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ISS 315 Final Exam Hussain
Terms in this set (135)
Influence of politics on economics and vice versa is a definition of:
Which one of the following was one of the main goals of Classic Mercantilism?
Maximize the total wealth of the society & Increase the power of the state
Which one of the following was promoted under mercantilism?
Maximize production by economic oppression of workers, Prohibit or limit exports, establish colonies for raw material
Adam Smith was a strong proponent of free markets. Which one of the following was one of his ideas to achieve his goal?
Free trade, Division of labor, Freedom to own property, compete, and freedom from government interference
Which system tends to believe in trickle down economy?
What was the Iron Law of Wages?
The law to pay as little as possible to workers
Which one of the following freedoms was relatively very important to Classic Liberalism?
Freedom of markets to compete
Which term was used by Karl Marx for factory owners in Modern Capitalism?
Prior to arrival of European immigrants, land in America was owned by Native Indian tribes not individuals. What type of capitalism was it?
Karl Marx lists a number of things under forces of production. Which one of the following is one of them?
Labor, The raw material, money, machines, and infrasrtucture
Capitalists societies are unequal and hierachical. Which one of the following concepts best describes this situation?
Alienation from other workers
According to Karl Marx, which one of the following societies was based on "Natural Socialism"?
Hunting and Gathering Societies
What is Karl Marx's point of view on Middle Class?
He believes that middle class is not an independent class and that is workers for the welfare of the Bourgeoise
What is Marxist's point of view on religion?
Religion is used as opium by the Bourgeoise to exploit people
Which one of the following was labeled as half-baked cookie in our discussion?
Socialism in Russia, China, and Cuba
In the past 100 years, physical and social structure of the USA has changed dramatically. According to our discussion, which on of the following is the main reason for this change?
Change in mode of production
According to Modernization Theory, there are a number of industrialization. How does it influence fertility?
Industrialization leads to lower fertilization
Which one of the following statements best describes the main thesis promoted by modernization theory?
Poverty of nations is a product of internal factors
Socia scientists have criticized modernization theory for a number of reasons. Which one of the following is on of the criticisms discussed in our class?
european model of development is not replicable, history and conflicts were ignored, the theory is based on ethnocentrism
According to Moore's Model of Modernization, which one of the following is a consequence of industrialization?
Changes from simple to complex, changes in physical structure of society, changes in birth/death rates
Which one of the following societies is relatively a differentiated society?
Industrial and urban society
The Amish resist modernization and are not willing to change. Why?
Modernization contradicts with their value system
Why do Japan, Finland, Korea, and USA have different forms of capitalism?
Difference in religion, difference in culture, difference in environments
According to World System Perspective, what is the main reason of poverty of nations?
Exploitation by core nations
According to Robert Cox, what is the common agenda of rich nations?
Welfare of their own nations
Which one of the following characteristics refers to periphery nations?
You watched a video on Wallenstein. What did he say about the future of global economies and recession?
He was very pessimist about the future and global economy and predicted a depression in the near future
Which one of the following characteristics refers to core nations?
Capital Intensive, Politically Powerful, strong economy
Which nation was a core nation in the 19th century?
Generally speaking in which continent/region do you find periphery nations?
Which nations tend to have very high fertility?
In which continent do you find a large number of nations with relatively high life expectancy?
Which one of the following four nations has the highest Infant Mortality Rate?
Central Africa Republic
In which one of the following four nations do women have the highest use of contraceptives?
In which continent do you find a large number of nations with a very low GNIPPP?
Chapter 1: In modern societies what is the main force behind all economic activities?
Chapter 2: Wealth and power always go together. In modern civilizations, wealth is used to gain power. What was the relationship between power and wealth in traditional societies?
Power was the primary source of wealth
Chapter 3: According to Adam Smith, government should stay away from regulating the businesses and give them complete freedom. What was his alternative to government regulation?
Competition with other businesses is self-regulatiing system
Chapter 4: According to this chapter, where did the industrial revolution begin?
Chapter 5: We watched some of the images of factory workers during the industrial revolution. What was the minimum age of workers at that time?
There was no age limit and children as young as 5 years ild worked in factories
Chapter 8: Which one of the following is one of the main differences between European and U.S. capitalism?
Productivity in USA is higher than Europe
Chapter 10: Who were the two major opposing countries during the cold war?
USA and Soviet Union
Chapter 11: Former Soviet Block is no more a socialist nation. Which economic system has replaced socialism in this country?
Chapter 12: Which one of the following is a consequence of globalization for developed countries such as USA?
Increasing trade deficit, Increased inequality, Diminishing national sovereignty
Chapter 13: According to our discussion on this chapter what will happen if capitalism falls in the 21st century?
Capitalism will be replaced by religious fundamentalism
Chapter 1: According to the author, consumerism is the key to growth of culture of Capitalism. According to our in class discussion on this chapter, in most capitalist economies, which one of the following has been manipulated to promote consumerism?
