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what is bureacracy
system of offices and officials that the pharoahs relied on to handle the business of governments
How did they grow a surplus?
Built earthen walls to trap floodwaters and was a form of crop irrigation
who united the kingdoms of Upper and lower Egypt and became first pharoah and created dynasty
What is a delta
is an area of sediment soil or minerals carried by water deposited at the mouth of a river
Who was the important god of all those worshipped by ancient Egyptians, also known as Sun God
Who was the woman ruler who followed all rituals expected as a king, built economy through trade?
who was the ruler best known for the battles against the Hittite and for building more monuments during his reign?
What was the Middle kingdom
dealt with the flooding of the Nile by building canals that could drain dangerous flood waters and irrigate new farmland
What was the Egyptian Society rankings or the Social Pyramid?
Pharoah on top, Nobles, priests and officials, scribes, merchants/artisans, then farmers/servants/slaves
What did people believe about afterlife?
if you lived a good life, you will live forever, If you were sinful you would be destroyed
Why did Egyptians mummify their bodies
they believed that they needed to preserve their body have an afterlife
Why did Egypt trade with Nubia
They lacked forests, minerals, horses and other useful natural resources
Trade between Nubia and Egypt created _________ since each country depended on the other for goods it did not have.
What was the name of the calendar with 365 days developed by Egyptians to link the seasons to help farmers called?
What was the name of the officials that were able to share and preserve knowledge for the Egyptians?
What did Book of the Dead a well-known piece of Literature represent
served as a guide to the afterlife for dead souls.
In what ways did the Nile River contribute to ancient Egyptian civilization?
Annual Nile River floods, fertile farmland in Egypt, Egyptians kept a calendar based on the star, Sirius, cliffs along the Nile River Valley served as sites for tombs and temples
What were some important achievements of Egyptians
hieroglyphic writing, a solar and lunar calendar and pyramid building.
Skilled artists created paintings on the interior wall of the pyramids and burial chambers depicting daily Egyptian life primarily to
provide the person buried with servants and things they needed
In order to construct the pyramids, Egyptians needed to be proficient in what fields of learning?
engineering and mathematics
What difference between the civilizations of Egypt and Nubia were the Nile cateracts responsible for?
How were the Egyptians able to predict when the Nile would flood each year?
By watching the horizon for the star Sirius to appear
What was papyrus?
a writing surface similar to paper named after the papyrus reed that grew along the Nile River in ancient Egypt
what is hieroglyphics
a system of writing that used drawing and symbols to represent words or sounds developed by the Egyptians
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