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Psy380 Exam 1
Terms in this set (43)
Commonly agreed upon traits of children
Dependent on parents
Children are not responsible for their lives/actions
less agreed upon traits
Require separation from adults
Need foods, clothing, and toys
Absolutely require loving, supportive, educational environment
Empey et al.'s (1999) history of childhood
Indifference to childhood, pre 15th century
Discovery of childhood, 15th and 18th century
Preoccupation with childhood, 19th and 20th centuries
Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act
Why is it difficult to determine prevalence?
Most not reported
All of the following are commonly agreed upon traits of children except
In need of love
What is developmental psychopathology?
Interrelationship between "normal" and "abnormal" development, as opposed to mental illness as a discrete process
Bronfenbrenner's ecological model: Microsystem
Face-to-face interactions in immediate environment (Ex: family, peers, school, health services, church, neighborhood play area)
Interaction of 2 microsystems (Ex: Parents meet to talk to a child's teacher) (Ex: Father having a bad day at work → Halloween, Trick-or-treating → 1 microsystem would be work, 2 microsystem home)
Individual is not involved directly but is influenced by these systems (Ex: Mass media, social welfare services, legal services, neighbors, friends of family, parents' workplace) (Ex: Going to a college prep school vs public school → different neighborhoods)
Larger cultural contexts (Ex: Laws, ideologies, values)
Changes and continuities over time in environments or generation specific environments (Ex: 9/11, natural disasters, recession, digital age)
increase risk for mental illness, disease, etc
different beginnings, same ending
similar beginnings, different endings
1. The experience of chronic stress or severe adversity, or exposure to prolonged or severe trauma
2. The achievement of positive adaptation despite major assaults on the developmental process
3. The capacity to recover quickly from difficulties
Bronfenbrenner's ecological model takes a very broad view of influences on individual behavior
__________ are more likely to experience death as a result of maltreatment
Children >1 year old
Which profession was the first to become mandated reporters?
What is Battered Child Syndrome?
Diagnosable with medical and physical symptoms
The set of symptoms, injuries, and signs of mistreatment seen on a severely or repeatedly abused child
What does mandated reporting refer to?
The legal requirement to report suspected child maltreatment
What is the purpose of mandated reporting?
Increases access to resources
Penalties in AZ if fail to report abuse or neglect?
Class 1 misdemeanor
Penalties in AZ fail to report a reportable offense, class 6 felony
(child prostitution, pornography, incest)
6 months with a max of 1.5 years
Typical mandated reporters?
Mental health professionals
Child care workers
Law enforcement personnel
Commercial film and photo processors
Members of clergy
Parents, stepparents or guardians
Primary goal of CPS:
Investigating reports of maltreatment
Providing treatment services
Coordinating the services offered by other agencies in the community to child victims and their families
Implementing preventive services
Risk factors for child abuse
Experience it as a child
The tools CPS has when responding to report of child maltreatment: High Risk
Court-ordered serviced, intensive family preservation, child removal, foster care, adoption & criminal prosecution
The tools CPS has when responding to report of child maltreatment: Moderate Risk
Safety plans, family support, and community support agencies
The tools CPS has when responding to report of child maltreatment: lower risk
Early intervention, family support, parent education, housing assistance, and community/neighborhood advocacy
What are the challenges when interviewing children?
Short attention-span, difficult to understand
Memories may be working differently
Language barrier & understanding what is going on
The adoption assistance and Child Welfare Act and adoption and safe families act set ________
When can a child be removed from a home?
1. parents consent to the removal
2. court order or warrant
What are legal rights of parents?
Right to raise children
◦ Right to be informed of rights
◦ Right to notice
◦ Right to counsel
◦ Right to a hearing
◦ Right to confront and cross-examine
◦ Rights expand in the context of criminal
What are legal rights of children
◦Right to counsel
◦Right to notice (although usually goes to
◦Right to hearing
◦Right to a family
1. Cases are referred to prosecution in around 50%
2. Plea bargaining → defendant pleads guilty but takes a lesser sentence
3. Diversion program
Drug Court/Mental Health Court
4. Sex offenders
Guardian ad litem
a person the court appoints to investigate what solutions would be in the "best interests of a child."
Children who testify
Some children have been allowed to testify via closed
-circuit television or from behind a screen
What are status offenses?
A status offense is a noncriminal act that is considered a law violation only because of a youth's status as a minor. Ex: Truancy, running away from home and underage use of alcohol.
The only tool CPS has when responding to report of child maltreatment is removal of the child from the home?
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