40 terms

Grade 7 - Final Exam Study Guide (Africa)

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autocratic
government of Libya where the leader controls all media, is not elected, cannot be voted out of office, and has absolute veto power
head of government
the legislature in a parliamentary democracy elects the ________.
oligarchic
form of government in South Africa where the minority (whites) controlled all the instruments of government
unitary
government with a strong central authority that may change powers at will without consent of regional areas
Republic of South Africa
segregated country from 1948 to mid 1990s; some were forced to live on "homeland" reservations set up by white-dominated government int this country
Republic of Sudan
country is an authoritarian state; has an elected President and V.P; has a bicameral legislative branch; has a legal system based on Islamic law
food
lack of this is severely reduced during civil war and conflict in some African regions
females
this group traditionally lacked access to education in Africa
South Africa
this country is MOST likely to have the highest standard of living
education
this is stressed more in boys than in girls
traditional
this economy is based on customs and habits
command
the government leaders make all the decisions in this economy
mixed
combination of free market and some government control
consumers
most economies needs both free market and government control to be successful and protect _______.
Nigeria & South Africa
countries with a mixed economy
mixed
the type of economy of Nigeria and South Africa
tariff
tax placed on goods coming into one country from another
quota
a limit placed on the amount of foreign goods allowed into a country
embargo
a halt (or ban) on trade with a particular country for economic or political reasons
GDP
total value of goods and services produced within a country in one year
entrepreneur
someone who is willing to take a risk to begin a new business
different languages and culture
this makes Africa a diverse continent
Bantu migrations
this is associated with the spreading of Africa cultures
desert
this feature can cause an area to have a low population density
north
this region of Africa is likely to suffer from drought because of the Sahara
desertification
overfarming and overgrazing farmland causes this environmental issue
dam
provides irrigation water and produces hydroelectric power
water
important natural resource that may be limited in poor, arid African countries
Egypt
located in northeast Africa near Mediterranean Sea; also located in Africa and Asia
Kalahari Desert
located in Southern Africa
Sudan
this country is south of Egypt
Congo
2nd largest river in the world, and the deepest
Apartheid
policy that separated blacks and whites in South Africa
N. Mandela
imprisoned for 27 years; later became 1st black president of South Africa
Kenya
location where fierce warrior tribes prevented settlers from colonizing
Scramble for Africa
Liberia and Ethiopia were not colonized during this invasion and colonization of African territory by European powers; also called the "Partition of Africa"
Pan-Africanism
multi-national movement to UNITE Africa
F.W. deKlerk
allowed the African National Congress to operate as a legal party in South Africa
democracy
South Africa became this type of government after the end of Apartheid
colored, whited, Bantu
racial categories of people during Apartheid in South Africa
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