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19 terms

Ch. 8 online quiz

ch. 8 online quiz
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historical
Scholars of critical criminology are more likely to examine ______ trends and patterns rather than perform surveys and analyze data
structural critical criminology
________ theory states the relationship between law and capitalism is unidirectional
capitalist bourgeoisie
The owners of the means of production are the _______
left realism
_______ holds that street criminals prey on the poor and disenfranchised, thus making the poor doubly abused, first by the capitalist system and then by members of their own class
George Vold
_______ argued that laws are created by poltically oriented groups, who seek the government's assistance to help them defend their rights and protect their interests.
Reintegrative shaming
_______occurs when disapproval is extended to an offenders evil deeds, while at the same time those offenders who can be reaccepted by society are cast as respected people.
Instrumental theorists
______view criminal law and the criminal system as instruments for controlling the poor, have-not members of society.
law
Conflict promotes crime by creating a social atmosphere in which the ______ is a mechanism for controlling dissatisfied, have-not members of society while the wealthy maintains their power.
historical analysis
Critical criminologists are more likely to examine _______ rather than to use more empirical methods, such as surveys and data analysis.
restoration
The _____ process begins by redefining crime in terms of a conflict among the offender, the victim, and affected community.
peacemaking criminology
The purpose of _______________ is to promote a peaceful and just society.
marginalization
Conflict theorists believe this occurs when people are thrust outside of the economic mainstream, forcing a larger portion of the population to live in areas conductive to crime
Critical criminology
The view that the inter-group conflict and rivalry that exists in every society causes crime is known as_________
state crime
is acts defined by law as criminal and committed by state officials, either elected or appointed, in persuit of their jobs as government representatives
Preemptive deterrence
______ is an approach in which community organization efforts eliminate or reduce crime before police involvement becomes necessary
structuralists
theorists who view the law as used to maintain the long-term interests of the capitalist system and to control members of any class who threaten its existence are known as_____
patriarchal system
Gender differences can be traced to the development of private property and male domination of the laws of inheritance, which led to a ____________ of male control over property and power.
Marginalization
______ thrusts people outside of the economic mainstream forcing them to live in areas conducive to crime
political
According to critical criminologists, crime is a _______ concept designed to protect the power and position of the upper classes at the expense of the poor.