ENS 200 Final Exam
Terms in this set (85)
Difference between a nutritionist and R.D.?
Nutritionist: anybody who knows anything about nutrition
R.D. Accredited by ADA and you enter in an approved dietetics internship of 1000 hours in order to receive certification. Must also pass a test
In CA do you need to have a license to practice nutrition?
No licensure necessary to be a nutritionist
What is a C.S.S.D.?
certified specialist sports dietitian
Certified specialist Renal Dietetics
certified specialist in gerintology
Certified specialist in oncology
Who publishes the professional code of ethtics?
ACE and ACSM
What are the four areas of specialized knowledge that quality practice of ENS as a profession?
Professional, workplace, theoretical, physical activity
ADA and ACSM speaks to conduct regarding what?
(1)dealing with peers-coworkers, (2) dealing with patients, (3) dealing with professionals
What are the areas of professional practice?
(1) Health and fitness-commercial aspect, (2) therapeutic exercise-tube-feeding (3) teaching P.E. (4) coaching and sport education (5) sport management.
Linda Copp, and R.D. with the credentials: C.D.E. and C.S.S.D. practices as a private practice. What are her daily responsibilities?
Client reports, diet analysis, recipe modification, recipe development, etc.
What is her typical work environment?
Works from home. Does not work on Fridays. She often rides her bike to the clients' offices or they come to her home. She conducts conferences and motivational talks as well.
What are some of Linda Copp's job tools?
Visuals, satchel, cooking classes, C.E.Us (Continuing education units), journals, Nutritionist Pro (uses various reports, recipe analyses and can create a label)
What organizations does Linda belong to?
SDDA, ACSM (american college of sports medicine), CDA (CA dietetic association), AND (Academy Nutrition Dietetics
What are some future outlooks for this profession?
Many facilities now have on site gyms/wellness centers for difference companies, obesity epidemic, childhood obesity and foodies/food network
Todd Durkin practices sports training and medicine; what is the name of his company he started?
Fitness Quest 10
What does Fitness Quest 10 provide?
Pilates, yoga, massage therapy, one-on-one training, group camps, etc.
What is Todd's main hitch?
Training elite athletes. Travels 30-40 times a year to instill motivation and drive.
What are some tools that Todd utilizes?
Body weight, TRX straps (resistance straps)
According to Todd what is the most popular crowd at his gym?
30-55 year olds
What age group most commonly enjoys fitness classes, boot camps, etc?
18-25 year olds
Who is Todd accredited by?
ACE: american counsel of exercise
NASM: National association Sports Medicine.
What are some upcoming trends that Todd talked about?
Small group training (crossfit) and technology is modernizing fitness with apps, streaming videos, etc.
What are some lessons that Todd wants us to take away from this?
(1) Practice, (2) Passionate (3) Make sure to have a business plan (4) experience (5) continue to learn and read
What is Todd's acronym for IMPACT?
M: master your craft
P: playing at world class
A: Action (NOW)
C: conditioning for greatness
What are some body composition assessments used by fitness professionals?
B.M.I., Body fat composition: skin folds, hydrostatic weighing, DEXA
What are some field tests for cardio-respiratory fitness?
VO2 max, resting heart rate, step test (how many times can you step up in x amount of time)
Max rep (squat, bench press, etc)-work at 75% of max ability, grip strength
What are some endurance measures?
20 rep max, push ups, pull ups
Flexibility. What is the bench mark test?
Sit and reach
What different settings can a health and fitness professional work in?
(1) Nonprofit: red cross, meals on wheels-28% (2) commercial: multipurpose, based on sales-26% (3) commercial: fitness only, based on retention in clubs and facilities-26% (4) Miscellaneous: american speciality health, employee assistant programs- 20%
Characteristics of a Corporate Dietitian?
Work for a company or corporation. Must have your R.D. Could work as an in-store dietitian like a personal shopper. Or you could work on menu scoring and menu development for a large corporation such as souplantation
Private Practice for Nutrition
An R.D. can do their own thing and almost act as a freelance dietitian. Individual diet planning, cook for individuals, counseling for eating disorder. It is their own practice so they MUST market themselves.
Companies hire an R.D. to consult with regarding menu, etc. You can also consult with the media. (Ex. for Fox 5-R.D. talks about diet/nutrition.)
Nutritional product sales
Go around to facilities and sell dietary nutritional tools. Ex. sell a product free of phenylalanine that is targeted towards people suffering from PKU since they can't properly break down Phe.
Analysits that make sure proper nutrients are in the food expertise working with companies. Do not need R.D. Accredited by IST: Institute Food Technologists
Food service and business management
This is if you wanted to open a restaurant and work with chefs, etc. Join DMA: Dietary Managers Association
What organization should a dietitian join?
AND: Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Who are group exercise instructors accredited by?
ACSM: American counsel of sports medicine
Strength and conditioning specialist?
Specialists that is typically more expensive and normally has a masters degree
Health and fitness counselor:
They provide general counseling tips. Salary position
What is an example of a health and fitness director?
Todd Durkin, runs facility completely.
Certification of a Personal Trainer?
Through ACSM you get your CPT (certified personal trainer), also through ACE.
What does TEA stand for?
Thermic effect of activity
What does TEF stand for?
Thermic effect of food
How many calories are in 1 lb of fat?
How do you safely lose a pound a week?
500 kcal deficit for 7 days would equal 3500 kclas and you can safely lose one pound per week.
