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20 terms

english: poetry terms

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alliteration
repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words in a line of poetry
assonance
repetition of vowel sounds followed by different consonants in a line of poetry
onomatopoeia
words whose pronunciation is the sound they describe
simile
a comparison of two unlike things using like or as
metaphor
a direct comparison of two unlike things
personification
when a non-human thing is given human characteristics
allusion
a reference in one piece of literature to religion, history, mythology, etc.
imagery
language that appeals to one of the five sentences
stanza
a group of lines in a poem
tone
the emotional quality of a poem or other piece of writing
diction
the particular words a poet chooses
speaker
the person speaking in a poem, not to be confused with the poet
hyperbole
extreme exaggeration
lyric poem
poetry that does not tell a story but is aimed only expressing a speaker's emotions or thoughts
ballad
song that tells a story
oxymoron
two opposite words put together
meter
the rhythm in a line of poetry
rhyme scheme
the pattern of rhyme of the ends of lines in a poem
internal rhyme
rhyme within one line of poetry, end rhymes
enjambment
is the breaking of a syntactic unit (a phrase, clause, or sentence) by the end of a line or between two verses, it is to be concentrated with end-stopping, where each linguistic unit corresponds with a single line, and caesura, in which the linguistic unit ends mid-line