Literary Terms and Elements

A set of flashcards showing the names and definitions of litrary terms and elements.
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Narrator
Someone who tells a story
Plot
The sequence of events in a story
Exposition
Introduces the characters, setting, and basic situation
Rising Action
Events leading to the climax, conflict is present, suspense is present, longest portion of the story
Climax
Most exciting moment of the story; turning point
Falling Action
Events after the climax, leading to the resolution
Resolution
Finding a solution to a problem
Setting
The time and place of the story (where and when it takes place)
Time/Place/Season/Period/Mood
Characters
The people, animals, or things in a story.
(Protagonist/Antagonist)
Summarizing
To tell briefly in your own words the main ideas or events of a piece of writing, omitting unimportant details.
Symbol
something visible that by association or convention represents something else that is invisible
Point of view
A writers choice of a narrator
(Method of narrating a story)
First Person
The narrator is a character in the story
*uses pronounse; I, Me
*Describes his or her own thoughts
*Doese not know what other characters are thinking and feeling
3rd Person Limited
1 person
The narratoer tells the thoughts and feelings of only one character

*Narrater is NOT a character in the story
(his, she,he, her)
3rd Person Omniscent
Narrator is NOT a character in the story
Narrator can feel the thoughts, feelings and motives of of ALL characters
(he, she, his, her)
Character Traits
A character's original qualities shown through how they act, what they say, and what others think about them, (the qualities that make up a character's personality)
Conflict
A clash between opposing forces in a literary work (story).
such as:
Man vs. Man
Man vs. nature
Man vs. God
Man vs. Self
Man vs. Man
Man vs. Society
Man vs. Nature
Man vs.Technology
External Conflict
Man vs. Man
Man vs. Society
Man vs. Nature
Man vs.Technology
Internal
conflict that is a struggle within one character and the stuggle exists inside that character.
Connections
Text to Text
Text to Self
Text to World
Foreshadowing
The use of hints and clues to suggest what will happen later in a plot
Flashback
A scene or event from the past that appears in a narrative out of chronological order, to fill in information or explain something in the present
Theme
The story's message about life

*The author may state directly the theme, or you may have to infer from the details
Mood
The feeling or atmosphere the writer creates for the reader
Tone
The expression of the attitude the writer takes toward a subject
Irony
A contrast between expectation and reality
(what is expected to happen and what actually happens)
Dialect
The usage or vocabulary that is characteristic of a specific group of people
Dialogue
A literary composition in the form of a conversation between two people
Imagery
The ability to form mental images of things or events
Fiction
a literary work based on the imagination and not necessarily on fact
(may not be a true story)
Realistic fiction
A story containing unreal, imaginary features
(highly imaginative writing that contains elements not found in real life)
Fantasy
A story containing unreal, imaginary features, highly imaginative writing that contains elements not found in real life
Historical Fiction
Real events, places, or people are incorporated into a fictional or imaginative story
Literal Language
A form of language in which writers and speakers mean exactly what their words denote.
Figurative Language
Writing or speech that is not meant to be taken literally
Similie
Compares two different things using "like" or "as"
Alliteration
The repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words
Metaphore
Compares 2 things as if they were the same without the words "like" or "as"
Onomatapea
Poets use this technique to show how things sound
Personification
The act of attributing human characteristics to abstract ideas etc.
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