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91 terms

Science 2nd 9 Weeks Review

STUDY
PLAY
forecast
Predicting Weather
a prediction of what the weather will be like in the future
weather map
Predicting Weather
a map that shows data about recent weather conditions across a large area
station model
Predicting Weather
an arrangement of symbols and numbers that show the weather conditions recorded at a weather station
dew point
Predicting Weather
the temperature in which water vapor in the air will condense
surface map
Predicting Weather
a map that includes station models and information about fronts and about centers of hight pressure and low pressure
thermometer
Predicting Weather
measures temperature
simple instrument
barometer
Predicting Weather
measures air pressure
simple instrument
anemometer
Predicting Weather
measures wind speed
simple instrument
rain gauge
Predicting Weather
measures precipitation
simple instrument
wind vane
Predicting Weather
measures wind direction
simple instrument
doppler radar
Predicting Weather
measures wind speed and precipitation
complex instrument
weather balloon
Predicting Weather
measures temperature, humidity, and air pressure
complex instrument
weather satellite
Predicting Weather
measures temperature, humidity, and fog
complex instrument
100,000
Predicting Weather
weather balloons can go as high as ________ feet
weather map
Predicting Weather
the best way to communicate atmospheric information is with a ______________
National Weather Service
Predicting Weather
main source of weather maps in the U.S.
3-6
Predicting Weather
surface maps show recent weather conditions across the U.S. and are updated every _____ hours
weather satellites
doppler radar
Predicting Weather
2 new developments that have dramatically improved weather forecasting are _______________ and ____________
1960s
Predicting Weather
weather satellites have been orbiting Earth since the _____
short - term forecast
Predicting Weather
more accurate today that in the past because of more advanced technology
2-3 days
more accurate than long - term forecasts because of the shorter time period between the forecast and the weather and because weather changes quickly
long - term forecast
Predicting Weather
4-7 days
less accurate than short - term forecasts
warm ocean water
Severe Storms
what is the basis to begin the formation of a hurricane
cumulus
Severe Storms
the spiral of a hurricane is made up of ________ clouds
base
sides
Severe Storms
warm, wet air is pulled into the _____ and _____ of the hurricane
eye
Severe Storms
cool, dry air is pulled into the _____ of the hurricane
eye wall
Severe Storms
the hurricane's fastest winds are found where
counter - clockwise
Severe Storms
hurricanes that form above the equator spin _________________
clockwise
Severe Storms
hurricanes that form below the equator spin ____________
right
Severe Storms
which side of a hurricane that spins counter - clockwise gives the worst storm surge
winds
Severe Storms
what causes hurricanes to travel
rapidly rising warm air
water vapor
Severe Storms
what is the fuel supply for thunderstorms
warm
Severe Storms
are updrafts made up of cool or warm air
cool
Severe Storms
are downdrafts made up of cool or warm air
thunder
Severe Storms
shock wave from rapid heating of air by a lightning bolt
lightning
Severe Storms
charge of electricity between 2 points
2000
Severe Storms
about ______ thunderstorms are taking place at any given moment
50,000
Severe Storms
a lightning bolt heats the air around it to _________ degrees Fahrenheit
hour
Severe Storms
how long do most thunderstorms last
372
Severe Storms
hurricanes can be as much as ____ miles across and can travel for thousands of miles and last for more than a week
186
Severe Storms
hurricane winds can reach ____ miles per hour
low
Severe Storms
a hurricane starts as a ____ pressure area over an ocean
warm air/water
Severe Storms
what keeps a hurricane going
land
less humid air
dry air
cool temperatures
Severe Storms
what 4 conditions would cause a hurricane to die out
lowering a weighted rope from the ship and when it hung loosely, they knew it had touched the bottom
Earth's Oceans
while sailing on the HMS Challenger in 1872, how did scientists map the depth of the ocean floor
Atlantic
Pacific
Indian
Earth's Oceans
list all of the oceans where the mid-ocean ridge is found
