30 terms

poetry midterm

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poetry
Literature that evokes a concentrated imaginative awareness of experience or a specific emotional response through language chosen and arranged for its meaning, sound and rhythm
figurative
language used to create a special effect in feeling; characterized by figures of speech or language that compares, exaggerates or words that mean something other than its literal meaning
literal
The exact primary meaning of a word or words
speaker
the person who speaks or narrates the poem
Misconceptions
Only for girls
Always rhymes
About love or death
Uses weird language
Is stupid
I can't do it
theme
A statement about life that a particular work is trying to get across to the reader
Main idea
diction
An author's choice of words based on their correctness, clarity, or effectiveness
Some words are purposely chosen to represent ideas, not to come right out and say them
imagery
Words or phrases a writer selects to create a certain picture in the mind; based on sensory detail: touch, sight, taste, hearing, smell
Uses descriptive words to evoke the five senses
meter and rhythm
Describe patterned repetition of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry
These create a beat in the poem
verse
metric lines of poetry names according to the kind and number of feet composing it
refrain
repetition of a line or phrase of a poem at regular intervals, especially at the end of a stanza (chorus)
stanza
A division of poetry named for the number of lines it contains
rhyme
Similarity or likeness of sound existing between two words
Top and Stop
internal rhyme
Occurs when rhyming words appear in the same line of poetry
The rain in Spain falls mainly on the plain.
end rhyme
Rhyming that appears at the ends of two or more lines of poetry
I do not like green eggs and ham.
I do not like them Sam I am.
pulitzer prize
Poets, essayists, journalists can win this award
rhyme scheme
The pattern or sequence in which rhyme sounds occur in a stanza or poem
alliteration
Repetition of initial consonant sounds in words
assonance
Repetition of vowel sounds without the repetition of consonant sounds
simile
Comparison of two unlike things using the words like or as
He eats like an animal
metaphor
A comparison of two unlike things NOT using like or as
He is an animal when he eats
personification
Giving human qualities to nonhuman objects
The statue stared at us
onomatopoeia
The use of word whose sound suggest its meaning
hyperbole
The use of exaggeration for heightened effect
It was so cold penguins were wearing scarves
allusion
An indirect reference to art, literature, history, etc. that the author expects the reader to recognize
symbolism
The use of a person, place, or thing or an event used to represent something else
symbol
The use of a concrete object to represent something else
paradox
An apparent contradiction which is somehow true
oxymoron
A paradox where successive words seemingly contradict each other
metonymy
The substitution of a term naming an object closely associated with the word in mind for the word itself