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Unit Review Sadlier Oxford Vocabulary Workshop-Level C- Unit 4-6

STUDY
PLAY
abashed
embarrassed, ashamed, or non plussed
aloof
withdrawn, standing apart from others (usually as a matter of choice)
anguish
great mental suffering, distress, or pain; to be deeply tormented by pain or sorrow
articulate
to pronounce distinctly; to express well in words; to fit together into a system; able to use language effectively; expressed clearly and forcefully
bask
to be in, or expose oneself to, pleasant warmth; to take pleasure in or derive enjoyment from
defect
an imperfection, flaw, or blemish of some kind; to desert a cause or organization
finesse
delicate skill; tact and cleverness; to accomplish something by cleverness, good judgment, or skillful evasion
flaunt
to wave or flutter showily; to display in a conceited, offensive way
forthright
frank, direct, straightforward
genial
cordial, pleasantly cheerful or warm
instill
to add gradually; to introduce or cause to be taken in
ostracize
to exclude from a group, banish, send away
premonition
forewarning or foreboding of a future event
pseudonym
a pen name, name assumed by a writer
purge
to wash away impurities, clean up; the process of getting rid of something or someone decisively
rehabilitate
to make over in good form; to restore to good condition or to a former position
repercussion
an effect or consequence of some action or event, result; an echo or reverberation
resolute
bold, determined; firm
retentive
able to hold, keep, or recall; retaining knowledge easily
scapegoat
a person or thing carrying the blame for others
aghast
s-shocked, horrified , stupefied
ample
s-sufficient, adequate, considerable
apparition
s-phantom, specter
assert
s-affirm, avow
cower
s-cringe, flinch
disdain
s-spurn, reject
epitaph
s-tombstone inscription
ethical
s-upright, virtuous, honorable
facetious
s-comical, witty, tongue-in-cheek
inaudible
s-faint, indistinct
indiscriminate
s-haphazzard, random, uncritical
intrigue
s-scheme, plot, conspiracy
jurisdiction
s-purview
plausible
s-believable, probable
plebeian
s-lowborn, proletarian, coarse, unrefined
prodigal
s-improvident, spendthrift, wastrel
pulverize
s-crush, demolish
sequel
s-follow-up, continuation
volatile
s-unstable, erratic
aghast
a-delighted, overjoyed, unmoved
ample
a-insufficient, inadequate
cower
a-stand up to
disdain
a-revere, venerate, esteem, respect
ethical
a-immoral, unscrupulous, dishonest
facetious
a-serious, humorless
inaudible
a-audible, easily heard
indiscriminate
a-selective
intrigue
a-fair play
jurisdiction
a-purview
plausible
a-improbable, far-fetched
plebeian
a-aristocratic, refined, cultivated
prodigal
a-frugal, economical, stingy, miserly
proximity
a-distance, remoteness
pulverize
a-crush, demolish
sequel
a-prelude, overture, curtain-raiser
volatile
a-stable, steady, static, inert, dormant
proximity
a-disdain and remoteness
annul
to reduce to nothing; to make ineffective or inoperative; to declare legally invalid or void cancel, abolish, invalidate, nullify
bláse
indifferent, bored as a result of having enjoyed many pleasures; apathetic
bolster
to support, give a boost to; a long pillow or cushion; a supporting post strengthen, reinforce, buttress, validate
deplore
to feel or express regret or disapproval lament, bemoan, bewail
frivolous
of little importance, not worthy of serious attention; not meant seriously silly, foolish, inane, petty, trifling
muster
to bring together for service or battle; to gather or summon; to amount to, comprise, include; a list of men for military service; a gathering, accumulation mobilize, marshal, roster, inventory
nonentity
a person or thing of no importance nobody
obsess
to trouble, haunt, or fill the mind preoccupy
ornate
elaborately decorated; showily splendid fancy, elaborate, flashy, flamboyant
oust
to remove, drive out of a position or place expel, eject
peruse
to read thoroughly and carefully study, pore over, scrutinize
porous
full of tiny holes; able to be penetrated by air or water leaky, permeable
promontory
a high point of land extending into water cliff, headland
prone
Lying face down; inclined, likely prostrate, liable, apt
qualm
a pang of conscience, uneasiness, misgiving, or doubt; a feeling of faintness or nausea regret, second thought, scruple
recourse
a person or thing turned to for help or advice; the act of seeking help or protection redress, remedy, resort
residue
a remainder, that which remains when a part has been used up or removed remnant, remains, leavings
solicitous
showing concern or care; fearful or anxious about someone or something concerned
staid
serious and dignified; quiet or subdued in character or conduct sedate, sober, prim
sustain
to support, nourish, keep up; to suffer, undergo; to bear up under, withstand; to affirm the validity of foster, maintain
weighing
is not a physical change
crushing
is a physical change
melting
is a physical change
passing electric current
is a physical change
element
a pure substance that cannot be separated into simpler substances by physical or chemical means.
pure substance
a substance that contains only one type of particle
characteristic properties
not affected by the amount of an element present
size
is not a characteristic property
shape
is not a characteristic property
mass
is not a characteristic property
volume
is not a characteristic property
weight
is not a characteristic property
melting point
is characteristic property
density
is characteristic property
color
is characteristic property
harness
is characteristic property
flammability
is characteristic property
reactivity with acid
is characteristic property
what are the two common properties that most terriers share?
they are fairly small in size and have short hair
what can all elements be classified as?
metals, metalloids or non metals
an element that is shiny and that conducts heat and electric current well?
metal
an element that conducts heat and electric current poorly, and can be a solid, liquid or gas?
nonmetal
elemets that have properties of both metals and nonmetals
metalloid
three examples of compounds you encounter everyday are
table salt, baking soda and sugar
compounds
are combinations of elements that join in specific ratios according to their masses; random combinations of elements; different mass ratios mean different compounds
true about properties of compounds
a compound has the same properties as the elements that form it.
How is it possible that we can eat them in a compound?
When combined they form a harmless compound with unique properties.
compound
two or more elements are joined by chemical bonds to form a new pure substance
sodium cloride
table salt
sodium
a soft, silvery white metal that reacts violently with water
chlorine
a poisonous, greenish yellow gas
what compound helps give carbonated beverages their "fizz"?
carbon acid
what elements make up the compound that helps give carbonated beverages their "fizz"?
carbonic acid, carbon dioxide and hydrogen and oxygen
What is the only way to break down a compound?
chemical change
aluminum is produced by breaking down which compound?
aluminum oxide
what compound do plants use in photosynthesis to make carbohydrates
carbon dioxide