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people are less likely to take action or notice something if there are other people around
careful observation of events in the world, the formation of predictions based on these observations, and the testing of these predictions by manipulation of variables and systematic observation
German physiologist, used introspection for studying mental processes; established the first psychology laboratory
developed by Edward Titchener; approach to psychology that attempted to break down experience into its basic elements or structures, using a technique called introspection, in which subjects provided scientific reports of perceptual experiences
particularly interested in trying to understand mental processes that helped humans and other animals adapt to their environments; published "Principles of Psychology"
emphasized the practical nature of the mind. Influenced by Darwin's theory of natural selection. Attempts to learn how mental processes, such as learning, thinking, and perceiving, helped people adapt
developed by John Watson; emphasizes the relationship between environmental events and an organism's behavior
founded behaviorism; believed it was impossible to study the mind objectively; especially opposed introspection; believed that complex human behavior could be analyzed in terms of simple learned associations
helped develop Gestalt psychology, argued that it was a mistake to try to break psychological processes into basic components
approach to psychology that arges that the whole of an experience is different from the sum of its parts; an active force in current investigations of perceptual processes and learning as well as therapy, where it emphasizes the whole person
emphasizes the role of free choice and our ability to make conscious rational decisions about how we live our lives
focuses on the ways in which organisms process information; investigates processes such as thinking, memory, language, problem solving, and creativity
concerned with factors that influence growth and shape behavior throughout the life cycle, from conception through old age
concerned with understanding the impact of social environments and social processes of individuals
focuses on exploring the uniqueness of the individual, describing the elements that make up human personality and investigating how personality develops and how it influences peoples activities
field of specialization in which the primary activity is conducting research
branch of neuroscience that focuses on the relationship between behavior and psychological events within the brain and the rest of the nervous system; also known as physiological psychology
involved in the diagnosis and treatment of problems of adjustment; focus on less serious problems
industrial/organizational (I/O) psychology
using psychological concepts to make the workplace a more satisfying environment for employees and management
creating optimal relationships among people, the machines they create, and the environments they work in
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