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Civics Midterm Study Guide
Terms in this set (85)
What year was Roe v. Wade?
Who believes in the greatest good for the greatest number?
Which thinker promoted utilitarianism?
John Stuart Mill
T/F: The Catholic Church opposes abortion in cases of rape and incest.
T/F:The Catholic Church opposes abortion even when the life of the mother is at stake.
What is it called when a navy blockades a country?
What is it called when a country refuses to do business with another country?
What does "UN" stand for?
What is it called when a country shoots down aircraft over a given territory?
What is a coup?
when an armed group overthrows a government
What does NATO stand for?
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
Why was NATO created?
to contain the Soviet Union
The Kyoto Protocol was designed to address which problem?
T/F:Global warming is solely a political question
What is a refugee?
a person fleeing tyranny, terrorism, or disaster
T/F:For a long time, America has taken refugees
T/F:Most people living in poverty are poor by choice
T/F:All poor people are lazy
T/F:Often, being poor means your children have fewer opportunities
T/F:Poverty is the leading cause of abortion
T/F:Adam Smith believed capitalism helps the poor get out of poverty
T/F:Pope Francis believes the sometimes capitalism leaves the poor poorer
T/F:Americans abandoned racist laws because of the free market
T/F:Jesus said, " The poor will be with you always"
T/F:The Catholic Church teaches that the wealthy have a duty to help the poor
T/F:Presidents are elected by the popular vote
T/F:A candidate can become president without winning the popular vote
Who won the popular vote in the 2016 election?
rule by all
rule by none
rule by a religious figure
rule by the wealthy
rule by the elite
rule by king or emperor
monarchy (absolute or constitutional)
no private property
the domestic church
written document that lays out how a government will work
sum of money demanded by a government
right to rule
system of ideas
What book did Adam Smith write?
Wealth of Nations
What book did Rousseau write?
The Social Contract
What book did John Stuart Mill write?
What book did Machiavelli write?
What book did Thomas Hobbes write?
What book did John Locke write?
Two Treatises of Government
What did Thomas Jefferson help write?
Declaration of Independence
What religion is Hobbes?
in the closet atheist
What groups were suspicious of liberalism?
Conservative upper class (Aristocracy), Socialism, Organized religions, Militarism and imperialism
ship ride slaves took across the Atlantic to other countries
works for a certain number of years to pay off debt
slave for life
age of Capitalism
people react against capitalism
How many people died during 9/11?
Who led the attack on 9/11?
Osama Bin Laden
Nixon sent people to steal files from the Democrats
What two superpowers "fought" in the cold war?
U.S. vs. Soviet Union
When did the Cold War start? End?
started in 50s; ended in 90s
How many abortions are preformed each day?
war is a great option
Catholic Church on subsidiarity (government size)
small as possible but big enough to get the job done
Catholic Church on private property
believes in it but conditionally
Which thinkers believe in a social contract?
all but Machiavelli ( Smith, Mill, Jefferson, Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau)
Which school of thought had these beliefs about the U.S. relationship with other countries: international laws, alliances, and agreements and believes America SHOULD NOT TAKE unilateral actions (actions taken alone, without other nations).
Which school of thought had these beliefs about the U.S. relationship with other countries: Supports international law, alliances, and agreements but believes America MUST OFTEN TAKE unilateral actions (actions taken alone, without other nations).
Which school of thought had these beliefs about the U.S. relationship with other countries: Believes business and trade, not wars or alliances, build bonds between nations.
Which school of thought had these beliefs about the U.S. relationship with other countries: Opposes international law, alliances, and agreements and believes America should deal with other nations as little as possible.
If you misrepresented someone's argument to make
it easier to attack, you committed the _____ fallacy.
If you presented two alternative states as the only
possibilities, when in fact more possibilities exist, you committed the ________ fallacy.
If you appealed to popularity or the fact that many people do something as an attempted form of validation, you committed the __________ fallacy.
If you cherry-picked a data cluster to suit your
argument, you've committed the ______ fallacy.
If you avoided engaging with criticism by turning
criticism back on your accuser, you committed the
If you said that if we allow A to happen, then Z will eventually happen too, therefore A should not happen, you committed the __________ fallacy.
If you make a claim and demand your opponent prove your claim false, you committed the __________ fallacy.
burden of proof
If you attempted to manipulate an emotional
response rather than offering a valid or compelling
argument, you committed the __________ fallacy.
appeal to emotion
If you judged something as either good or bad on the basis of where it came from, or from whom it came, you committed the __________ fallacy.
If you used a personal experience instead of an argument, you've committed the _____ fallacy.
If you claimed that the middle point between two extremes must be the truth, you committed the __________ fallacy.
If you found something difficult to understand and decided this means the claim isn't true, you committed the __________ fallacy.
If you appealed to purity as a way to dismiss relevant criticisms or flaws of your argument, you committed the __________ fallacy.
no true Scotsmen
If you presumed that because a claim has been poorly argued, or a fallacy has been made, that the claim itself must be wrong, you
committed the __________ fallacy.
If you attacked your opponent's character or personal traits in an attempt to undermine his or her argument, you committed the
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