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Totalitarian leader in the Soviet Union
Replaced private farms with gov't owned farms
purged millions of people who protested his gov't
a gov't led by a single party or dictator, that controls the economic, social, and cultural lives of its people
stressed extreme nationalism and palced the interests of the state above the rights of the people.
1. German fascism, unite all German speaking peoples
2. Racial purification - Aryan = master race
3. National expansion - "lebensraum" (living space)
border region between Germany and Czechoslovakia, Hitler gained it in the Munich Agreement
Prime Minister of Great Britain during the majority of WWII
had a close relationship with FDR
signed between the Soviet Union and Germany stating that the countries would not attack each other and would split Poland
the systematic/methodical murder of 11 million people across Europe, more than half of whom were Jews
"Night of Broken Glass," Nazi storm troopers attacked Jewish homes, businesses, and temples
dismal, crowded, segregated areas in certain polish cities which were lined with barbed wire and stone walls
"Cash and carry" policy
US would allow the sale of arms to cuntries if they 1) paid cash, 2) transported the arms on their own ships
Lend Lease Act, 1941
lend or lease arms/war supplies to countries that were vital the defense of the Us
A. Philip Randolph
labor leader and African American activist, organized but cancelled a march on Washington DC to protest segregation and discrimination
Office of Price Adminstration
OPA, gov't administration that fought inflation by freezing prices on most goods, raised income tax, encouraged sale of war bonds
War Productions Board (WPB)
ensured constant production of resources for armed forces, set which companies would convert from peacetime to wartime production, allocated raw materials, organized nationwide drives to collect scrap metal
Battle of the Atlantic
1942-1943, German u-boats lined US east coast, Allies suffer many ship losses however US begins effective production of ships and destroy u-boats to regain the Atlantic
Battle of Stalingrad
Winter 1942, German attack on Soviet city, Germans gained 9/10 of city, Soviet tanks surrounded city and force German surrender, TURNING POINT in WWII in favor of the Soviet Union
June 6, 1944
D-Day, Massive Allied land, sea, and air attack on German occupied France. Landed on the shores of Normandy in France.
Battle of the Bulge
Oct 1944, Hitler's last effort to stand ground. Germany army tries to break through Allied lines to Belgium, however failed, only creating a bulge in the line.
FDR, Churchill, Stalin met to discuss Germany's fate
1) Germany divided into 4 sections (US, Britain, France, USSR)
2) Free and unfettered elections in Poland and other Soviet occupied eastern European countries
3) Stalin joined war in Pacific and agreed to participate in an international peace conference
acts against the customs of warfare, such as the killing of hostages and prisoners, the plundering of private property, and the destruction of towns and cities.
Japanese constitution that includes suffrage for women and guaranteed individual/personal rights
Zoot Suit Riot
LA race riot between whites (especially sailors) and Mexican Americans and other minorities, lasted almost a week
Korematsu v. US
1944, Supreme Court ruled that the internment of Japanese Americans was a "military necessity"
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