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41 terms

Disorders of the Human Body

Review this for the MATCHING portion of the Mid-Term Exam
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Diabetes
Disorder involving irregular levels of blood sugar (usually from dysfunctional cells in the pancreas that have difficulty producing or releasing insulin)
Scurvy
Nutritional disorder that results in a deficiency of Vitamin C
Rickets
Nutritional disorder that results in a deficiency of Vitamin D
Celiac's Disease
Disorder in which a person cannot digest the protein gluten in foods (found in carbs such as breads & pasta) that causes an inability to absorb nutrients
Anemia
Disorder that involves a low iron count in the bloodstream, which leads to difficulty in transporting oxygen
Lactose Intolerance
Inability for a person to digest the sugar lactose; usually associated with difficulty eating/digesting milk-based food products
Osteoporosis
Bone disorder, usually associated with aging, that causes the body's bones to begin thinning and easily fracture
Gall Stones
Condition that develops when cholesterol and bile salts form small deposits within the gall bladder
Cellulitis
Deep tissue infection (below the epidermis) that occur anywhere on the skin, but is usually found in the legs, arms and face
Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome
Connective tissue disorder that results in "super-stretchy" skin and hypermobile joints
Marfan Syndrome
Genetic disorder that causes abnormal connective tissue development (weakness in the tissues of the bones, eyes, muscles). Patients will also have a longer wingspan than height, and abnormally long fingers
Osteogenesis Imperfecta
Genetic disorder that affects the development of bone/osseous tissue, resulting in "brittle bone" disease
Fibromyalgia
Disorder of the muscle tissue and associated joints
Ringworm
Fungal infection in which the rash forms a circular shape on the skin
Impetigo
Highly contagious bacterial skin infection, that usually affects exposed areas such as the face/skin around the nose
Acne
Inflammation of the sebaceous glands of the sking
Melanoma
Cancer of the melanocytes of the skin; has the ability to spread rapidly in the body
Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Cancer of the (squamous cells) of the epidermis, usually on sun-exposed portions of the body
Basal Cell Carcinoma
Tumors that arise from the epidermis (basal layer) and rarely spread
1st Degree Burn
Slight injury to the epidermis (usually sunburn) associated with redness of the skin
2nd Degree Burn
Injury of the skin that includes both the epidermis and part/all of the dermis; usually associated with blistering
3rd Degree Burn
Extensive injury to the skin in which the epidermis, dermis and part/all of the hypodermis, as well the accessory organs of the skin, are severely damaged
Fever Blisters
Cold sores of the mouth, caused by the Herpes Simplex I virus
Plantar Warts
Viral infections located on the bottom/sole of the foot
Bedsores (Decubitis)
Condition caused by the constant deficienty of blood to tissues over a bony projection that has been subjected to prolonged pressure (such as a bed, cast, or splint)
Osteopenia
Precursor condition to osteoporosis; it consists of a lower than normal bone density, but not quite low enough to be classified as osteoporosis
FOP (Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva)
Rare genetic mutation where soft tissues of the body (ligaments, tendons, muscles) begin to form bone, eventually prohibiting movement in the joints of the body
Osteosarcoma
Bone cancer, usually found in the long bones of the body
Leukemia
Cancer of the blood/bone marrow that affects the white blood cells (large numbers of white blood cells develop, but never mature, making the patient very susceptible to infections)
Cleft Palate
Condition that occurs when the bones of the maxilla do not fuse properly during fetal development, leading to facial defomities of the upper lip region
Herniated Disc
Injury that occurs when an invertebral disc of the spinal column moves out of place, pinching a never and causing pain, numbness & tingling, or possibly loss of function
Scolosis
Irregular (lateral) curvature of the spinal column
Osteoarthritis
Chronic degeneration of the hyaline cartilage within the joints of the body
Gout
Condition that develops as a result of sodium urate crystals that accumulate in the blood; usually common in the foot/big toe
Lyme Disease
Bacterial infection carried by deer ticks that causes a bull's-eye shaped rash, joint inflammation, and can lead to neurological conditions (Bell's Palsy)
Dislocation
Also known as a luxation; an injury that occurs when a bone is displaced from a joint in the body (usually resulting in the tearing of various ligaments/tendons that are associated with the joint)
Sprain
Injury that occurs with a forcible twisting motion of a joint, usually stretching or rupturing the ligaments that support it (classified as 1st, 2nd, or 3rd degree)
Appendicitis
Digestive system disorder that includes acute pain in the RIGHT iliac region, as often accompanied by fever, naseau, and other infection-type symptoms
Craniosynostosis
Disorder of the skeletal system in which the sutures of the skull fuse together too quickly in young children, causing difficulty for the brain to grow
Psoriasis
Skin condition in which the cells grow too quickly, causing patches of dry skin to accummulate and flake off.
Vitiligo
Skin disorder in which the melanocytes are no longer functional, and can no longer produce pigment.