Education, Culture, Religion
According to the author, what is the common characteristic of Thanksgiving, Santa Claus and Walt Disney World?
Promotion of Consumerism
Chapter 2: Which one of the following is not one of the five variables listed by the author under a primer in the culture of capitalism?
Which one of the following has been used as one of the strategies by capitalists to create a large pool of cheap labor?
Remove people from their own land
Chapter 3: Betting on the future of commodities is very common in the stock market these days. At times such speculative trades lead too the bubble in the market. A recent example would be the real estate in the USA. The author gives examples of such bubbles from 16th to 17th century. Which one of the following commodities in Netherlands had similar bubbles in its prices?
According to the author, capital in modern economies is controlled by corporations and institutions. Who controlled the capital in traditional economies?
Families and individual merchants
The nations around the globe help corporations such s Nike to promote their businesses. In which areas, states spend money to help corporations to generate more and more profit.
Communication networks, Financial Institutions, Lobbying for favorable labor laws
In a village in Kenya, the British soldiers captured a village and all of the land of the farmers. After this successful operation they posted a few soldiers in the village and moved on to the next village. The villagers over-powered these soldiers and pegged down one of them and urinated in his mouth until he drowned in his pee. What happened after that?
The British soldiers came back and killed all of the men in the village
Chapter 5: this chapter provides several possibilities why the demand for children in developing countries remains high. Which one of the following is one of the possible reasons?
Child rearing costs in rural areas is relatively low, old age security (economic assistance), Affirmation of family values
What is the prediction of Demographic Transition Theory on the future fertility of poor nations?
It will eventually stabilize
Generally speaking, societies that are highly industrialized, computerized, and have the latest technology are in:
Which economic system was in favor of offshore manufacturing if it was cheaper?
Which one of the following financial organizations was created as a result of Bretton Woods System?
IMF & World Bank
Economic, Political, and Military Domination to impose one's will on other regions/nations for its own stability is called hegemony. Which nation enjoyed hegemony during colonialism?
Which one of the following nations is in the primary sector?
Which one of the following is the main goal of the WTO?
develop rules and regulations that deal with international trade
Who owns the means of production in a welfare state?
Which nation was the beneficiary of World War II?
The story of Michael Fay was used in our class to illustrate that:
In Singapore, rights of community are more important than the rights of individuals
According to our lectures which one of the following is a serious problem for US economy?
Which one of the following is one of the problems of European Economies?
Huge Welfare Budget
European Union consists of a large number of nations from Europe. What was the first proposed name for this Union?
United States of Europe
After a performance in Moscow, the American Magician David Copperfield was prohibited to leave Russia. Who stopped him?
According to our discussion on East European nations what is the major problems with their population?
Negative growth of population
China has opened its door stop market economy. How has it influenced the political institutions of China?
China is still ruled by communist party with no opposition party
The Japanese model of development emphasizes on?
New processes and refinement of technology
Which one of the following was discussed as one of the problems of economies of Hong Kong, Singapore, Taiwan, and Korea?
Increasing inequality, exploration of labor, environmental issues
It was suggested in our lectures that wages in China are increasing and in the future this country may not provide cheap labor to the Western Corporations. Which continent/region was singled out as one of the possibility for cheap labor in the future?
According to our lectures which one of the following is a common problem of Latin American nations?
Corruption, Internal Conflicts, slow economic growth
After WWII most nations were divided into Soviet Block and US block. At that time, Poland, Czech Republic, Bulgaria, and Romania belonged to:
Which one of the following is the formula to calculate natural increase?
According to Malthusian theory on population, nature creates a balance between population and its resources by using a number of positive and negative checks on its growth. In which one of the following societies the negative checks have been very successful?
Malthusian Theory has been criticized for a number of reasons. Which one of the following is one of those criticisms?
His prediction on growth and food production was unrealistic.
Prior to industrialization, fertility was very high in rural America. Based on Caldwell's Wealth Flow Theory, which on of the following statements explains this phenomenon?
At that time flow of both material and nonmaterial wealth was from children to parents
According to Caldwell, in which societies, the material and nonmaterial wealth flows from parent to children?
What was the focus of the story about the game of Chess?
doubling effect on population
According to Demographic Transition Theory which one of the following leads to lower fertility in almost every country?
Education of women
According to the Demographic Transition Theory, which societies tend to have high fertility an high mortality?
Look at the attached pyramids, which pyramid would create a larger surplus for a social security system in the US?
What does the dotted line represent int he handout?
Over time population growth
In which continent/region do you find a number of countries with 100% literacy rates?
Which one of the following four nations has the lowest adult literacy rate?
Which one of the following nations has the largest percent of children under 14?
Which continent/region has the largest number of nations with the lowest national income in dollars?
In which country, the largest percent of population makes less than $2.50 over day?
