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Psychologists who use psychological principles to solve immediate problems are practicing
Participants in an experiment who are exposed to the independent variable are called the ___ group
When neither the participants nor the experimenter knows which group of participants is the experimental one, the study is known as a
What is the mode of the following distribution:
mode is the most often occurring number in a set of numbers
In ___ studies, psychologists study the same group of participants at regular intervals over a period of years
When researchers unwittingly bring about the situation they expected to find, they have created a
Lawrence Kohlberg identified six stages of moral development. In Stage 1 a child
is totally egocentric
Erik Erikson's theory of psychosocial development claims that if a young child is praised for her new abilities she will learn
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of girls who mature early
They are proud of height and figure at first
Which of the following is the correct order of the stages of adjusting to dying and death as defined by Elisabeth Kubler-Ross
denial, anger, bargaining, depression, acceptance
Alberto believes that his function in life is to help younger generations by passing on his acquired business wisdom. Erik Erikson would say that Alberto is exhibiting
In a grand mal seizure
uncontrolled electrical activity in one hemisphere of the brain spreads to the other hemisphere
Which of the following is NOT true of identical twins?
they occur more frequently than fraternal twins
The absolute threshold is the ___ that a person can detect half of the time
weakest amount of a stimulus
In classical conditioning, the best results occur when the conditioned stimulus is presented
before the unconditioned response
A subject responding to a second stimulus similar to the original CS is an example of
An unpleasant consequence that decreases the frequency of the response that produced it is called
An individual watches a friend send an E-mail message. When the individual is later able to send an E-mail message, the type of learning exhibited is
Which of the following describes your ability to identify the name of your first grade teacher in a newspaper article?
Which of the following describes your ability to identify the sound of a musical instrument you have heard before?
HOMES, an acronym for the five Great Lakes (Huron, Ontario, Michigan, Erie, Superior) is an example of a
A child who speaks in sentences, but does not use articles or prepositions is exhibiting
Abraham Maslow refers to biological drives, including the need for physical safety and security as
The Cannon-Bard theory proposed that
the brain arouses the body and triggers emotions simultaneously
A test designed to measure management ability is found to be a very good predictor of how well an individual will function as a manager. This test is said to be
A college admissions test designed to find out whether an individual would make a good architecture student based on the skills that person has is an example of an
When an algebra teacher gives a test to her class to measure how much algebra her students have learned, she is giving an
A test that is administered twice to the same person with very different results cannot be called
A test that is designed to predict how successful and happy a student might be in a particular career is called an
According to Sigmund Freud, the part of the psyche that stops a person from stealing is the
Thinking that someone is angry at you when in reality you are angry at yourself is called
Marty frequently becomes angry at his wife. The real object of his anger is his mother. This defense mechanism is called
A three-year-old child who has been toilet trained starts wetting the bed after the birth of a sibling. This child is using the defense mechanism of
Mrs. Smith exhibits strong feelings of love toward her child, although unconsciously she is very angry at the child. She is displaying the defense mechanism of
Abraham Maslow deliberately tried to establish an alternative to psychoanalysis and behaviorism called
According to Sigmund Freud, human personality includes all of the following except
Freud was the first modern psychologist to suggest that
every personality has a large unconscious component
The methods by which the ego unconsciously protects itself against unpleasant circumstances are called
Which of the following is a term used by Carl Rogers
all of the above (fully functioning, unconditional positive regard, conditions of worth)
Your level of stress is influenced by your ____, which involves your immediate evaluation of a situation.
Tony, a young boy, wants to pet a friend's dog, but he is afraid that the dog will bite him. This is a(n) ___ conflict.
The difference between a mild psychological disorder and abnormality is
abnormality is any deviation from the average or from the majority. mild psychological disorders are annoying and hard to function properly in society
General symptoms of ___ include breathing difficulties, faintness or dizziness, nausea, and chest pains
Physical symptoms of ___ include muscular tension, an inability to relax, a furrowed brow, and a strained face
general anxiety disorder
A person who experiences uncontrollable thought patterns and performs irrational actions suffers from
A victim of a physical assault who relives the event repeatedly in his or her mind may be suffering from
post-traumatic stress disorder
A person who suddenly and unexpectedly travels away from home and cannot recall the past is experiencing
A person who cannot walk because of psychological distress rather than any psychical cause is suffering from
Dissociative disorders are
when a person experiences alterations in memory, identity, or consciousness
Symptoms of ___ drugs range from nausea and "the shakes," to hallucinations, convulsions, coma, and death
Individuals who have ___ disorder are basically thrill seekers who feel no shame or guilt if they injure other people or break social rules
A ___ personality is characterized by a distrust of others and a perception that others have evil motives
A person addicted to drugs develops a ___ that requires ever increasing doses to achieve the same "high."
Which type of psychotherapy is based on the belief that emotional problems arise when an individual's assumptions are unrealistic?
A therapist who follows the theories of Sigmund Freud is likely to encourage patients to talk about everything that comes to mind. This method is called
The study of how our thoughts, feelings, perceptions, and behaviors are influenced by our interaction with others is the domain of
The tendency to assume that someone else will handle emergencies when more than one person is present is called
Which of the following refers to the tendency to perform better in the presence of a group
A pacifist who has been drafted is against killing yet believes in obeying the laws. He or she is probably experiencing
You believe all conservative people to be cold and aloof. When you meet a conservative you keep your distance, then the person seems to act cold toward you. This is an example of
A psychologist studying such matters as how to select a trial jury or the reliability of eyewitnesses would most likely be a ___ psychologist
Applied psychologists search for ___ to psychological problems
applied research is scientific study that aims to solve practical problems
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