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Philosophy Nagel "Moral Luck"
Terms in this set (7)
Nagel Moral Luck
It seems wrong to evaluate whether or not someone is good based on luck - but it is what we do anyway.
John Doe grows up in Nazi Germany and becomes a Nazi.
If he had been born on a farm in Argentina, he never would have committed any of those crimes and would have been a simple farmer
The drunk driver who swerves onto the sidewalk and kills a pedestrian has done something morally worse than the drunk driver who swerves onto the sidewalk and kills no one?
False - Neither should have been driving drunk. It would be wrong to evaulate this scenario based on moral luck - whether or not someone is good or bad because of their lucky or unlucky circumstances.
Drunk driver who swerves onto sidewalk (without killing anyone) vs. the driver who does not
The running bath - assess no differently if baby drowns
The drunk driver who swerves onto the sidewalk and the drunk driver who did not should not be evaluated by moral luck - whether they are good or bad because of their lucky or unlucky circumstances
The running bath - the parents who left their baby in the running bath water are just as guilty as the parents who accidentally let their baby drown. The parents with the baby who surived were luckier but equally as guilty.
A paradox emerges as soon as we forgive any moral act due to a persons' not being in control of it.
The drunk driver who killed no one
The parents who let the water fun but whose baby did not drown
If agree with the "it was not under his control" factor then...
the responsible self disappears
If you cannot acknowledge and accept your consequences...
then the paradox of moral luck leaves you with "no one to be".
Objection: Is the "will itself all that matters?" Can we discount all cause and effect?
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
PHI 221 Exam 3
Philosophy and Society: Final
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