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Society And Culture
The Fundamental Concepts
Terms in this set (70)
Persons, society, culture, environment and time.
Individuals shaped by their society and culture. They develop identity and learn to communicate and interact with other persons in society.
the way people organise themselves (people, groups, networks, institutions, organisations and systems) and link to each other (paterns of interaction in and between groups).
The values, beliefs, traditions, languages, technologies, morals, ethics and arts that bind a society together. These ways of thinking, feeling and behaving allow us to gain meaning from objects and ideas around us through the shared knowledge of a society.
Sometimes reflecting society's shared values it presents both opportunities and restraints and come in many forms (physical, social, physiological, emotional, psychological, economic and cultural).
It is a constant and in the society and culture course is used as an indicator of continuity and change.
The capacity to influence anothers course of action or point of view resulting in them doing something they would not normally do.
The legitimate use of influence/persuasion on others; rights, responsibilities, status, roles and expectations.
The social expectations linked to physical sex differentiating roles, life chances, behaviour, communication and stereotypes.
Any tool that makes tasks easier. Access to this is higher in developed countries.
This involves measurable, quantifiable data that can be generalised and compared to other studies and can also be displayed in tables, graphs and diagrams.
Analysis that is more subjective and detailed and cannot be generalised.
The study and interpretation of written and visual material. The categorisation of the themes and topics being investigated. Analysing things like the media often for bias, values displayed or techniques used (eg. attitude towards a particular ethnic group).
A series of pre determined questions that can come in the form of yes/no type responses, ranking/prioritising alternatives and scaling of alternatives.
The researcher asks the respondant fixed questions like in a questionnaire.
The researcher observes without being involved in any way and immediately takes notes.
The systematic collection of data derived from direct observation of the everyday life of a particular society, group or subculture. The study of a group of people for the purpose of describing the socio-cultural activities and patterns. Helps to understand the culture through the eyes of cultural informants rather than your own.
A series of pre determined questions that can be administered by mail or asked by the interviewer that leave the responder open to further explain their answer and give their own opinion.
Takes the form of a conversation between the researcher and the respondant and has fexible, open-ended questions.
Researchers take part in the daily activities of people and take fieldnotes either on the spot or soon after.
A group interview (usually 3-8 members) where a topic is given and the researcher coordinates the discussion.
When you explore and evaluate your own experiences.
Research where a system of moral principles is used for example gaining consent from participant, maintaining confidentiality and whether the research places anyone at risk whether it be researcher or participant.
Your own experiences of family, friends, teachers, sporting groups, neighbours, peers, colleagues etc.
The public arenas of government, media, laws and work.
Your own individual experiences that are unique to every person.
The generally available knowledge of the wider community.
social and cultural literacy
Becoming closer to ther social and cultural systems and gaining a greater appreciation of the components. The student is able to synthesise personal experience and public knowledge of both the macro and micro worlds eg. empathises with people of different societies and cultures.
The sharing of a common group in the spaces, resources and values of that group.
The act of sending and recieving information in a variety of formats (verbally, facially, using body language).
The clashing of opposing principles.
A process by which we become members of a society by adopting the norms and values and learning to perfom social roles.
The process whereby persons learn and aquire and build upon requirements of the culture in their society
The transfer of knowledge from one culture to another through either direct or secondary contact.
A number of things that can be classed together based on a set of common characteristics.
The joint action, teamwork and collaboration of people.
Inhabitant of a nation state.
Shifting from a previous position.
The standing allocated by society.
Refers to the structural components of a society through which its main concerns and activities are organised eg. media, the church.
Based on perceived common origins that people share a specific ancestry and culture that mark them as different from others.
our understanding of who we are and what aspects have shaped us(strongly influenced by society and culture and is your own sense of who you are.)
Refers to a group of people thought to have common features or characteristics (criteria can include wealth, employment or education).
The actions expected of a full member of any society.
A socially created aspect of social life. The meanings given to terms or concepts by a society.
coming of age
Linked closely to rites of passage, it carries implications of reaching a stage in life where society accepts that a person is now capable of accepting the responsibilities of adulthood.
A socially constructed term that explains the period/stage between being a child and being an adult.
differences of outlook or opinion between people of different generations
A system of dividing society into levels based on shared economic status, shared achievments or shared qualities.
nature vs nurture
How much of us is based on heredity and how much on environment. The biological you verse the social you.
Things common across cultures eg. It was found in a study that the incest taboo, marriage and heterosexuality are common across cultures.
The behaviour, belief and values portrayed in certain situations that allow others to interpret who we are, it is the expression of self.
Ideas or theories about the material or supernatural world that are not supported by factual evidence.
systems of knowledge
Ideas and information about the existing world that are supported by factual evidence.
Specific rules or standards of conduct that include things like laws that are the formalised version of these.
Sacred laws which are not always strictly enforced. Moral rules or ways of behaving that most members of society believe are essential for maintaining standards of decency.
agents of socialisation
Media, institutions, location, family peers and neighbours.
The conceptual, logical and research procedures by which knowledge is gathered and processed to investigate society.
A starting point (proposition) for evidence based reasoning.
The correlation between what research aims to measure and what it does measure (changing variables and sample size may effect this).
The extent to which research is accurate and consistent.
Onging in some form or fashion.
The belief that one group is of a higher status or class and is therefore better (us vs. them).
Being able to objectively make judgements about the relationship of parts to other parts (NOT "good," "bad," or "better".
A shared system of beliefs and values that systematically define a way of perceiving the social, cultural, physical and psychological world.
Treating a person or group differently, often in a negative manner, usually as a result of prejudice.
Refers to the body of doctrine, myth and symbols of a social movement, a social class or institution.
Preconceived opinion or bias against, or in favour of, a person or thing, characterised by stereotypical views.
Criteria used to divide society into groups according to perceived differences between groups.
A particular form of modernisation in which the methods and values of Western industrial capitalism are the basis of the changes that are occurring.
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