonies earn by growing wheat, corn and barley?
Virginia
What was the first English Colony?
Virginia
Which colony became the first to create an elected legislature?
Burgesses
What were representatives in the Virginia legislature called?
Four
How many more Southern Colonies were created by England after Virginia?
Maryland
Which colony did Calvert want to be a refuge for Catholics?
Calvert
Who wanted Maryland to be a refuge for Catholics?
King Charles II
Who wanted to start the colony of Carolina as a buffer between Virginia and the Spanish/French colonies?
Carolina
Which colony did King Charles II want to create as a buffer between Virginia and the Spanish/French colonies?
James Oglethorpe
Who wanted to start the colony of Georgia as a refuge for poor people and debtors?
Georgia
Which colony did James Oglethorpe want to start as a refuge for poor people and debtors?
Agriculture
What was the economy of the Southern Colonies based on?
Backcountry farmers
What job did most colonists have in the Southern Colonies?
Rice and indigo
What were the main crops of South Carolina and Georgia?
South Carolina and Georgia
Which two colonies had main crops of rice and indigo?
To repay a debt
Why did King Charles give Penn a piece of land?
Penn
Who did King Charles give a piece of land to repay a debt?
Religious tolerance
What did the proprietors of the Middle Colonies believe in?
Apprentices
What did the many young people who lived in the cities of the Middle Colonies become?
Money
What did the proprietors of the New York and New Jersey want to make?
Shipbuilding
What industry was growing in New England?
Roger Williams
Who from the colony of Rhode Island wanted to keep government separate from the church?
Government and church
What did Roger Williams want to keep separate?
William Penn
Who gave Pennsylvania colonists a representative government?
Charles Town
What port was important to the Southern Colonies because tobacco, rice and indigo were exported there?
Tobacco, rice and indigo
What was exported from Southern Colonies through the port of Charles Town?
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Define Proprietor
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Define Representative
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Define Treaty
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Define Free Market Economy
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Define Spiritual
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Define Free Enterprise
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Define Artisan
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Define Laborer
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Define Apprentice
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Define Plantation
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Define Legislature
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Define Refuge
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Define Debtor
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Define Indigo
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Define Overseer
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Compare life on a plantation to life on a small farm.
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Describe enslaved Africans' lives, work and culture.