What does Branda O'day do?
She is an advanced practitioner and clinical dietitian. She has worked in mainly acute care hospitals but also some rehabs and LTC facilities. She now works on the critical care team for nutrition at sharp hospital
Day to day of Branda O'day?
She goes around the critical care unit and observe inutbated patients and figures out how to feed them (formula, GGI tubes). She then coordinates with team and determines the nutritional assessment of the patient
What tools or technology does she use?
Moving towards computerized charting
History and trends of therapeutic nutrition
Used to be 80-90% of R.D.s in acute hospital care, but now only about 30-40% of peopler are in this sector
How is her pay determined?
The overall efficacy of care is how her pay is determined. How can you reduce the risk of heart attack in a patient. How are YOU making a difference?
What is more looked at? Big outcomes or small measures each day?
Small measures. mean body mass composition and atrophy of muscled is very important to track. Ex. 103% loss per week can result in over 30% in one month and thats a big deal!
Explain the Harris Benedict Equation
You calcualte the REE. (resting energy exped.) Then you factor in the TEF, which is normally 10% of REE. THen you factor in the TEA, which is the most variable of this equation.
What is a big factor of increased obesity?
People are still consuming a 2,000 kcal diet even though their TEA has decreased drastically over the years. People simply aren't burning the required 350 kcals per day
What are the 4 factors to build muscle
(1) extra calories: 700-1200 kcal in excess (2) Resistance Training: high intensity and moderate aerobic exercise. (3) Adequate CHO: stimulates more glycogen storage-60% (4) Protein: 1.2-1.5 g/kg of body weight
What does the fad diet Zone/South beach focus on?
High protein and low CHO
Why is the Atkins DIet unmaintainable?
Fast weight loss, but mainly due to water loss and decrease in kcals.
What is the main sign of a fad diet?
Elimination of a macronutrient group.
What fad diet focusses on non-processed food?
Paleolithic diet. This diet is very nutrient dense
What was the education route of Lea Thomann (physical therapist)
She graduated sdsu then went to usc for grad school and then came back to sdsu and works as the program and clinical director for the ATEP. Also works as a PT at Rehab unit with the SD sealions
What is a physical therapist?
A health care professional who diagnoses and treats individuals of all ages, from newborns to the very oldest, who have medical problems that limit their abilities to move and perform functional activities.
What is an Athletic Trainer?
Certified ATCs are unique health care providers who specialize in the prevention assessment, treatments and rehab of injuries that occur to athletes.
How do you become and AT?
Must earn a degree with an accredited Athletic Training Program then you must take and pass the administered exam by the BOARD OF CERTIFICATION (BOC)
What percent of certified athletic trainers hold at least a masters degree?
How to become a PT
Bachelors degree, accredited physical therapy school (accredited by CAPTE). 3 years total to get your doctor of physical therapy degree. Must pass the National exam by the state licensing board.
What are some specialty certifications for a PT?
cardio and pulm, clinical electrophysiology, geriatrics, womens health, neurology, orhto, etc.
Where do PTs work?
Hospitals, private practices, outpatient clinics, home health agencies, schools, sports and fitness facilities, work setting and nursing homes
Where do ATs work?
College and universities, physician extender, hospital clinical, sports setting.
What is the median salary for PTs?
ATs: about $41,600
What are some teaching professions for ENS?
Physical ed, sport instruction and coaching.
What are some teaching professions for nutrition?
Nutrition educators, community dietitians (groups of people counseling, SNAP, wick), school system meal planning to meet state standards.
What are the requirements for kids ages 6-17 years old?
Should be active >= 60 mins per day. 3days should include vigorous activity. PE predicted to grow.
What are the two methods of meal planning at schools?
(1) Food-based method: every lunch must have 1 grain, 1 meat, 1 dairy, 1 fruit, and 1 veggies.
(2) Nutrients based methods: must meet 1/3 of DRI in every meal. MUCH EASIER
What are the settings for a PE teacher?
Elementary level, middle school, and high school. Easiest at the elementary level because children like to play at this age.
What is the typical work life of a pe teacher?
180 days a year. get their summers and winter breaks.
What are the requirements and responsibilities?
Must have a bachelor degree and license. A masters is required at the collegiate level. Responsibilities: (1) curriculum development (2) lesson plan (3) instructing
What are some common research questions for the pedagogy of PE?
(1) How do you get and keep the student's attention? (2) How do you divide the time between lecture and practice? (3) What is the best way to reach audio, visual, and kinesthetic learning? (4) How do you motivate students outside of school.
How much time should be allocated to active learning time in order to prevent boredom in PE?
more than or equal to 50%
What does the Hot stove theory state in reference to discipline?
Adequate warning, discipline is immediate (just like how a hot stove burns you immediately), discipline is consistent (every time you touch a stove, you will get burnt).
What association would you join if you were a PE instructor?
NASPE: National Association of Sport and Physical Education
Explain what a sport instructor does?
Works with novices (LN softball league). Teaches how to dribble, pass, etc.
What does a coach do?
Perfects the skill and works with more experiences athletes (specific instructional activities to improve performance in elite athletes)
Which profession has more time with students?
sport instructors. Because coaches have much more to do including playbacks, scouting athletes, meeting parent, hiring personnel, etc.
What are the different settings?
(1) community: ymca, boys and girl club (2) institutional settings: school (3) commercial: private clubs, olympic setting