Choir Final Study Guide

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Terms in this set (...)

Score
What is a printed copy of music?
Score or System
What are groups of staffs connected by a vertical line or bracket?
Bar Lines
What are vertical lines that separate measures on a staff?
Double Bar Lines
What are lines placed at the end of a section or piece of music?
Clef Sign
What determines the pitch of the notes on a staff?
Treble Clef
*These notes are most often played on the piano by the right hand or sung by women's voices.
*The inside curve wraps around the line for the pitch G.
What is the clef sign that is used for higher notes and is also called the G clef?
Base Clef
*These notes are usually played by a pianist's left hand and sung by male voices.
*The dots after this clef sign are places on each side of the line for the pitch F.
What is the clef sign that is used for lower notes and is also called the F clef?
Dynamics
*may be soft, loud, or in between
What are the volume levels at which music is performed?
Forte-f
loud
Piano-p
Soft
Mezzo
medium volume
crescendo
gradually getting louder <
decrescendo
gradually getting softer >
a cappella
music sung with no instrumental accompaniment
accent
stress or emphasize note <
accidentals
sharps or flats marked in the score that apply only to the notes in one measure unless tied across the bar line; natural signs may be used as these to cancel a flat or sharp which is in the key signature
arranger
person who adapts music for certain voices or instruments or in a different style from the original composition
chromatic
notes which are a half step apart
coda
ending section of a piece
composer
person who writes original music
da capo
repeat from the beginning
D. C. al fine
repeat from the beginning and end at the word fine
del segno-D. S.
repeat from the sign.
D. S. a la coda
repeat from the sign and then go to the coda
Diminuendo
gradually getting softer
endings
a numbered measure or group of measures at the end of a section; they may be closed at the end, or if music continues more than a few measures left open
fermata
hold note longer than its regular value; length determined by director or solo performer
fine
the end
flat
lower pitch half step
harmony
voices sing different notes at the same time and support the melody line; the combined parts usually create a pleasant sound
key signature
sharps or flats marked at the beginning of the staff that apply to all notes of the name unless cancelled by accidentals
legato
smooth and connected, sometimes marked by a long, curved line
melody
series of notes which create the tune or main idea of a song
natural
cancels a flat or sharp
notation
all written notes and symbols which are used to represent music
octave
the distance of eight notes which is from any pitch to the next note higher or lower note of the same name
phrase
musical thought usually four to eight measures long and most often ending with a resting point; choral phrases are usually sung in one breath
repeat
what is it called when you repeat music between the two ends of the sign?
sharp
what is the sign called where you raise pitch a half step?
staccato
what is a short and detached, marked by a dot over or under the notehead?
tonality
what is the relationship of notes to one another which creates the feeling of a key or a center or home base for sound?
tonic
What is the main note or chord of key or song, the base for the tonality?
unison
What are voices or instruments perform the same part at the same time; voices or instruments of different ranges may perform same part in different octaves?