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World History Final Exam
Terms in this set (55)
The Vikings were made part of the European civilization by __________.
the Frankish policy of settling them and converting them to Christianity
In 1066, William of Normandy ________.
invaded England and soundly defeated King Harold forces
______ led the Muslim forces to retake Jerusalem from the crusaders.
Under early Germanic law, a wrongdoer had to pay _____, or "money for a man," to the family of the person he injured or killed.
At the heart of feudalism was _________.
vassalage, which meant warriors swore loality to a lord who in turn took care of their needs.
The _____ was a set of unwritten rules that determined the relationship between a lord and his vassal.
Joan of Arc brought the Hundred Years' War to a decisive turning point by ______.
inspiring the French with her faith
Lay investiture was a practice by which ____________.
secular/lay rulers usually both chose nominees to church offices and gave them the symbols of their offices
The Inquisition was __________.
the court created by the catholic church to find and try heretics
Leonardo da Vinci was an excellent example of Renaissance Italy's social ideal because he _______.`
was a painter, sculptor, architect, inventor, and mathematician
The frescoes painted by ______ have long been regarded as the first masterpieces of early Renaissance art.
Christian humanists believed that _______.
if people read the classics, and especially the basic works of Christianity, they would become more pious.
The Peace of Augsburg formally ___________.
accepted the division of Christianity in Germany.
Chauncer's The Canterbury Tales is an important work because ________.
Chaucer's use of the English vernacular was important in making his dialect the chief ancestor in the modern English language
The ________ movement had a profound effect on education.
The High Renaissance in Italy is associated with which three artists?
Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael, and Michelangelo
Vasco da Gama's discovery of a route to India by sea proved to be ________.
very profitable, since da Gama returned with a cargo of spices and made a profit of several thousand precent
Originally, African slaves were brought to the Americas to supply labor for the ________.
sugar cane plantations
The Moluccas were known to Europeans as the ________.
The Treaty of Tordesillas, signed in 1494, _________.
established a line between territories controlled by Spain and those controlled by Portugal
Europeans had less impact on the mainland states of Southeast Asia because ________.
the mainland states were able to unite and drive the Europeans out
The House of ________ ruled the southern French kingdom of Navarre.
Philip II of Spain was known as the ________.
Most Catholic King
The _______ were Protestants in England who were inspired by Calvinist ideas.
Oliver Cromwell's defeat of the king's forces allowed him to _______.
take control of England and eventually established a military dictatorship
The style of painting known as ________ is known for its use of dramatic effects to arouse the emotions.
The Thirty Years' War involved all the major European powers except which nation?
What was the "Glorious Revolution"?
Invasion of England by William of Orange, who overthrew James II
The ideas of ________ can be found in the American Declaration of Independence and the United States Constitution.
Francis Bacon, an English philosopher, believed scientists should _________.
use inductive reasoning
John Locke's ideas suggest that people were _________.
molded by their experiences
In Jean-Jacques Rousseau's concept of a social contract, ________.
an entire society agrees to be governed by its general will
According to the Ptolemaic system, _________.
the universe is a series of concentric spheres with Earth fixed at the center
Galileo's observations seemed to indicate that _________.
the heavenly bodies were composed of material substance just like Earth, not pure orbs of light
The French National Assembly swore the Tennis Court Oath, which was ________.
a vow to continue to meet until they had produced a French constitution
The term sans-culottes, meaning "without breeches," implied that the members of this political group were ________.
ordinary patriots without fine clothes
What were the two major reasons that Napoleon's Grand Empire collapsed?
the survival of Great Britain and the force of nationalism
__________ was the brutal head of the Committee of Public Safety.
Otto von Bismarck practiced realpolitik, which was _________.
a theory of politics based on practical matters rather than theory or ethics
The pitiful conditions created by the Industrial Revolution gave rise to _______.
socialism, in which society owns and controls the means of production
In the Second Industrial Revolution, what led the way to new industrial frontiers?
steel, chemicals, electricity, and petroleum
According to Karl Marx, the ________, or working class, was oppressed by the middle class.
The internal-combustion engine gave rise to ________.
automobiles, airplanes, and improved ocean liners
The alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy was known as the ________.
If a colony was run by _______, local elites were removed from power and replaced with a new set of officials from the mother country.
Originally sent to Africa to find David Livingstone, Henry Stanley was ________.
hired by King Leopold II of Belgium.
As a result of the prosperity that came from increased exports, Latin America _________.
witnessed a growth in the middle sectors of Latin American society
What was the "white man's burden"?
The belief that Europeans had a moral responsibility to civilize primitive peoples
In 1857, a growing Indian distrust of the British led to _________.
the First War of Independence, which the British called the Sepoy Mutiny
What was the name of the group that conspired to assassinate Archduke Francis Ferdinand?
The Black Hand
The Western Front was characterized by __________.
trench warfare that kept both sides in virtually the same positions for four years
The Schlieffen Plan was ________.
Germany's plan for a two-front war with Russia and France, which had formed a military alliance
By attacking Austria in May 1915, Italy _______.
betrayed Germany and Austria by joining with the Allied Powers
In an attempt to end Russia's involvement in the war, Lenin _________.
signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany, which gave up much of Russian territory
John Maynard Keynes argued that unemployment ____________.
came not from overproduction but from a decline in demand
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