APWH 19: Increasing Influence of Europe
An economic and defensive alliance of the free towns in northern Germany, founded about 1241 and most powerful in the fourteenth century.
The establishment of a widely accepted currency for exchange.
A medieval European association of men & women such as merchants, artisans, or professors, who worked in a particular trade and banded together to promote their economic and political interests.
The informal code of conduct for the nobility of Europe in beginning in the late middle ages.
A person who supports the arts or artists by providing financing for them.
Medieval intellectual movement to harmonize the Bible and Aristotle's teachings. Started by Thomas Aquinas.
Architecture of the twelfth-century Europe featuring stained-glass windows, flying buttresses, tall spires, and pointed arches.
William the Conqueror
Norman ruler who invaded England in 1066, extended a tight feudal system to England, established a highly centralized monarchy, and introduced French as the language of the nobility.
Otto the Great
German who increased his power by aiding the pope, ultimately being named Holy Roman Emperor.
A series of wars between Muslims and medieval European Christians over land in the Middle East.
A religion-themed journey to a sacred location.
The expelling of Muslims from Spain. Completed in 1492.
Speaking against the church or a church doctrine.
English document signed by John I that declared that the king was subject to the same laws as the people. The origin of due process and fair/speedy trial.
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