deep ocean trench
Earth's Oceans
place where 2 plates of the Earth's crust hit each other, forming a deep part of the ocean
abyssal plain
Earth's Oceans
vast floor of the deep oceans
rift
Earth's Oceans
deep ocean valley formed where 2 crustal plates move apart
seamount
Earth's Oceans
steep - sided volcanic mountain under the ocean
hot spot
Earth's Oceans
single column of magma found in the middle of Earth's plates that breaks through Earth's crust to the surface
atoll
Earth's Oceans
ring of islands around a shallow central lagoon
coral reef
Earth's Oceans
large masses of limestone rocks created by animal shells
continental shelf
Earth's Oceans
gently sloping part of a continent that's under water and rings each continent
continental slope
Earth's Oceans
edge of a continent that drops steeply down to the deep - ocean floor
Pacific
Earth's Oceans
seamounts that have become islands are formed mainly in the _______ ocean
mid - ocean ridge
Earth's Oceans
the world's longest mountain range is the _____________
Surtsey
Earth's Oceans
in 1963 a brand new island named _______ appeared in the Atlantic Ocean
Hawaiian
Earth's Oceans
undersea volcanoes formed the ________ islands
active
inactive
Earth's Oceans
the most recent volcanoes on Hawaii are __________
the older volcanoes are __________
South Pacific
Earth's Oceans
in which ocean are atolls most common
sunlight
warm water
Earth's Oceans
what are the 2 things coral reefs need to survive and grow
3
fringing
barrier
atoll
Earth's Oceans
how many types of coral reefs are there
what are their names
mid - ocean ridge
Earth's Oceans
at what part of the ocean is new ocean floor forming
covered with a thick layer of sediment
Earth's Oceans
why is the abyssal plain so flat
coral reefs
Earth's Oceans
an atoll is a ring of islands that form because of the growth of ____________
Challenger Deep
Earth's Oceans
what is the name of the deepest part of the ocean
7 miles below sea level
Earth's Oceans
what is the depth of the deepest part of the ocean
Mariana Trench
Earth's Oceans
the deepest part of the ocean is part of which trench
plate tectonics
Earth's Crust
the process of molten rock in the mantle sinking, warming, rising, and cooling
this is actually what makes the plates move
convergent boundary
Earth's Crust
boundary where crustal plates collide with each other
divergent boundary
Earth's Crust
boundary where crustal plates move away from each other
transform fault boundary
Earth's Crust
boundary where crustal plates grind past each other
mid - ocean ridge
Earth's Crust
place where plates of the Earth's crust along the ocean floor are being split apart and molten rock pushes up to form new ocean floor and a mountain range
magnitude
Earth's Crust
the amount of energy released in an earthquake
intensity
Earth's Crust
the amount of damage done in an earthquake
oceanic crust
Earth's Crust
which of the two crust types is newer and thinner
erosion
deposition
meteorites
glaciers
wind
water
natural disasters
etc.
Earth's Crust
list all of the constant processes that change Earth's surface
19,000
Earth's Crust
each year about _______ meteorites fall to Earth
divergent
Earth's Crust
new crust is created at a __________ boundary
convergent
Earth's Crust
old crust is reabsorbed at a __________ boundary
80
90
Earth's Crust
there is a lot of activity along a convergent boundary
___% of all volcanoes and ___% of all earthquakes occur along this boundary type
Pangea
Earth's Crust
the continents were once joined together to form one big supercontinent named _________
Alfred Wegener
Earth's Crust
who came up with the hypothesis of all the continents being joined into one supercontinent called Pangea
crust
volcanoes
earthquakes
Earth's Crust
scientists use clues from ______, __________, and _______________ to hypothesize about how Earth's surface has changed over the past 500 million years
4000
Earth's Crust
from Earth to the center of Earth is about _____ miles
mantle
Earth's Crust
which layer of Earth is the thickest
crust
Earth's Crust
which layer contains granite and basalt
P wave
Earth's Crust
which wave is fastest
surface wave
Earth's Crust
which wave causes the most damage
Ring of Fire
Earth's Crust
the Andes is part of a long chain of volcanoes ringing the Pacific Ocean called the _____________
10,000
Earth's Crust
the temperature of the inner core is ________ degrees Fahrenheit