Which country has the highest amount of female parliament members?
Which country has the lowest female enrollment in secondary schools?
Central African Republic
Which continent tends to have a higher share of female nonagricultural workers?
Which continent/region tends to have very few women in their parliament?
Based on our discussion on structural determinants of fertility, which one of the following statements is true?
As the education of women increases, fertility decreases
According to our discussion, what is the main reason for changing population racial/ethic composition of the US population?
Low fertility of whites, high fertility of minorities, high immigration of minorities
According to Malthus, positive and negative checks on population growth. According to him which one of the following is a negative check?
Under 1990 Immigration Act, which country received a special quota for immigration to the USA?
Bangladesh has a very high fertility rate. Based on your understanding of Demographic Transition Theory which one of the following strategies will help lower the fertility of people in Pakistan?
Industrialization and Modernization
A rich country with low fertility has hired you to help it develop its population policy to increase fertility. Using Caldwell's Wealth Flow Theory, which one of the following strategies would you increase in your policy?
Progressive tac subsidies and financial help for families and children
Romans belied that technology was inferior to pure science. How did this belief system influence environments?
It was friendly yo environments
what is water logging?
Over saturated land with water
Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) are known to contribute to stratospheric ozone depletion.Which one of the following is a source of CFCs?
Why does the cornucopian view contribute to environmental degradation?
This view suggests that all humans are entitles to a cornucopia of food
Which one of the following does not contribute to acid rain?
It was argued in our lectures that overpopulation is dangerous for our environments. Overpopulation in what countries is relatively more dangerous?
Overpopulation in rich countries such as Germany, France, United Kingdom, and the US
Which one of the following theorists suggested that humans can make agreeable compromises and live in small self-governing communities?
Which one of the following theorists suggests that scarce resources are the primary reason of environmental destruction?
Realism, Malthusianism, Liberalism
According to the video, the story of stuff which food in the USA has the highest level of contamination?
According to anti-domination theory who is more destructive towards environments?
Which one of the following is not counted as part of the costs of production in a capitalists society?
Cost of depletion and pollution
Theoretically speaking, which one of the following religions is relatively friendlier to environments?
None of the Above
Belgium ruled Rwanda during colonialism. At that time, Which ethnic group was supporting the Belgian rulers?
Which one of the following conflicts can be classified under Spiral Model of War?
Terroism by ISIS, Taliban, Boko Haram
What was the main goal of the Manhattan Project?
To build the first nuclear bomb
Which president said, if destruction ever approaches America, it will come from our own people?
During the cold war, the entire global community was divided into two blocks. Which pairs of countries belonged to the Soviet Block?
Hungary and Poland
According to our lectures, President Johnson was on tour to Pakistan where he was greeted by large crowds of people. At the end of the tour, he invited a Pakistani for an official visit to the White House. Who was this person?
A poor camel cart driver
According to our lectures what does diffusion of power refer to?
Fall of Soviet Empire
According to our lectures who is one of the beneficiaries of wars?
The defense industry, the academic communities, states and communities
In 1980s more than 50,000 schools were opened in Northern Pakistan to educate small children. These children were the future freedom fighters of Afghanistan. Who prepared the curriculum for these schools?
University of Nebraska
What is Yuka Mountain?
A nuclear waste depository in Nevada
Which paradigm would suggest that most wars are imposed on periphery nations by core nations for economic reasons?
World system perspective
Which one of the following does not refer to just war theory?
If necessary, the enemies should be executed so that they don't start the war again
Cold War between USA and Soviet Union is an example of?
Which paradigm would suggest that most wars around the globe take place to dominate scarce resources?
Chapter 7: According to the text which one of the following statements is true?
Americans love for beef and sugar is because of manipulation of culture by the capitalists.
Which one of the following two countries were the first to start feeding large amounts of beef to its soldiers?
England and Spain
As you know almost one million people were killed in Rwanda in 1994, The authors give a critical analysis of this genocide in the above article. According to the author who helped end the massacre?
None of the above
There are indigenous people in almost all continentals. According to the text indigenous people all overr the world have been victims of the process of nation building. Which one of the strategies used by the majority population ti clear the way to so called development?
Wiping out diversity, Capturing the land of indigenous people, control on education
According to the above chapter in 1902 British Settler in Kenya was captured in a village. The village pegged him to the ground and urinated.
The British settlers occupied the local land
According to the above chapter what was the leading cause of the Chiapas Peasants revolt against the Mexican Government?
All the good land was captured and given to the soldiers and other rich people
According to the author which one of the following statements is true about the protestors and rebellions around the globe?
Most of the protests were indirectly against the culture of capitalism
According to the authors what was the long term impact of the French Revolution in 1849 and the revolution of 1968 on the USA?
Greenly speaking it was positive
What is an anti systemic movement?
A movement against the expansion of capitalist world system
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