U.S. Government Semester Review
Terms in this set (100)
A form of government in which the supreme authority rests with the people
The body of fundamental laws setting out the principles, structures, and process of government
Make laws, tax and borrow money, impeachment, issue patents and copyrights, establish post offices, DECLARE WAR, and approve presidential treaties and appointments. 2 yr. terms.
Commander in chief of the military, makes all treaties, appoints supreme court judges and ambassadors, proposes a budget, makes a State of Union Address, can veto bills proposed by Congress. 4yr terms.
The power to interpret laws, to determine their meaning, and to settle disputes within the society
An adjective describing a legislative body composed of two chambers
a person sent or authorized to represent others, in particular an elected representative
Formal approval, final consent to the effectiveness of a constitution, constitutional amendment, or treaty
Least number of members who must be present for a legislative body to conduct business; majority
Articles of Confederation
Plan of government adopted bu the Continental Congress after the American Revolution; established "a firm league of friendship" among the States, but allowed few important powers to the central government
Articles of Constitution
Someone who supports the Constitution and a strong national government. DID NOT support Bill of Rights
Someone who OPPOSED the Constitution and supports a strong state government and a bill of rights.
New Jersey Plan
Stated that all states should be seen as equal and therefore all staes should have one equal vote. It was supported by the states with the small populations
Stated that the more people a state had, the more power that state would have when it came to making laws.
every state was given equal representation
Declaration of Independence
Representation in the House of Representatives, every 5 slaves would be counted as 3 people
Separation of Power
basic principle of American system of government, that the executive, legislative, and judicial powers are divided among three independent and coequal branches of government; see checks and balances
Checks and Balances
One branch can check or control the power of another branch so that no one branch can become more powerful than the other.
Chief executive's power to reject a bill passed by a legislature; literally "i forbid"
A change in, or addition to, a constitution or law
A formal agreement between two or more sovereign states
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the Constitution
Branches of Government
Executive (President), Legislative (Senate and House of Rep.) and Judicial (Supreme Court and lower courts)
a group of people who seek to control government by winning elections and holding political office
The current officeholder
All of the people entitled to vote in a given election
A narrow minded concern for or devotion to the interest of one section of a country
Voting for candidates of different parties for different offices of the same election
a term applied collectively to the opposition parties in the legislature to indicate that the non-governing parties may oppose the actions of the sitting cabinet while remaining loyal to the source of the government's power.
separation of powers
Power is divided among three branches of government
Include Democrats and the Republicans
One of the political parties not widely supported
Happens between conventions. To prepare for next convention
the right to vote
A tax placed on the polling booths in order to vote
Off year election
Congressional elections held in the even numbered years between presidential elections
A party that a person identifies to
Identifies those people who have no party affiliation
right to vote regardless of sex
right to vote at the age of 18
Voting Rights Act of 1965
An effort to ensure voting rights for African Americans
A voter;s age, race, and religion are examples of the _______ factors that affect how he/she will vote
Two-year period of time during which Congress meets
Period of time during which, each year, Congress assembles and conducts business
Governing unit whose seats are never all up for election at the same time
The people and interests that an elected official represents
Election of an officeholder by the voters of an entire government unit rather than by the voters of a district or subdivision
Qualifications of House
Age: At least 25 yrs Citizenship: 7 yrs. Residence: Inhabitant of the State
Qualifications of Senate
Age: At least 30 yrs. Citizenship: 9 yrs. Residence: Inhabitant of State
Senate size, term length, date of elections, chosen
size: 100 Term Length: 6 yrs. Date of elections: First Tuesday in November of each even-numbered year. Chosen: State legislators
House size, term length, date of elections, chosen
Size: 435 Term Length: 2yrs Date of Elections: First Tuesday in November of each even numbered year. Chosen: Voters in district
power to establish post offices and post roads, issue patents and copyrights, fix standards of weights and measures, establish courts inferior to the Supreme Court, and "To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution the foregoing powers, and all other powers
A charge levied by government on persons or property to meet public needs
A person who inherits a title or office
To bring formal charges against a public official; the House of Representatives has the sole power to impeach civil officers of the United States
Find not guilty on charge
An order for a person to appear and to produce documents or tother requested materials
One who argues a narrow interpretation of the Constitution's provisions, in particular those granting powers to the Federal Government
more state power, less national government
a proposed law
Members of the House and Senate picked by their parties to carry out party decisions and steer legislative action to meet party goals
Assistant of party floor leaders
Member who heads a standing committee in a legislative body.
Various tactics (usually long speeches) aimed at defeating a bill in a legislative body by preventing a final vote; associated with the U.S. Senate.
"How a bill"
1. Introduced, given number, and title, read 2 times
2. Bill referred to committee
3. The majority floor leader calls bill to debate on floor
4. Senators may use the filibuster to prevent a vote on a bill
5. The Senate votes on the bill; if it passes the bill goes to the house
6. If the House passes a different version of the bill, a Conference is formed.
7. The conference committee works out a compromise version of the bill
8. The bill is sent to the president
9 The Constitution gives the President 4 options
Group of persons chosen in each State and the District of Columbia every four years who make a formal selection of the President and Vice President
An election in which a party's voters 1) choose State party organization's delegates to their party's national convention 2) express a preference for their party's presidential nomination
Meeting at which a party's delegates vote to pick their presidential and vice-presidential candidates
A political party's formal statement of basic principles, stands on major issues, and objectives
Speech given at a party convention to set the tone for the convention and the campaign to come
Qualifications for President
Citizenship: natural born citizen
U.S. residence: 14 years
President pay, terms, etc.
maximum term length: 8-10 years
Annual salary: 400,000
Annual expenses: 50,000
Line of succession
1. Vice President
2. Speaker of the House
3. President pro temper of Senate
4. Secretary of State
5. Secretary of Treasury
# of electoral votes
538 votes. 270 votes to win the Presidency.
In civil law, the party who brings a suit or some other legal action against another in court.
Ina civl suit, the person against whom a court action is brought by the plaintiff; in a criminal case, the person charged with the crime
A case in which a defendant is tried for committing a crime as defined by law.
A court's list of cases to be heard
Also called regular courts. Exercises BROAD judicial power of the United States
legislative courts. to constitute tribunals inferior to the Supreme Court. NARROWLY DEFINED POWERS
Supreme Court Justices
"rule of four"
The rule of four is a Supreme Court of the United States practice that permits four of the nine justices to grant a writ of certiorari. This is done specifically to prevent a majority of the Court from controlling the Court's docket
The authority of each State to act to protect and promote the public health, safety, morals, and general welfare of its people.
A court order authorizing a search
Reasonable grounds, a reasonable suspicion of crime
The formal device by which a person can be accused of a serious crime
A formal complaint before a grand jury which charges the accused with one or more crimes
The constitutional rights which police must read to a suspect before questioning can occur
Name the U.S. Senators from Texas
John Mcorny, Ted Cruz
What is the Texas Senators party affiliation?
Who is the U.S. Speaker of the House?
Who is the majority leader int eh U.S. Senate
What is the majority leader's political affiliation?
Which two specific political offices seem to be the most popular as a stepping stone to the office of U.S. President?
Senate and Governor