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29 terms

Chapter 13: Treatment of Psychological Disorders

Essnetials of Understand Psychology
STUDY
PLAY
Psychotherapy
treatment in which a trained prefessional-a therapist-uses psychological techniques to helpt a person overcome psychological difficulties and disorders, resolve problems in living, or bring about personal growth
biomedical therapy
therapy that relies on drugs and other medical procedues to improve psychological functioning
psychodynamic therapy
therapy that seeks to bring unresolved past conflicts and unacceptable impulses from the unconscious into the conscious, where patients may deal with the problems more effectively
psychoanalysis
Freudian psychotherapy in which the goal is to release hidden unconscious thoughts and feelings in order to reduce their power in controlling behavior
transference
the transfer of feelings to a psychoanalyst of love or anger that had been originally directed to a patient's parents or other authority figures
bahavioral treatment approaches
treatment approaches that build on the basic processes of learning, such as reinforcement and extinction, and assume that normal and abnormal behavior are both learned
aversive conditioning
a form of therapy that reduces the frequency of undesired behavior by pairing an aversive, unpleasant stimlus with undesired behavior
systematic desensitization
a behavioral technique in which gradual exposure to an anxiety-producing stimulus is paired with relaxation to extinguish the response of anxiety
exposure
a behavioral treatment for anxiety in which people are confronted either suddently or gradually with a stimulus that they fear
dialectical behavior therapy
a form of treatment in which the focus is on getting people to accept who they are regardless of whether it matches their ideal
cognitive treatment approaches
treatment approaches that teach people to think in more adaptive ways by changing their dysfunctional cognitions about the world and themselves
cognitive-behavioral approach
a treatment approach that incorporates basic principles of learning to change the way people think
rational-emotive behavior therapy
a form of therapy that attempts to restructure a person's belief system into a more realistic, rational, and logical set of views by challenging dysfunctional beliefs that maintain irrational behavior
humanistic therapy
therapy in which the underlying rationale is that people have control of their behavior, can make choices about their lives, and are essentially responsible for solving their own problems
person-centered therapy
therapy in which the goal is to reach one's potential for self-actualization
interpersonal therapy (IPT)
short-term therapy that focuses on the context of current social relationships
group therapy
therapy in which people meet in a group with a therapist to discuss problems
family therapy
an approach that focuses on the family and its dynamics
spontaneous remission
recovery without treatment
drug therapy
control of psychological disorders through the use of drugs
antipsychotic drugs
drugs that temporarily reduce psychotic symptoms such as agitation, hallucinations, and delusions
antidepressant drugs
medications that improve a severely depressed patient's mood and feeling of well-being
mood stabilizers
drugs used to treat mood disorders that prevent manic episodes of bipolar disorder
antianxiety drugs
drugs that reduce the level of anxiety a person experiences essentially by reducing excitability and increasing feelings of well-being
electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
a procedure used in the treatment of severe depression in which an electric current of 70-150 volts is briefly administered to a patient's head
transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)
a depression treatment in which a precise magnetic pulse is directed to a specific area of the brain
psychosurgery
brain surgery once used to reduce the symptoms of mental disorder but rarely used today
community psychology
a branch of psychology that focuses on the prevention and minimization of psychological disorders in the community
deinstitutionalization
the transfer of former mental patients from institutions to the community