35 terms

US History II Chapter 21

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

characteristics of rural life
high morals, simplistic, more religious, less materialistic, self-reliant
characteristics of urban life
anonymous crowds, consumerism, pleasure-seekers, loose morals
Prohibition
production, sale, and transport of alcohol made ILLEGAL; launched by 18th Amendment; Volstead Act sets up bureau to enforce this but cannot be budgeted; repealed by 21st Amendment
speakeasies
hidden saloons, nightclubs where alcohol was consumed
bootleggers
people who smuggled alcohol from surrounding countries such as Canada and Mexico to consume/sell
Al Capone
"Scarface"; controlled Chicago liquor business by killing competitors
Fundamentalism
movement based on literal interpretation of the Bible; skeptical of scientific discoveries/theories; led prayer revivals
Billy Sunday
Fundamentalist who held emotional revival meetings
Aimee Semple McPhearson
Fundamentalist preacher who spoke on the radio
John T. Scopes
TN biology teacher tried for teaching theory of evolution in Dayton, TN classroom; later found guilty and fined
Clarence Darrow
most famous defense lawyer; defended Scopes
William Jennings Bryan
prosecutor is Scopes Trial; strong Fundamentalist; admits during trial that Bible can't always be interpreted literally
shared national experience
what radio provided for Americans that bonded people from all over the country
Charles A Lindbergh
first to make non-stop flight across Atlantic; from Midwest --> symbolized bravery and honesty in age of excess
George Gershwin
used jazz to create uniquely American music
Georgia O'Keefe
painted intensely colored canvases of NYC
Sinclair Lewis
first American to win Nobel Prize for literature; book- "Babbit"
F. Scott Fitzgerald
author who revealed negative side of the gaiety and freedom of the era
Edna St. Vincent Millay
celebrated youth and independence in her poems
Ernest Hemingway
author who introduced a simple, tough, American style
The Lost Generation
writers soured by the excessive American culture and the war who settled in Europe (expatriates)
James Weldon Johnson
NAACP leader who fought for civil rights legislation
Marcus Garvey
UNIA leader who believed blacks should return to Africa; supported black pride and black business; believed in African American solidarity (Pan-Africanism)
Universal Negro Improvement League
full name of UNIA
Harlem
world's largest black urban area
Harlem Renaissance
African American literary, artistic, movement that expressed pride in African American experience
Claude McKay
poet whose work urged blacks to resist discrimination
Langston Hughes
poems described plight of the working class; many of which were written in jazz/blues tempo
Zora Neale Hurston
work showed folkways/values of poor, Southern blacks
Shuffle Along
first black Broadway musical
Paul Robeson
major dramatic actor in London/NYC
Louis Armstrong
trumpeter; most influential jazz musician in history
Duke Ellington
jazz pianist and orchestra leader
Bessie Smith
blues singer; best vocalist of decade
scat
nonsense syllable singing popularized by Armstrong and Cab Calloway