22 terms

Level 8 unit 5 vocab definition Civil War

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Proclamation
A public statement or speech that informs people of something important
Assassination
To kill someone for political reasons
Blockade
The blocking of a city or a port
Union
United States of America(North)
Confederacy
Confederate States of America(South)
Rural
Country side
Slave State
States in the South where slavery was legal
Free States
States in North where slavery was not permitted
Suffrage
The right to vote
Jim Crow Laws/Black Codes
State and local laws created to promote segregation where African Americans were treated as second hand citizens (1875-1965)
13th Amendment
Freed all slaves in the United States
14th Amendment
Guarantees citizenship to all former slaves and to anyone born on US soil
15th Amendment
Gives African Americans the right to vote
Citizenship
Having rights and responsibilities in a country
Klu Klux Klan
Terrorist group that emerged after Reconstruction whose aim was to intimidate and take power away from African Americans
Carpetbagger
A northerner who traveled to the South after the Civil War to take advantage of the situation by making money
Scalawag
Southerners that worked with Reconstructionists from the North
Sharecropping
Where land owners allow people to use the land in exchange for a percentage of the crop
Segregation
To separate something or a group of people
Plessy vs Ferguson
Supreme Court case that implemented separate but equal
Compromise of 1877
Formally ended Reconstruction in the South and brought in a new age of intimidation and fear for African Americans in the South
Emancipation
The act of freeing people from slavery
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