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Chapter 2: The English Civil War-people
Important people taken from Chapter 2 of Crossroads: A Meeting of Nations
Terms in this set (19)
Monarch who believed in the Divine Right of Kings.
Due to his desire to be an absolute ruler, for 11 years, he did not convene parliament.
English military, political, and religious figure who led the Parliamentarian victory in the English Civil War (1642-1649) by creating and training a "New model Army".
Asked to return to the monarchy at the end of the republic during the Restoration.
Succeeded his brother Charles II as Catholic king of England.
William and Mary of Orange
Invited to become the monarch of England in 1688 by Parliament at the end of the Glorious Revolution.
An adviser to Charles I, he spent money on building elaborate churches despite the wishes of the people, which led to violent attacks and vandalism by Puritans.
An adviser for Charles I who developed a list of money making schemes used to avoid recalling Parliament.
Adviser to James I and Charles I. Encouraged Charles to go to war with France and Spain. Disliked by the people and eventually he was assassinated.
This was the Scottish royal family that ruled England after Elizabeth I (the last Tudor); introduced the Divine Right of kings monarchy. Led England into civil war. Eventually ushered in democracy by signing the Bill of Rights.
1485 to 1603, England was ruled by Tudor dynasty believed in divine right. Shrewdly recognized the value of good relations with Parliament, very successful British monarchs (Henry VIII and Elizabeth I,possibly one of the greatest English monarchs in history); expanded central government authority and ruled as almost absolute monarchs, parliament was dominated by Tudors, furthered economic prosperity (transformed England into a leading world power), created Anglican Church (took power away from Pope), aroused nationalism, enjoyed immense popularity
From 1642-1649 the English Civil War was fought between the King's supporters, who were called ________.
Supporters of Parliament, who fought the Royalists during the English Civil War.
Supporters of the King (Charles I) in the English Civil War
Puritan supporters of Parliament who fought with Oliver Cromwell in his "New Model Army" during the English Civil War from 1642-1649
Ordered a new "King James" translation of the Bible into English.
He was the first king of a united England and Scotland.
He was the first Stuart king, who succeeded Elizabeth I, the last Tudor monarch.
illegally raised money, illegally imprisoned opponents, utilized Star Chamber Courts, antagonized Puritans by demanding their conformity to Anglican church practices; desperate for additional funds to suppress a Scottish rebellion, summoned Parliament into session (realized House of Commons was controlled by his enemies (Puritans) who insisted that he abandon his autocratic policies) unsuccessfully attempted to arrest Puritan leaders of Commons led directly to the outbreak of the English Civil War; beheaded in 1649 (shocking and revolutionary to try a king)
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