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Terms in this set (42)
All original copy, including type, photos and illustrations, intended for printing. Also called art.
Usually a department within a printing company responsible for collating, folding and trimming various printing projects.
Printing that extends to the edge of a sheet or page after trimming.
Image debossed, embossed or stamped, but not printed with ink or foil.
A description or commentary of an author or book content positioned on the book jacket.
The decorative design or rule surrounding matter on a page.
Mechanicals, photographs and art fully prepared for reproduction according to the technical requirements of the printing process being used. Also called finished art and reproduction copy.
Abbreviation for cyan, magenta, yellow and key (black), the four process colors.
Refers to amounts of process colors that simulate the colors of the original scene or photograph.
To adjust the relationship among the process colors to achieve desirable colors.
The entire range of hues possible to reproduce using a specific device, such as a computer screen, or system, such as four-color process printing.
Way of categorizing and describing the infinite array of colors found in nature.
(1) Technique of using a camera, scanner or computer to divide continuous-tone color images into four halftone negatives. (2) The product resulting from color separating and subsequent four-color process printing. Also called separation.
(1) In typography, the assembly of typographic elements, such as words and paragraphs, into pages ready for printing. (2) In graphic design, the arrangement of type, graphics and other elements on the page.
All photographs and those illustrations having a range of shades not made up of dots, as compared to line copy or halftones.
Lines near the edges of an image indicating portions to be reproduced. Also called cut marks and tic marks.
Dot created by a computer and printed out by a laser printer or imagesetter. Digital dots are uniform in size, as compared to halftone dots that vary in size.
Relative size of halftone dots as compared to dots of the screen ruling being used. There is no unit of measurement to express dot size. Dots are too large, too small or correct only in comparison to what the viewer finds attractive.
Dots Per Inch
Measure of resolution of input devices such as scanners, display devices such as monitors, and output devices such as laser printers, imagesetters and monitors. Abbreviated DPI. Also called dot pitch. — (dpi) Considered as "dots per square inch," a measure of output resolution in relationship to printers, imagesetters and monitors.
To press an image into paper so it lies above the surface. Also called cameo and tool.
Encapsulated Post-Script file
Computer file containing both images and PostScript commands. Abbreviated EPS file.
Encapsulated Post Script, a known file format usually used to transfer post script information from one program to another.
(1) Any color created by printing only one ink, as compared to a color created by printing four-color process. Also called block color and spot color. (2) color that seems weak or lifeless.
The actual page number in a publication.
Size, style, shape, layout or organization of a layout or printed product.
Four Color Process Printing
Technique of printing that uses black, magenta, cyan and yellow to simulate full-color images. Also called color process printing, full color printing and process printing.
Arrangement of type and visual elements along with specifications for paper, ink colors and printing processes that, when combined, convey a visual message.
Visual elements that supplement type to make printed messages more clear or interesting.
Strip of gray values ranging from white to black. Used by process camera and scanner operators to calibrate exposure times for film and plates. Also called step wedge.
(1) To photograph or scan a continuous tone image to convert the image into halftone dots. (2) A photograph or continuous-tone illustration that has been halftoned and appears on film, paper, printing plate or the final printed product.
Printing technique that transfers ink from a plate to a blanket to paper instead of directly from plate to paper.
(1) Characteristic of paper or other substrate that prevents printing on one side from showing through the other side. (2) Characteristic of ink that prevents the substrate from showing through.
Raster Image Processor
Device that translates page description commands into bitmapped information for an output device such as a laser printer or imagesetter.
Sharpness of an image on film, paper, computer screen, disc, tape or other medium.
Abbreviation for red, green, blue, the additive color primaries.
Line used as a graphic element to separate or organize copy.
To compress paper along a straight line so it folds more easily and accurately. Also called crease.
Color produced by light reflected from a surface, as compared to additive color. Subtractive color includes hues in color photos and colors created by inks on paper. (CMYK)
Screening or adding white to a solid color for results of lightening that specific color.
To print one ink over another or to print a coating, such as varnish, over an ink. The first liquid traps the second liquid. See also Dry Traps and Wet Traps.
Translucent logo in paper created during manufacturing by slight embossing from a dandy roll while paper is still approximately 90 percent water.
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