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Local and County Government
Terms in this set (48)
Voter turnout at the local level is very high. It is common for voter turnout in a local election to exceed 50%. T/F
Governmental Powers of Cities
1. Police and Fire Fighters
3. Street Construction and design
Proprietary Powers of Cities
Operation on and maintenance of a public utility, or amusements owned by the city such as a golf cart. (owning something that generates revenue)
Like a constitution for a city
If a city has over 5,000 people it may elect this status. This city has more power. Can annex unincorporated land at will
look at a list to see what they CAN"T DO.
Governed by the constitution and state laws.
Looks at a list to see what they can do
1. Cannot annex property
2. Less power
3/4 of Texas municipalities are classified as general law cities? T/F
Powers of Home Rule cities
The power of citizens to propose legislation to get it on a ballot
The power to remove an elected official from office before their term ends
The power of citizens to recall unpopular city ordinances that the city council refuses to change
Home rule cities can instate term limits on elected officials...T/F
Widely used in rural and less populated where no city manger is necessary
1. Presides over city council meetings
2. Power to remove & appoint department heads
3. Prepare city budgets
4. Veto ordinances and actions taken by city council
5. Paid a high salary
Cannot do anything a strong mayor can do
Used by medium/large cities; a form of city government in which the city council and mayor hire a professional manager to run the city.
What are the powers of the city council in a council-manager form of government?
1. Approves of ordinances
2. Sets tax rate
3. approves budget
What are the powers of a city MANAGER in a Council-Manager form of government?
1. Enforces all city ordinances, rules and regulations
2. Supervises municipal employees and programs
3. Prepares budget
4. Can hire and fire at will
Are municipal elections non-partisan?
Direct supervision and executive powers over a specific department; Similar to plural executive of at the state leve
At Large Elections
Most commonly used in general law cities. The whole city is the district so everyone selects the nominees and the top vote getter wins. They don't run for specific seats on the city council.
Used in smaller cities where the whole city is the district but candidates must run for a particular seat on the city council
City is divided into districts and voters within those districts may only vote for candidates who reside in them
Greater minority representation in elected and appointed positions at the municipal level. Fosters ordinances and other mandates beneficial to minorities.
An independent self governing organization that comes up with its own purpose and is open to adults who live within it's boundaries. They would handle issues such as a city not wanting a Walmart or a liquor store. not an HOA
Municipal Employee Groups
Employees banded together to lobby at the state and local level.
Provide an example of a municipal employee group
Dallas firefighter association and TX municipal police association
Interest Groups at the local level
1. Ethnic groups
2. Neighborhood Association
3. 3. Municipal Employee Groups
Tax rate is expressed in terms of taxes per $10 the property value Most local revenue comes from this
Beer/Liquor licenses, Traffic fines, franchise fee, golf courses,water park admission
General Obligation Bond
Sold when the city need to raise money to build or improve city owned facilities
Sold for the construction or improvement of city owned property that is expected to generate revenue, like a sports arena or water park
Has 4 commissioners and is presided over by the constructional county judge; is the governing body of the country and ruled by the constitution
Constitutional County Judge role on the commissioners court
Presides over commissioners courts, participates in court activities and can only vote in the case of a tie
Counties legal officer and adviser, represents county in lawsuits
What is the purpose of the Misdemeanor Unit in the DA's office?
Prosecute all A&B misdemeanors and trains prosecutors
What is a determinate sentence
Offenders under 15 may receive this for certain types of serious crimes. Face up to 40 years; in a juvenile facility until 18 then sent to jail
At what age can juveniles be tried as adults in the state of Texas?
If a juvenile is convicted of a capital offense, what is the punishment he/she will receive?
Life in prison without parole
In Tarrant County, can you drop the charges if you don't want the person who harmed you to go to jail?
Is elected and..
1. Maintains county legal, birth, death, marriage and divorce records
2. Keeps track of real property (deeds, foreclosures, mortgages)
3. Collects fees and fines to give to treasurer
1. Collects taxes due to the county and state
2. identify taxable property
When you register your car you pay them
1. Accountant for the county;
2. the county's official book-keeper
3. Tracks all collections and expenditures
Tarrant county abolished this department
County Government Finance
Criticisms of County Government
1. Long Ballots
2. No home rule
3. Commissioner court cannot create countywide ordinances
4. Spoils System
Counties may not pass city wide ordinances..T/F
Examples of Non-Educational Special Districts
1. Water District
2. Utility District
3. Public Housing District
4. Hospital District
5. Public Transportation District
6. Flood Control
7. Mass Transit
Councils of Government (COGs)
1. Provide training for city managers and city council members
2. Asses' future environmental transportation, economic development, labor and land issues
3. Share research info
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