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51 terms

random mcat stuff

STUDY
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which valve separates the RA and RV
tricuspid valve
which valve separates the LA and LV
mitral
function of nucleolus
synthesizes ribosomal RNA (rRNA)
function of ribosomes
site of protein translation
ductus venosus
shunts blood away from fetal liver (directly to IVC)
foramen ovale
diverts blood away from pulmonary arteries (directly from R to L atrium)
ductus arteriosus
shunts blood directly from the pulmonary artery into the aorta
tidal volume
normal amount of air inhaled
duodenum
responsible for digestion
jejunum and ileum
responsible for absorption
where does glycolysis occur
cytoplasm
where does fermentation occure
cytoplasm
where does pyruvate get converted to Acetyl CoA
mitochondrial matrix
where is the citric acid cycle
mitochondrial matrix
where is the ETC
inter mitochondrial membrane
order of embryonic stages
zygote, morula, blastula, gastrula, neurula
ectoderm
hair, nails, eyes, nervous system (brain)
endoderm
linnings of resp. and digestive tracts,
mesoderm
skeletal system, circ. system, excretory system, connective tissue
glucagon does what
increases blood glucose levels
peptide vs. steroid hormones
peptide hormones bind to receptors and steroid hormones enter the cell
exon
coding sequence
intron
non-coding sequence
where does resp occur in bacterial cell
cellular membrane
resting neuron - where is Na and K
Na+ is higher on the outside and K+ is higher on the inside (watch this online)
where does protein digestion begin
stomach
where does lipid digestion begin
small intestine
possible products of fermentation
ethanol and lactic acid
nucleon
a proton or neutron
direction of current =
direction of positive ions
impulse J =
Forcetime (Ft)
focal length f =
r/2
density (p) =
m/V
pressure (P) =
F/A
intensity (I) =
Power/Area
bronsted lowry acid
a species that donates protons
bronsted lowry base
a species that accepts protons
A + X ---> AX
addition
AX ---> A + X
decomposition
AX + B ---> BX + A
single displacement
AX + BY ---> AY + BX
double displacement
a positive delta H corresponds to
an endothermic reaction
entropy
measure of randomness of a system. ex. gas has a higher entropy than liquid
FC =
Ve - (1/2 N bonding + N nonbonding)
the higher the Ecell, the...
more likely to be reduced
the lower the Ecell, the....
more likely to get oxidized
Ecell =
Ereduction - E oxidation
determine number of poss. stereoisomers in a moleclue
2^n n=chiral carbons
lewis acid
electron pair acceptor
lewis base
electron pair donator
formula for carbohydrate
Cm(H2O)n