Chapter 8 History

Reported on the hazardous conditions in factories and cities during the Progressive era
A ___ is an election in which citizens vote to select nominees for upcoming elections
direct primary
The ____ blended ideas from German socialism and American Progressivism for building a better society.
social gospel
In the late 1800s, ____ photographed tenement buildings in which the urban poor lived.
Jacob Riis
The _____ allowed citizens to approve or reject laws passed by a legislature.
_____ was a leading figure in the settlement house movement.
Jane Addams
What social problem did Upton Sinclair's novel "The Jungle" describe?
the living and working conditions in Chicago's stockyards
Which reform resulted from the fire at the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory?
workers' compensation laws
Many Progressive reformers targeted city officials who built corrupt organizations called..
political machines
Industrial workers often labored...
with unsafe machinery
The campaign to promote the practice of never drinking alcohol
temperance movement
formed the Women's Trade Union League to push for laws that would benefit women working in factories
Florence Kelley
identified products made under healthful working conditions and encouraged women to buy these products
The right to vote
founded the national women's party, which used public protest marches to demand the right to vote
Alice Paul
stated that the right to vote "shall not be denied or abridged on account of sex"
Nineteenth Amendment
Which reform did the Nineteenth Amendment enact?
women's suffrage
Which woman founded the Nation Association of Colored Women to help African American families and those who are less fortunate
Ida B. Wells
The NWP and the NAWSA primarily different in their..
The 1903 Muller v. Oregon decision upheld
limited work hours for women
Niagara Movement
a meeting that was formed to denounce rights for blacks
Urban League
a network of churches that set up to help blacks get settled into cities
a group that made loans and provided assistance for Mexican Americans
Which event led to the formation of the NAACP
the 1908 Springfield riot
Which group formed the Anti-Defamation League to defend itself against verbal attacks and false statements?
Jewish Americans
A 1913 California law forced Japanese Americans to..
sell their land
T/F; Theodore Roosevelt became President of the United States when William McKinley was assassinated?
T/F; President Theodore Roosevelt promoted a program called the Square Deal to protect the interests of small business owners and the poor.
T/F; The Pure Food and Drug Act required federal inspection of meat-processing plants.
False; Meeting Inspection Act
T/F; The work of naturalist John Muir led Congress to establish Yosemite National Park in 1890.
T/F; In the 192 presidential election, Theodore Roosevelt ran as the candidate of the New Nationalism Party.
False; Progressive Party
T/F; The Hepburn Act gave the government the authority to set and limit shipping costs.
Theodore Roosevelt supported powerful corporations that...
did business fairly
The concept of "rational use" suggested that...
forests be preserved for public use
The National Reclamation Act directly affected the management of which natural resource?
Under President William Howard Taft, the federal government...
brought lawsuits against many corporations
set out President Woodrow Wilson's plan for government in the United States
New Freedom
gave Congress the power to create an income tax.
Sixteenth Amendment
placed national banks under the control of central authority
Federal Reserve Act
established to monitor business practices that might lead to monopoly
spelled out activities in which businesses could not engage
Clayton Antitrust Act
sent federal troops to break up the miner's strike in Ludlow
Woodrow Wilson
Which party did Woodrow Wilson represent in the 1912 presidential election?
the Democratic Party
Wilson tried to protect workers by..
lowering import tariffs
Why did the United States banking system need to be reformed in the early 1900s
The nation had no central authority to supervise banks
President Wilson pushed for the passage of the Adamson Act to...
prevent a nationwide railroad strike