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Terms in this set (62)
-believe that they will have a cooperative management of society
-form communes, trying to build utopia - scientific method
-avoided class warfare and violence
-rejected industrial revolution
-wants to find a way to show light through the industry labor
-human behavior is changeable, not absolute
-created New Lanark Scotland utopia which collapsed after 4 years
-wanted to turn work into play
-that way he would help society
What were the 2 classes in Marxism
Proletariat (sells labor)
Bourgeoisie (buys labor)
What are the 6 stages of Communism?
2. slave society
-shared and got along
city-states and aristocracy
-aristocrats are ruthless; merchants evolve into capitalists
-break down into smaller kingdom
-capitalists are rulers; create and employ the proletariat
-society normally stops here
-they will kill any one who would could overthrow
-only way to get past this stage is to kill them off
a classless society
What are the 2 pieces of Marxism?
superstructure and base
(change one, change the other)
-if you change the environment, you can change people's beliefs
What does communism attack?
family and religion
Who's goal is it to make sure there are no more radicals?
This person also believed that a change of society can happen but slowly and began conservative liberalism. He likes keep tradition and the idea of the American Revolution.
Who believes in transcendent order and that society has natural leaders and orders. Also believes that property and freedom are important (custom, value of prudence)
Who are some scientific socialists?
Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels
Who came up with the idea that the world is moved by economic movements and was involved in the Communist Manifesto?
-society effects the individual
-abolish eternal truths, religion, and morality
-final expression of utopia
-nobody can own land
-income tax and factory labor
-bank controlled by state
-communication, centralization, and transportation controlled by state
-education was controlled
What brought about the Revolutions of 1848?
-2 years of bad harvest
-wanted things for lower class all over Europe
-Austria and Prussia eliminated feudalism
-Russia did away with serfdom
great powers wanting to expand their countries into other countries
ex. Britain had several colonies all over the world (Africa, Canada, India)
super-patriotism (worshipping your own country)
invest in armies and weapons, every issue looks like it can be solved with a military
the conflict of what power will control Europe
wanted everything to work out, saw everything as a celebration instead of a war
What was the 2nd industrial revolution about?
-steel chemicals including explosives and petroleum
-communication ex telegraph, telephone
all of this made death more efficient
What is pan-slavism?
"slav" = slave, the idea that all of the people who had Slavic ethnicity would come live in one nation (Balkins)
-considered very dangerous to the European powers
What was the two-power standard?
-Britain would build their navy as large as the next two most powerful navies combined
-caused other countries to begin the "Arms Race"
What were the two sides of WWI
Central powers - Germany, Austro-Hungary, Ottoman Empire
Triple Entente - Great Britain, France, Russia
Leader of France
Leaders of Great Britain
David Lloyd and George V George
Leader of Russia
Leader of US
Leader of Italy
Leader of Germany
Leader of the Ottoman Empire
Leader of Austro-Hungarian Empire
Franz Joseph I
What was the Pan-Slavic assassin group called?
The Black Hand
What country stood in the way of the Austrian expansion into the Balkins?
-ally to Russia
-warm water port
Who was the heir to Austro-Hungary- assassinated by who?
What resulted from this?
Gavrilo Princip (pan-Slavic Serbian)
-Austro-Hungary used this as an excuse to invade Serbia
What happened summer of 1914?
-Austria declared war on Serbia because they could not meet their demands
-Germany sided with Austria
-Russia with French backup began to mobilize army
-Germany declared war on Russia
Why was WWI a stalemate?
-defense was always going to be stronger
-technology created killing machines
What was the Schlieffen Plan?
German war plan to take out France quickly and move on to Russia before they mobilize their army. They didn't want to split the German troops - unsuccessful because they got stuck in Belgium and got into a stalemate with France
Why was the war considered world wide
the powers that were fighting brought in their colonies from other countries
What happened with the Armistice?
Germany and Russia signed treaty, leader of Germany fled, new republic created in Germany
Where was the peace treaty signed? What did it set up?
Versailles, League of Nations
What did Germany have to do?
war guilt, pay for the whole war
Describe the Spanish Influenza
-struck camps on Western front
-originated in Kansas
-greatest public health disaster
-killed 75 million in 4 years
What did the Social Gospel promise?
prosperity, peace, equality
What blended Christianity with socialism
-applied Christian ethic with social problems, called this Applied Christianity
-believed second coming wouldn't happen unless the social sins were destroyed
Called the father of the Social gospel, ministry spanned 6 decades, believed in Socialism as a Christian, "the end of history"
Christian theologian and Baptist minister, key figure in the Social Gospel movement in WA
Russian Marxist revolutionary, creator of Soviet Communist Party, leader of the Revolution and founder of the USSR, head of the Bolsheviks, established first socialist state
What happened in the Russian Revolutions
Feb- Duma seized control and Red Army formed
Oct- Bolshevik party overthrew Provisional gov.
Russian Civil War- Red Army wins creating own socialist state
White Army - Tsar army
leader of USSR after Lenin, harsh industrialization, totalitarian state
recalls former glory, supported middle class values, aggress foreign policy, ultra-nationalist, anti-communist, protection of business and class systems
strong central rule industrialization, all within state, none outside state, none against it - Germany, Russia, Italy
What formed because Germany was in total disarray after WWI
What was Hitler's book called?
What did Hitler want?
a single homeland for all German speaking people
intended to extend toward Poland and Russia
What did Neaville Chamberlain sign with Hitler saying Hitler would only invade a part of Czechoslovakia?
Was Hitler legally put into power?
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